VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):伊拉克新任总理阿巴迪上台
日期:2014-08-17 07:20

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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Nouri al-Maliki said Thursday that he would leave his position as prime minister of Iraq. His decision opened the way for Haider Jawad al-Abadi to take Mr. Maliki's place.

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Former colleagues describe Mr. Abadi as a good speaker and a direct person who is open to the ideas of others. He will need strong qualities. Among the issues facing the new prime minister are extremist militancy, religious division and political disputes.

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The man now responsible for leading Iraq out of crisis was born in Baghdad. But he has lived much of his life outside the country. For example, he worked in Britain as an advisor in the engineering industry until the United States invaded Iraq in 2003.

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His family suffered under the rule of Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. Saddam's government arrested two of Mr. Abadi's brothers in 1980 for their association with the Dawa Party and executed them two years later. In 1981, the government arrested a third brother for the same reason. That brother survived. But he spent 10 years in prison.

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Mr. Abadi also was involved in the Dawa Party while in London. He served as an active party leader in exile.

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He returned home to enter politics after Saddam was ousted from leadership. As communications minister, Mr.Abadi rebuilt telephone systems that had been destroyed by war. He also brought the first mobile and Internet communications services into the country.

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In 2005, he was elected to Parliament, then re-elected in March, 2010. Last year, he led the finance committee. The committee's responsibility is to rebuild the Iraqi budget.

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More recently Haider Jawad al-Abadi served as deputy speaker of Parliament. The country held parliamentary elections in April. Mr. Maliki's coalition unexpectedly won a majority of the seats. His coalition is called "State of Law." On July 24, the new Parliament chose Fuad Masoum, a Kurd, as Iraq's new president.

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The Constitution gives the president two weeks to choose a prime minister. That top official must come from Parliament's largest group.

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So Nouri al-Maliki felt sure that he would serve a third term. But he has lost political support since his last appointment. Many blame him for the religious divisions in Iraq. He also is accused of widespread corruption. And critics say he has permitted the growth in power of Islamic militants who have seized much of the country's north and west.

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Mr. Masoum twice extended the deadline – the time by which a prime minister must be named. Mr. Maliki broadcast a threat to take legal action against Mr. Masoum. On August 11, Mr. Masoum named Mr. Abadi to the top office.

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In recent days, Mr. Abadi has promised to fight corruption and protect all Iraqis. He called on citizens to forget their differences and unite toward common goals for the future. He promised that Mr. Maliki would continue as an important political partner. And he praised the former leader for his efforts to deal with terrorism.

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Haider Jawad al-Abadi also promised to rebuild and retrain Iraq's army so it can defeat Islamic militants.

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From VOA Learning English, that's IN THE NEWS.

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VOA慢速文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载f5.6u+i+3ULi1-Q%SS

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词汇学习

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1.division n. 分裂

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The narrowness of the government's victory reflected deep division within the Party.
政府的勉强获胜反映了党内的严重分歧ejyxs-ddGW.0Ht2

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2.execute v. 实施;将…处死

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One group claimed to have executed the American hostage...
一个组织声称已经处决了那名美国人质|-ox--l&kxL8eG!wlvH=

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3.oust vt. 驱逐,罢黜

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The president has gone along with the hardliners lest they be tempted to oust him.
总统同意了强硬派的意见,以免他们产生赶他下台的念头3cggj4a91Jd+Dlh^

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4.unexpectedly adv. 未料到地,意外地

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The desire to be a mother may creep up on you unexpectedly.
你会不知不觉地产生想当母亲的渴望&vytV(vFRM

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5.appointment n. 约会;任命

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His appointment to the Cabinet would please the right-wing.
他被任命为内阁成员会让右翼党派很高兴cA8=C!j,3GeBLK

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内容解析

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1.His decision opened the way for Haider Jawad al-Abadi to take Mr. Maliki's place.

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open the way for为…开辟途径

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The decision could open the way for other children to sue their parents.
这项判决可能会为其他孩子起诉他们的父母开辟一条通道EJwh81CvE%Ol

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2.And he praised the former leader for his efforts to deal with terrorism.

