VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):大麻在华盛顿特区和俄勒冈州合法化
日期:2014-11-07 09:00

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Voters in Washington, D.C. and the northwestern state of Oregon have approved measures to make marijuana legal. The victories for lawful use of the drug were among separate initiatives on ballots throughout the country.

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Also Tuesday, voters chose one-third of the Senate and more than half of the nation's state governors.

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Initiatives give voters a chance to decide on issues such as whether governments should borrow money to build roads and schools. They may also offer voters a choice about whether a state should amend its laws on same-sex marriages or ending pregnancies.

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Oregon's measure will permit adults to buy and possess marijuana. Nearby Washington State and Colorado set up similar systems last year.

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The initiative in Washington, D.C. -- the United States capital -- lets people age 21 and older possess and grow marijuana. But they cannot buy it. Congress must review the law before it can go into effect.

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In the southeastern state of Florida, voters rejected a proposal to make marijuana legal for medical purposes. Medical marijuana is legal in 23 other states.

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The ballot in Washington State Tuesday had two competing questions about gun control. Voters approved one measure that will increase required background checks for gun sales. Background checks are meant to prevent people with criminal records from having guns. They will include those done online and at gun shows.

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Workers in several states will soon have higher wages. Voters in Nebraska and Arkansas voted to raise the least amount of money a person can earn in one hour. Nebraska workers will get $8 per hour. Arkansas workers will receive $7.50.

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I'm Christopher Cruise.

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文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载HiawjA8MxC;w]N

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词汇解释

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1.marijuana n. 大麻;大麻毒品

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He was switched on after smoking some marijuana.
吸了几口大麻后,他兴奋起来了MSNUeUaUL,U[!)91F]

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2.pregnancy n. 怀孕;丰富,多产;意义深长

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It would be wiser to cut out all alcohol during pregnancy.
怀孕期间最好完全戒酒3qD.Qv|T9;~g+OM|2Xs

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3.amend vt. 修改;改善,改进 vi. 改正,改善;改过自新

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The president agreed to amend the constitution and allow multi-party elections.
总统同意了修正宪法并且允许多党选举~LFdJR;Cwh!o,,[2

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内容解析

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1.Congress must review the law before it can go into effect.

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go into effect 生效

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These Provisions shall go into effect on February 1,1984.
第十一条本规定从一九八四年二月一日起实施*E[hF&T)3c=!2W7ZNIh

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As a result, the Geneva settlement on Laos never went into effect.
结果,日内瓦会议关于老挝问题的解决办法始终没有真正生效)#qz&rz=XNq

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参考译文

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华盛顿特区和西北部的俄勒冈州选民通过大麻合法化的措施,大麻药物合法化是全国经过投票表决的几个提议之一Ri~QsAr=7*t(KIGW

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周二,选民们选出三分之一的参议院和该国一半以上的州长a2wxYVcGv1@h-k7n2;

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提议给选民决定一些事务,诸如政府是否应该借钱来修建道路和学校,提议还给选民决定一个州是否应该修改同性恋法或堕胎法的机会653(^^,8dUKa(=Y,

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俄勒冈州的措施将允许成年人购买和拥有大麻,附近的华盛顿州和科罗拉多州去年都设置了类似的制度si.gx&nvsQ4;uhd

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美国首都华盛顿特区的这一提议允许年龄在21岁以上的成年人拥有并种植大麻,但他们不能购买大麻n0!5)Th[hr*KqPFM。国会必须在该法实施之前进行审查3%KI#ayB[HZCj

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在东南部的佛罗里达州,选民们否决了一项允许大麻医用合法化的提议,医用大麻已在另外23个州合法化=-EjuCp*6oDcom

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周二,华盛顿州的投票涉及与枪控有关的两个相对立的问题,选民们通过了一项要求加强对强制购买进行必备的背景检查的措施,背景检查意味着预防有犯罪记录的人获得枪支,其中包括网上购买和在枪支展销会购买zKK!&aJ![&5+2ya%oV+M

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几个州的工人将很快加薪,内布拉斯加州和阿肯色州选民通过了提高工人最低时薪的提议,内布拉斯加州工人的时薪将为8美元,阿肯色州工人时薪将为7.5美元dW#HspgYkA+c

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重点单词
  • criminaladj. 犯罪的,刑事的,违法的 n. 罪犯
  • possessvt. 持有,支配
  • legaladj. 法律的,合法的,法定的
  • constitutionn. 组织,宪法,体格
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • amendv. 修正,改进
  • initiativeadj. 创始的,初步的,自发的 n. 第一步,首创精神
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • proposaln. 求婚,提议,建议
  • pregnancyn. 怀孕