Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.
The world of boxing gave us famous competitors like Muhammad Ali.
It also gave us many expressions that we use in our everyday lives.
Years ago, a boxing match would begin when a boxer threw his hat into the boxing ring – the place where the fight was fought. That does not happen these days. But if you throw your hat into the ring it does mean that you are signing up or agreeing to do something. You will often hear this expression in the world of politics.
"Is she running for mayor?"
"She is. She threw her hat in the ring last week."
A boxing ring is surrounded on all four sides by ropes. A boxer trapped along the ropes gets hit a lot. So, to have someone on the ropes means to have them in a dangerous position.
During a fight, there are three people in the ring – two boxers and a referee. The referee makes sure the boxers obey the rules of the sport. He or she can cancel, or call off, a fight if things get too unsafe or risky for one of the boxers. And if a fighter is hit so hard that they fall down, the referee gives the person a count of 10 to get up.
If the fighter gets up, the boxing match continues. If the fighter does not, the match is over. So when you are down for the count you are not able to compete or not able to join in something. Here is an example:
"Is George coming out tonight for drinks?"
"No, he's got a fever of 102. So, for tonight, he's down for the count."
To go the distance is the opposite. It means a boxer was able to stay in the ring and not withdraw from the fight. Outside of the boxing ring, it means to see something through to its end.
If you do decide to leave your job, you throw in the towel. This expression comes from the fact that trainers can stop a match for their boxer by throwing a towel into the ring.
So it is good to have someone in your corner, a person looking out for you. That is where a boxer's team stands during the end of each round – in his or her corner. And yes, women's boxing is becoming more and more popular in the United States.
A professional boxing match is made up of 12 periods, called rounds. At the end of each round a bell sounds. To be saved by the bell means you were saved from a bad situation by something – not necessarily a bell.
But let us imagine that you are a student in class. The teacher starts passing out a test. You get nervous because you forgot to study. Suddenly the bell rings, ending the class period. In this case, you were, quite literally, saved by the bell.
And that's the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.
I'm Anna Matteo.
1.referee n. 裁判员；调解人；介绍人 vi. 仲裁；担任裁判 vt. 为…当裁判；调停
He shrugged at the referee's sentence.
2.towel n. 毛巾，手巾；[纸] 纸巾 vt. 用毛巾擦 vi. 用毛巾擦干身体
He dried his hair with a towel.
3.trap vt. 诱捕；使…受限制；使…陷入困境 n. 陷阱；圈套；[建] 存水弯 vi. 设陷阱
He used some cheese to trap the rat.
1."No, he's got a fever of 102. So, for tonight, he's down for the count."
down for the count 被彻底打败
The challenger is down for the count and the King of Boxer wins.
He was down for a count of eight in the fifth round.
2.To go the distance is the opposite. It means a boxer was able to stay in the ring and not withdraw from the fight.
go the distance 永不放弃；去向远方；继续跑完全程
More riders than ever are now determined to go the distance.
I doubt if he can go the distance.
多年前，当拳击手将帽子扔到擂台时，比赛就开始了。现在已经不再这样了，但如果你throw your hat into the ring，这表示你在报名做某事或同意做某事 。你还会在政治界听到这个表达 。
擂台四周用绳子围起来，拳击手被困在绳子里意味着他挨了很多打。所以，to have someone on the ropes意思是使之处于危险境地 。
拳击比赛时擂台上有三个人，两名拳手和一名裁判。裁判要确保拳击手们遵守比赛规则，如果情况对一名拳击手来说太危险，拳击手可以取消比赛 。如果拳击手挨打很重，倒在地上，那么裁判就会倒数10下，让他站起来 。
如果拳手站了起来，那么比赛继续进行。如果拳手不站起来，比赛就结束了 。所以如果你down for the count(被彻底击倒)，你就无法角逐下去，或者无法参加某件事 。这里有个例子：
与此相反的是To go the distance(坚持到底)，意思是继续留在擂台上，不放弃战斗。在拳击擂台之外，这个表达的意思是坚持到底 。
如果你决定离职，那就是说你throw in the towel(认输)了，这个表达来自这样的事实，即教练往擂台上扔一条毛巾来停止拳手的决斗。
所以能有人在你身边是很好的，这个人会关心你。在每个回合结束时，拳手的团队都会站在他或她的身边 。是的，女性拳击手在美国越来越受欢迎 。
专业拳击比赛有12个回合，每个回合结束时铃声都会响起。To be saved by the bell意思是你被救出困境，不一定是铃声 。
让我们设想下你是坐在教室里的学生，老师开始分发测试题。你感到紧张，因为你忘记学习了 。突然铃声响起，下课了 。这种情况下，照字面意思来说，就是铃声救了你 。