VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥巴马下令改革美国移民体系
日期:2014-11-23 07:27

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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President Barack Obama has announced major changes to the United States government's immigration policies. The changes will affect millions of people who entered the country without permission. The president took the action through an official declaration, known as an "executive order."

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Mr. Obama spoke to the American people Thursday night. He said the U.S. immigration system is not working.

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"It's been this way for decades. And for decades, we haven't done much about it."

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The president said his order will help immigrants to, in his words, "come out of the shadows." It temporarily protects some illegal immigrants from being expelled from the country, a process called "deportation." It also gives them permission to work. But they must have been in the United States at least five years and have no criminal record. And they must have at least one U.S.-born child.

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"It does not apply to anyone who might come to America illegally in the future. It does not grant citizenship, or the right to stay here permanently, or offer the same benefits that citizens receive."

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U.S. immigration officials will spend less time removing people and their families who entered the country without permission.

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They will instead increase efforts against terrorists, criminals and people who only recently entered the United States illegally.

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The Obama administration says the executive order increases "the chances that anyone attempting to cross the border illegally will be caught and sent back."

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The order expands a program for young people who had come to the United States as children and had spent at least five years in the U.S. It protects foreign citizens from being returned home for three years if they entered the U.S. before 2010 and are attending school.

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"Are we a nation that educates the world's best and brightest in our universities, only to send them home to create businesses in countries that compete against us? Or are we a nation that encourages them to stay and create jobs here?"

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U.S. officials estimate there are more than 11 million illegal immigrants in the country. The president's plan will affect about five million of them.

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The changes announced Thursday night will not take effect until early next year. An administration official said it is not possible to make an announcement and put the policy into effect the next day.

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Political observers expect opposition to the changes. Some critics say the president does not have the power under the Constitution to make major immigration policy changes using an executive order. The president said he does.

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"The actions I'm taking are not only lawful, they're the kinds of actions taken by every single Republican president and every single Democratic president for the past half century. And to those members of Congress who question my authority to make our immigration system work better, or question the wisdom of me acting where Congress has failed, I have one answer: Pass a bill."

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I'm Christopher Cruise.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载Z,n3iPyQY5h_wJS!;Mx

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词汇学习

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1.affect v. 影响;打动

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Will the new rules affect me?
这一新的规章会对我有影响吗?

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2.permission n. 允许;批准,正式认可

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He got permission from his commanding officer to join me.
他得到指挥官的许可来与我会合RmFVjxG=i_clI1;)Q

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3.temporarily adv. 暂时地;临时地

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Lemon and lime juice were both temporarily out of stock.
柠檬汁和酸橙汁暂时都缺货IpE;uujck@2j2t(DPH2

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4.permanently adv. 永久地,持久地

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I have given up my flat in Paris because I'm going to live permanently in London.
我已经把巴黎的房子让出去了,因为我打算在伦敦永久定居H)RZ,PokRX,p]xEMa)E

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5.lawful adj. 合法的;法定的

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It is not lawful to park in front of a hydrant.
在消火栓前停车是不合法的W9j9YopM05uJwPl,@Q

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内容解析

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1.It temporarily protects some illegal immigrants from being expelled from the country, a process called "deportation."

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expel from驱逐出

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They threatened to expel him from his adoptive country.
他们威胁将他驱逐出他的移居国7Epw^pZH~ixC[

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2.The Obama administration says the executive order increases "the chances that anyone attempting to cross the border illegally will be caught and sent back."

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attempt to尝试,企图

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These feelings are likely to make people attempt to overthrow the system.
这些情绪有可能促使人们想要推翻现行的体制=f!b5S(xc)

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3.The changes announced Thursday night will not take effect until early next year.

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take effect见效,生效

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The prescribed medicine failed to take effect.
医生开的那药没有效果#It|X9ykE,5

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参考翻译

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奥巴马总统宣布对美国政府移民政策进行重大改革)p=WgPCZPW,。这些改革将影响到未经许可进入美国的数百万人M^PDl]OJaLm。在一项被称为“行政命令”的官方声明中,奥巴马总统采取了这一行动h.;-tYf~|iO8u^^P-=hW

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周四晚上,奥巴马向美国人民发表了讲话z+GTCj0Muse;。他表示,美国的移民体系并不奏效)URl1shZ-=&|]P

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“这样的状况已经持续了几十年,而且几十年来我们一直未采取有效举措q6b-wn||k+Lgg;T.THG。”

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奥巴马总统表示,他的命令将帮助移民,用他的话来说,“走出阴影[#oLs^ZCR0%DXhRA(。”该命令暂时保护一些非法移民免于被“驱逐出境”,还给他们颁发了工作许可证USZr9W2LCJd_%DL。但是他们必须已在美国生活至少五年,并且没有犯罪记录|nN~r-f_0mc[&iPzGTQ。同时他们必须至少有一个在美国出生的孩子mSyNzfEEr,,HK^mY1

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“这项行政命令并不适用于那些未来可能非法进入美国的人员,不会授予公民身份或永久居住权,也不会提供与公民同样的福利CYv_~&VIe)baZ*4xS。”

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美国移民官员花费更烧水还见驱逐未经许可进入美国的人和他们的家人vZxpp%wdn,lly)8

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相反,他们将加大力度打击恐怖分子、罪犯以及最近才非法进入美国的人wu[rPyPYdz6

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奥巴马政府表示,这一行政命令“提高了任何试图非法越境人员被抓获并遣返的几率”#4S]4t#[rw!df#QxRMoF

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该命令拓展了一项针对年幼时来到美国并在美国生活了至少五年的年轻人的项目].gzW~+0oZ;rC,h2wX。如果外国公民在2010年前进入美国并正在学校就读,他们三年内就能免于被遣返回国y;W|iQPZhL,Jc

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“我们国家是让我们的大学教育世界最好、最聪明学生,然后把他们遣送回国、在与我们竞争的国家创业呢?还是鼓励他们留下来在美国创造就业机会呢?”

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美国官员估计全国有超过1100万非法移民X!r12uxV7b。奥巴马总统的计划将影响到其中大约500万人t(6^Iwh,GE.naNy,yU%

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周四晚上宣布的移民改革要到明年年初才生效P[||TD5t+Gx)ec5_!gV(。一位政府官员表示,宣布一项政策后第二天就生效是不可能的2!bc86lAR]MZw0r+].

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政治观察人士预计这项改革会遭遇反对EScEby*MpQCl。有评论说,根据宪法,总统无权使用行政命令对移民政策做出重大改革)^E_@*Z#WDr@vi。奥巴马总统说他有权这样做SThbkps8n*7aUyW*RnS

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“我采取的政策不仅合法,过去半个世纪每位共和党总统和每位民主党总统都采取了这样的做法)HFMuwivw8YAQ[@cotBD。对于质疑我是否有权改善移民体系的国会成员,对于那些质疑在国会已经失败的这一做法是否明智的人,我只有一个答案:通过法案nBSXteQTb+-@sl。”

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我是Christopher Cruise)])*I=Rmtj#g3

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重点单词
  • deportationn. 驱逐出境;放逐
  • announced宣布的
  • announcementn. 通知,发表,宣布
  • expelvt. 驱逐,逐出,开除
  • stockn. 存货,储备; 树干; 血统; 股份; 家畜 adj
  • permanentlyadv. 永久地
  • authorityn. 权力,权威,职权,官方,当局
  • grantn. 授予物,补助金; 同意,给予 n. 财产转让 vt
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • actingn. 演戏,行为,假装 adj. 代理的,临时的,供演出