VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国及盟国能否摧毁伊斯兰国
日期:2014-09-07 07:28

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

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This week, Islamic State militants released a video showing the execution of an American journalist. Steven Sotloff was captured in Syria in August of last year. He worked for Time and Foreign Policy magazines.

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His death and the earlier execution of another American journalist, James Foley, have angered many people in the United States. President Barack Obama says the "horrific" killing of Steven Sotloff will unite the country and strengthen its resolve in dealing with terrorists. The president spoke on Wednesday during a visit to Estonia. He said the United States plans to build a coalition to, in his words, "degrade and destroy" the Islamic State militants.

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"We will not be intimidated. Their horrific acts only unite us as a country and stiffen our resolve to take the fight against these terrorists."

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Steven Sotloff was from the state of Florida. The state's governor, Rick Scott, halted a political campaign event to announce the reporter's death and condemn those responsible.

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"The people who did this are evil. They are not merely wrong. They are not adversaries. They are evil."

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Members of the U.S. Congress have expressed concern about the threat from Islamic State militants. Some members are demanding intensive air attacks. Senator Ted Cruz of Texas is likely to seek the presidential nomination of the Republican Party in 2016. Senator Cruz spoke to a political gathering a few days ago. He denounced the group known as the Islamic State, also called ISIS.

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"Well, ISIS says they want to go back and reject modernity. Well, I think we should help them. We ought to bomb them back to the Stone Age."

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But other lawmakers appear willing to give the Obama administration more time to develop a plan for dealing with the Islamic State. Washington Congressman Adam Smith is a member of Mr. Obama's Democratic Party. He appeared on the CBS television program "Face the Nation."

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"It takes time to build a coalition. We can't simply bomb first and ask questions later. We have to have the right targets and the right support in order to be effective in stopping ISIS."

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There have been few public opinion surveys about the threat from the militants and what the United States should do about it.

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One recent poll taken before the murder of Steven Sotloff found Americans divided on the question of whether to intervene in Iraq.

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Karlyn Bowman studies U.S. public opinion at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington, D.C. She says many Americans are likely to see the Islamic State as a threat worthy of some form of military action.

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However, public support is not likely to extend to the use of U.S. ground troops, says John Mueller of Ohio State University.

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The American public will have many chances to express itself in the weeks to come. Congress returns to Washington next week.

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How the United States should react to the Islamic State is likely to be a major issue. Some lawmakers are already urging the president to seek congressional approval before launching a wider military campaign against the group.

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And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Christopher Cruise.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载r[Dqo8AdADJRBn%qR

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词汇学习

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1.release vt. 发布

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They're not releasing any more details yet...
他们还未公布更多细节W9MF^QZOfknq&

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2.degrade v. 降低,贬低;(使)降解

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You degrade yourself when you tell a lie.
说谎会贬低自己的身分L^1;jKU)Mq.edMRG

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3.intimidate vt. 恐吓,威胁

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I never intimidate ordinary folks. I only intimidate those venal officials.
我从来不吓唬老百姓,只吓唬那些贪官污吏NOUn))C;]k

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4.denounce vt. 公开指责;正式指控

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Ministers took the floor to denounce the decision to suspend constitutional rule.
几位部长发言谴责暂停宪制的决定GHO1j*d;a94

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5.reject vt. 拒绝

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The plan was rejected.
该计划遭拒绝.pe[fxKQhl!;JI

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6.effective adj. 有效的;起作用的

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When does the new system become effective?
新制度何时生效?

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内容解析

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1.We ought to bomb them back to the Stone Age.

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ought to应当,应该

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I think you ought to give football a rest for a time.
我认为你应该暂时停止踢足球C.(5gG,]jGQd5.%zbQ@t

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2.She says many Americans are likely to see the Islamic State as a threat worthy of some form of military action.

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worthy of值得的,应得的

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Their efforts are worthy of your support.
他们这样努力应得到你的支持E8XB4J%qHvS;

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3.How the United States should react to the Islamic State is likely to be a major issue.

