VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥巴马准备访问亚洲和澳大利亚
日期:2014-11-10 10:44

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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President Barack Obama is making preparations for a week-long trip to Asia and Australia. The president arrives in Beijing on Monday. During his visit, Mr. Obama plans to meet with Chinese President Xi Jinping. He also will attend the yearly meetings of APEC -- the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.

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On Wednesday, Mr. Obama goes to Myanmar for the East Asia Summit and a meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. The trip ends at the "Group of 20" talks in Brisbane, Australia.

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North Korea is not a member of either APEC or ASEAN, but its nuclear activities are sure to be discussed at these meetings. Kim Han-kwon is with the Asan Institute for Policy Studies in Seoul.

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He says the issue of North Korea is not just a subject for the Korean peninsula and East Asia, but one that can bring a big change in the security system of Asia and the Pacific. So, he says, related countries will hold discussions -- either officially or unofficially -- at the meetings.

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This week, South Korean media reported that North Korea has opened a new uranium enrichment center at its main nuclear area. Some observers believe North Korea has made progress in its effort to build an atomic bomb. But the North is still believed to be working on a way to make a nuclear weapon smaller.

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In recent years, observers thought the North Korean nuclear issue would be one in which the United States and China could cooperate to reduce tensions.

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China reportedly became angry with North Korea after the North carried out a nuclear test in 2013. The test was a violation of United Nations resolutions. But China has shown little interest in supporting strong sanctions against North Korea. Chinese officials fear such measures could threaten security in the country.

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President Obama is to meet with South Korean President Park Geun-hye in Myanmar, also known as Burma. They will likely discuss recent signals coming from Pyongyang. The North Korean government has at times shown an interest in restarting international talks on its nuclear program. But the North continues to send hostile signals toward both South Korea and the United States.

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The leaders of China, Russia and India are also expected in Myanmar's capital for the ASEAN meetings. But observers have limited expectations for the talks.

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The ASEAN way of compromise and non-intervention has helped keep Southeast Asia at peace for years. And that is the only effective way for the group to operate. So says Rodolfo Severino of the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore. He spoke to VOA on Skype.

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"No, ASEAN is not about breakthroughs. ASEAN is, works on an incremental basis."

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The talks are to lead the launch of the ASEAN Economic Community next year. The AEC is supposed to help increase cross-border trade and travel.

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But a document released to VOA before the meeting deals with another issue: the South China Sea. A government representative from an ASEAN country provided the information. The document is a proposal for a statement that would normally be released at the end of the conference. It notes progress on a Code of Conduct -- some would call them "rules" -- for the South China Sea. And it urges ASEAN members to settle their territorial disputes with China.

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The document also criticizes North Korea for testing missiles and condemns Islamic State militants in the Middle East.

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I'm Christopher Cruise.

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文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载JK@lb]8XU(QSqc&+ZaM

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词汇解释

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1.uranium n. [化学] 铀

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The fuel was enriched with uranium 235 for the nuclear reactor.
核反应堆的燃料被铀235浓缩60AgH@XcZ0L~f

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2.enrichment n. 丰富;改进;肥沃;发财致富

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Books are an enrichment of life.
书籍乃充实人生之物3eBAJ&jXF%e),.)

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3.incremental adj. 增加的,增值的

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We are seeking continuous, incremental improvements, not great breakthroughs.
我们在寻求持续的、渐进的改善,而不是重大的突破ik8Wx2p#RR;I

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内容解析

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1.The AEC is supposed to help increase cross-border trade and travel.

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supposed to 应该,猜想会

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You were supposed to be here an hour ago.
你应该在一小时之前赶到这里xj%.3@KLCDC!