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deal with处理

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The President said the agreement would allow other vital problems to be dealt with.
总统说这项协议将能使其他关键问题得到解决)Wb^dEaTq9w@Q1@oe;

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参考翻译

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻I]!x3qg_F-d1uLv|;

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周四,努里·马利基(Nouri Maliki)表示他将辞去伊拉克总理一职IZ2pfW!!P)0L。他的决定为海德尔·阿巴迪(Haider al-Abadi)的上台开辟了道路#ev1eV20-!,Wgchd[P

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以前的同事描述阿巴迪为优秀的议长和从善如流的坦率的人=5+%d9yo2~gg&。他将需要更加强硬的手腕%3lq=@sr_zewZ2IR*GR。这位新总理将面临极端分子活动,宗教分裂和政治争端等一系列问题9[bxAktfO9ofa4h7

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这位现在负责领导伊拉克走出危机的人出生在巴格达15+@).GO_5_-08。但是他的大半生都在国外度过9fpu[%rme4f。例如,他曾在英国工程界担任顾问,直到2003年美国入侵伊拉克8Z62CUytK7b_;ymeG

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他的家人饱受伊拉克独裁者萨达姆·侯赛因统治时的痛苦jbi9(Q5pgLGvLH|。1980年,萨达姆政府因与达瓦党的关系逮捕了阿巴迪的两个兄弟,并于两年后将他们处决KgrGRnU=9o&#@-DpN。1981年,政府因同样的原因逮捕了他的第三位兄弟IP2!GkX45fLGk。不过这位兄弟得以幸存,但是也服刑10年.2.^.e]J-(1]kH1

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阿巴迪在伦敦时也参加了达瓦党,是一位逃亡的积极的党派领导iU_x5icnf3-d

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萨达姆被推翻后,阿巴迪回国进入政坛D@=cqeNYCebeb。作为通讯部长,阿巴迪重建了被战争损坏的电话系统lojGfU],@m。他还为伊拉克引入了首项移动和互联网通讯服务8gzncR4cR6vtyF

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2005年,他当选议会成员,后来于2010年3月再次当选C&7-0p6Qh!h8。去年,他领导财政委员会eW,C#,%.AS]cj;IZ5^U。该委员会的职责是重整伊拉克预算z+*b=c.J@F5[V&

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最近,他担任议会副议长W=ZhXr]a2f=4JdG。国家于4月份举行了议会选举y^s51(39j&AZ~JAs。马利基联盟意外地赢得了大多数席位I~7BaR2ezx%j。他的联盟被称为“法律国家联盟”hrIbjj]Z*@bGI[RE。7月24日,新议会选举库尔德人马苏姆(Fuad Masoum)担任伊拉克新总统%](BsL+_(;g,oS0

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宪法给予总统两周的时间来选择总理rX@LQw9x^8U。该高级官员必须来自议会最大的团体T96HwWBzF]Mq1S,

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所以马利基确信他将继续第三任期G85p5%CJ1Eef8~。但是自上次任命以来他失去了政治支持4[0N(KBdyLL~f#x。许多人指责他引起伊拉克宗教分裂L,gTk.LdCON1pB!p。他还被指控造成猖獗的腐败现象#4jv*&8q9l]AQ。批评家表示,他允许伊斯兰激进分子的势力不断扩大,占领了北部和西部大部分地区2MZ7;fTS0^mI

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马苏姆(Fuad Masoum)两次延长提名总理的最后期限I^R]okT*T!CQge。马利基威胁对马苏姆提起法律诉讼fW;gTQxhY5TS)irF3rc%。8月11日,马苏姆任命阿巴迪领导内阁xLh9=+)Emv3R

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近日来,阿巴迪承诺打击腐败,保护所有伊拉克人i8c06EHwL3kE。他呼吁公民们抛开分歧,为将来共同的目标团结起来ai!xKH6TkB7_EO_[u。他承诺,马利基仍将是重要的政治合作伙伴;+XuIwiWx1。他赞扬了这位前领导人在处理恐怖主义方面做出的努力tJUzcONev)|

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阿巴迪还承诺重建伊拉克军队,以便打击伊斯兰激进分子dOuRiOse-BJ!FOJ9w|

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目sKHs*!k~~NOujj~;

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污
  • unexpectedlyadv. 未料到地,意外地
  • constitutionn. 组织,宪法,体格
  • vitaladj. 至关重要的,生死攸关的,有活力的,致命的
  • widespreadadj. 分布(或散布)广的,普遍的
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮
  • deputyadj. 代理的,副的 n. 代表,副手
  • describevt. 描述,画(尤指几何图形),说成
  • defeatn. 败北,挫败 vt. 战胜,击败
  • blamen. 过失,责备 vt. 把 ... 归咎于,责备