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react to对…作出反应

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They did not react to this provocation.
他们对这一挑衅未作反应)(9&p2Ak-5m

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻qgrb8Y&fIV

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本周,伊斯兰国激进分子发布了一段视频,显示处决一名美国记者的画面kWkwD#04km!ReT@。史蒂芬·索特洛夫(Steven Sotloff)于去年八月份在叙利亚被俘=D*[V#0|@Pw~KfD。他为《时代》和《外交政策》杂志工作c2Ib)WXM7D

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他的死亡和早些时候另外一美国记者詹姆斯·福莱(Steven Sotloff)被处决触怒了美国许多人,w~tjZ5xDy=r!I%qn5;。奥巴马总统表示,史蒂芬·索特洛夫(Steven

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Sotloff)被残忍杀害促使全国团结起来,增强了打击恐怖分子的信心cY!2ZlMul&-4FD。周三,奥巴马总统访问爱沙尼亚期间发表讲话s,CEI-[.ys,8x-juw!。他表示,美国计划组建联盟,“瓦解和摧毁”伊斯兰国激进分子o-ZAyrFC9e+PGY6LP

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“我们不会被恐吓t-Us.v=DI(yGHf|A_oYl。他们的恐怖行为只会让我们整个国家团结起来,增强我们打击恐怖分子的决心IC3gbi-HgtmfJqE。”

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史蒂芬·索特洛夫(Steven Sotloff)来自佛罗里达州Q]ik^Sy&ncOm]MlsqKl。该州州长斯格特(Rick Scott)停止了一场政治竞选活动,宣布这位记者的死讯,并谴责了暴徒FWZe0L.a[XR~rDmz

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“实施这些暴行的人就是魔鬼ea+KqyhCK%Y。他们不仅仅是错了,不仅仅是敌人|ATsswQ~jHchj1BTm。他们是魔鬼@cL5!m_Wrv!。”

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美国国会成员曾表示担忧伊斯兰国激进分子造成的威胁mej4jC,DmipiI3~ctK。一些成员要求实施密集的空袭lk8.2etwpJd]Io23Bu%。德克萨斯州参议员Ted Cruz可能寻求被共和党人提名为2016年总统候选人5lk#p&_U8X。参议员Ted Cruz几天前在一场政治聚会上发表讲话=,7I0kTuq(5H7Y-。他谴责了伊斯兰国激进组织,也叫做ISIS;,CDBIJkY-

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“ISIS宣称他们想要回到过去,拒绝现代化Q.kJ~aH#favPJj.po4E。好的,我认为我们应该帮助他们[~@fYV@[mga。我们应该把他们炸回石器时代bazS0b6h(@Db#We5D。”

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但是其他议员似乎愿意给奥巴马政府更多时间来制定打击伊斯兰国的计划sDN0.E1!3Z。华盛顿议员Adam Smith是奥巴马民主党成员n(@E0)O8WP。他参加了CBS电视台的《面向全国》节目Is;aRv*qk*gJ6!

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“要打造联盟需要时间M&g+A;0;~-Ee#(Nf。我们不能简单地先轰炸再提问wNWkp(oA]ZxK!HG.,。为了有效地制止ISIS,我们必须有正确的目标,正确的支持G62(kM*rxr。”

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关于伊斯兰国激进分子造成的威胁,以及美国应该如何应对已经进行了一些民意调查NP&X],.P(Z,_。史蒂芬·索特洛夫被杀害之前最新的一次民意调查发现美国人关于是否应该干预伊拉克事务意见不一VJ(eMEp=oz+WtG@j

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Karlyn Bowman在华盛顿特区美国企业研究所研究美国民意dTIUS17yN05r&]@iqbJG。她表示,许多美国人可能认为伊斯兰国造成巨大的威胁,值得美国采取一些军事行动);ag.])3Cr!

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然而,公共支持不会拓展至允许美国派遣军队rm7z&Jb7;h8cSdHE6J=q。俄亥俄州立大学的John Mueller表示#m#kRm=Yp2n1VuO1iMl

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未来几周,美国公众将有很多机会表达自己的看法8-ubgKz~6xRPOzwrn|qP。下周国会将重返华盛顿vq9W5.AKSXREX。美国如何应对伊斯兰国将成为重大议题y&Vn.2t3UcV.。一些议员已经在敦促总统对该组织发动更广泛的军事行动时寻求国会批准9iIpc+eZnIOjIS&0

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目hR~LW2fwbSVQ。我是Christopher Cruises_Cmj91aRVwa%PUn

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • provocationn. 激怒,刺激,挑拨,挑衅的事物,激怒的原因
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • approvaln. 批准,认可,同意,赞同
  • enterprisen. 企业,事业,谋划,进取心
  • effectiveadj. 有效的,有影响的
  • reactvt. 作出反应 vi. 起反应,起作用,反攻
  • denouncev. 告发,公然抨击
  • extendv. 扩充,延伸,伸展,扩展
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • executionn. 执行,实施,处决 n. 技巧,表演,演奏,杀