From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.
The United States is seeking to build an international alliance to stop the threat from Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria. The State Department announced this week that U.S. officials are working to put together a coalition of countries from Europe, the Arab world and other areas. The Department's Jen Psaki says these nations could work jointly against the militants in a number of ways.
"There's humanitarian, military, intelligence, diplomatic, and we know this is an effort that is going to require a significant focus and ‘all hands on deck' – not just the United States, but a range of countries."
The United States has begun flying military aircraft over Syria to watch Islamic State fighters. The Sunni Muslim extremists executed American reporter James Foley earlier this month.
Since then, there have been mixed messages coming out of Washington about whether Islamic State militants could attack the United States. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel has called the group, an "imminent threat." South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham warned that the militants are willing and able to "hit the homeland." But are these threats overstated?
At least one terrorism expert has noted stronger ties between the Islamic State and the group called al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula. Max Abrahms teaches at Northeastern University in Massachusetts. He says al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula may be smaller than the Islamic State, but he thinks it is better at making bombs. He says the concern is that the IS militants may be influenced by the al-Qaida group and then strike Western countries.
But other experts believe it is too soon to talk about threats to the U.S. "homeland." Daniel Benjamin formerly served as the State Department's anti-terrorism coordinator during the presidency of Bill Clinton.
"At this point, this group is overwhelmingly an insurgent group focused on holding territory in Iraq, in killing Shi'a and in stoking the sectarian conflict in that region."
Daniel Benjamin says the Islamic State has no experience with what he calls "out-of-the-area attacks." He adds that such attacks are much more difficult to carry out than most people realize.
"It takes a great deal of training and practice and expertise. It takes people who understand how to deal with masking their identities, with exercising a great deal of communications security and other aspects of operational security."
He also says the United States has time to develop a long-term plan for containing and limiting the ability of Islamic State fighters.
The U.S. military has helped Iraqi and Kurdish forces regain territory captured by the fighters. The military also has increased airstrikes against the IS forces in Iraq.
For days, U.S. officials have talked about expanding the airstrikes to Syria. It appears, however, that such action may be delayed. On Thursday, President Barack Obama told reporters that he is still developing a plan to deal with the militants.
The government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has said it welcomes U.S. help with the Islamic State. But Syria has warned that bombing IS targets without its permission would represent an "act of aggression."
The Obama administration rejected the idea that it is cooperating with the Assad government. Syrian rebels have been fighting government forces for more than three years. The United Nations says more than 191,000 people have been killed since the conflict began.
And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Mario Ritter.
1.jointly adv. 共同地，联合地
To settle similar disputes, we proposed later that such places be exploited jointly.
2.significant adj. 重要的；有意义的
Today's Security Council resolution will be a significant success for American diplomacy.
3.execute vt. 执行，将…处死
He was executed by lethal injection earlier today...
4.overstate vt. 夸大（某事）
It is possible to overstate the benefits of stabilization.
5.overwhelmingly adv. 压倒地
None of the other ideas seems overwhelmingly be convincing.
6.reject vt. 拒绝；抛弃
I would like to emphasize that civilized society in the world of today should reject firmly any cult in any form.
1.The State Department announced this week that U.S. officials are working to put together a coalition of countries from Europe, the Arab world and other areas.
It will be able to put together a governing coalition...
2.There's humanitarian, military, intelligence, diplomatic, and we know this is an effort that is going to require a significant focus and ‘all hands on deck'.
all hands on deck所有人手就位
If it's all hands on deck, what are you doing behind the tape?
3.He adds that such attacks are much more difficult to carry out than most people realize.
The Navy is to carry out an examination of the wreck tomorrow.
美国正试图打造国际联盟，制止来自伊拉克和叙利亚的伊斯兰国激进分子威胁。国务院本周宣布，美国官员正努力将来自欧洲，阿拉伯世界和其他地区的国家联合起来 。美国国务院发言人珍妮·帕萨基(Jen Psaki)表示，这些国家将联合起来，以几个途径一致反对激进分子 。
美国已经开始派遣军用飞机在叙利亚上空巡逻，监视伊斯兰国战士。这些逊尼派穆斯林极端分子本月初处决了美国记者James Foley 。
自那时起，华盛顿有不同的消息传出，讨论伊斯兰国激进分子是否会袭击美国。国防部长查克·黑格尔(Chuck Hagel)称该组织是“迫在眉睫的威胁” 。南卡罗来纳州参议员葛兰姆(Lindsey Graham)警告称，这些激进分子愿意，也有能力“袭击美国本土 。”但这些威胁是否夸大其辞？
至少一名恐怖主义专家已经指出伊斯兰国和阿拉伯半岛的基地组织之间的联系越来越强。Max Abrahms在麻萨诸塞州东北大学任教 。他表示，阿拉伯半岛的基地组织或许比伊斯兰国的规模小，但是他认为基地组织更擅长制造炸弹 。他表示，最令人担忧的是伊斯兰国激进分子受到基地组织的影响，袭击西方国家 。
但是其他专家相信现在讨论该组织对美国“本土”的威胁还为时过早。Daniel Benjamin在比尔·克林顿总统时期曾担任国务院反恐协调员 。
Daniel Benjamin表示，伊斯兰国在“该地区以外的袭击”方面毫无经验。他补充说，这样的袭击比大部分人认为的更难以实施 。
连日来，美国官员一直在讨论将空袭范围扩大至叙利亚的问题。然而，行动似乎会被拖迟 。周四，奥巴马总统告诉记者，他仍然在制定应对这些激进分子的计划 。
奥巴马政府拒绝了与阿萨德政府合作的提议。叙利亚叛军与政府军作战已经超过三年的时间 。联合国表示，自冲突开始以来，已有超过191,000人遇难 。