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The pilots were supposed to drop supplies to the snowbound villages, but the local government was poor and they pranged up the whole operation.
飞行员应该给那些被雪封住路的村庄空投救济物质,但地方政府经济困难,这使该计划的实施陷入了困境rMAaWGza7N*kqT042

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参考译文

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巴拉克·奥巴马总统准备对亚洲和澳大利亚进行为期一周的访问,总统将于周一抵达北京iUyUKr#B^+。在访问期间,奥巴马准备会见中国国家主席习近平,还将参加亚太经合组织(APEC)年度会议=ck(trkY#.*Y=LWrDjg

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周三,奥巴马将前往缅甸参加东亚峰会和东盟会议,此次访问以澳大利亚布里斯班的G20会议告终.pO;OBnigjMDueq

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朝鲜既不是亚太经合组织也不是东盟成员国,但其核活动将是这些会议的议题之一a5z|oF_#@SyLR+V;-Gq。Kim Han-kwon就职于首尔亚洲政策研究所HaU#^45@zaizZm-_Q

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他说朝鲜问题不仅是朝鲜半岛和东亚的议题,也会给亚太安全体系带来巨大改变D29EG)5*Waacb。所以,他说相关国家将在会上举行官方或非官方的会谈Z&6ojZ5*e81!.+aS)Ou

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本周,韩国媒体报道称朝鲜在其主要核地区启动了一个新的铀浓缩中心,有的观察家认为朝鲜已在建造原子弹方面取得进展,但据悉朝鲜仍在努力将核武器变得更小ZWpI-D9P@^Im

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最近几年,观察家认为在朝鲜核问题上,中美通过合作可以减少紧张局势OIJkbAm5]r

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据报道,在2013年朝鲜进行核试验后中国非常生气IlK^yn6cFj。这次试验违反了联合国决议,但中国表示无意支持对朝鲜实行严厉制裁,中国官方担心此类措施会威胁到本国的安全A;6wf5wbuFm+

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奥巴马总统将在缅甸会见韩国总统朴槿惠,他们可能会谈论最近平壤发出的信号Nnnf|gKG;@;Hc3。朝鲜政府多次表示有兴趣重启就其核项目的国际谈判,但朝鲜仍对韩国和美国发出敌对信号~4n,,jP~I|2X4YyTS

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中国、俄罗斯和印度领导人也有望前往缅甸首都参加东盟会议,但观察家对这次会谈抱的希望不大I@kcxVw~peAos3[;sl5h

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东盟的妥协和不干预手段帮助东南亚多年来保持和平,这也是保持该组织有效运作的唯一方式1CxbkUSy_oYImRqYu1o[。新加坡东南亚研究院的鲁道夫·塞韦里诺如是说,他通过Skype接受了美国之音的采访~IGIBZf3c@VQ

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“东盟与突破无关,东盟依赖于渐进的基础nC#oSAwjGfn0Jb+P[]。”

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这些会谈将促成明年东盟经济共同体的推出,东盟经济共同体有望帮助促进跨境贸易和旅行h-Koz@[vike!

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但会议前发给美国之音的一份文件涉及了另一个问题:南中国海q1OrFzKyNUB[。一个东盟国家政府代表提供了该信息,这份文件是个行动声明,通常在会议结束时发表woQX,R5|s8!xZ。文件指出了南中国海行为准则方面的进展,并敦促东盟成员国与中国处理领土争端%pIi%e3a(t9F)jF

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这份文件还批评了朝鲜的导弹试验,谴责了IS在中东的行动YP5ax+4(6DCoG%w+|

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我是克里斯多夫·克鲁斯YAry0[w%==

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重点单词
  • peninsulan. 半岛
  • proposaln. 求婚,提议,建议
  • effectiveadj. 有效的,有影响的
  • documentn. 文件,公文,文档 vt. 记载,(用文件等)证明
  • instituten. 学会,学院,协会 vt. 创立,开始,制定
  • threatenv. 威胁,恐吓
  • conductn. 行为,举动,品行 v. 引导,指挥,管理 vt.
  • limitedadj. 有限的,被限制的 动词limit的过去式和过去
  • cooperationn. 合作,协作
  • settlev. 安顿,解决,定居 n. 有背的长凳