VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国飞机袭击伊拉克伊斯兰武装分子
日期:2014-08-10 06:28

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

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The United States military bombed Islamic State militants in northern Iraq on Friday. A Defense Department official said U.S.airplanes dropped laser-guided bombs on militant artillery positions near the city of Irbil. The Islamists reportedly had used the artillery against Iraqi Kurdish forces defending the city.

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On Thursday, President Barack Obama ordered the U.S. military to carry out "targeted airstrikes" against the militants. The Islamic State was formerly known as ISIL -- the Islamic State of Syria and the Levant.

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The president said the military operation is part of a combined effort to support Kurdish forces in the north. Another goal,he said, is to provide humanitarian aid to Iraqi civilians threatened by militant action.

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"Today I authorized two operations in Iraq: targeted air strikes to protect our American personnel, and a humanitarian effort to help save thousands of Iraqi civilians who are trapped on a mountain without food and water and facing almost certain death."

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Humanitarian Crisis

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Mr. Obama spoke hours after U.S. aircraft dropped humanitarian aid on Iraq's Mount Sinjar. Thousands of displaced Iraqis have been living there for days without food, water or shelter. They fled up the mountain to escape from the Islamic State militants.

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The refugees are mainly Christians or members of the Yazidi religious group. The militants are Sunni Muslims. They have threatened to kill non-Muslims if they reject Islam's teachings. They are also carrying out attacks on Muslims who are not Sunnis.

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President Obama says the United States should act if it has the ability to avoid a humanitarian crisis.

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"We can act carefully and responsibly to prevent a potential act of genocide. That's what we're doing on that mountain. I've therefore authorized targeted air strikes if necessary to help forces in Iraq as they fight to break the siege of Mount Sinjar and protect the civilians trapped there."

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The president ordered air strikes against ISIL vehicles if they moved toward Irbil. He also approved strikes anywhere else in Iraq where the militants threaten American personnel and property.

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On Friday, Britain expressed support for Mr. Obama's approval of air strikes. Defense Secretary Michael Fallon announced that his country would take part in the effort to aid Iraqi refugees.

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The air strikes this week represent the biggest use of American military force in Iraq since U.S. troops withdrew from the country in 2011. The Iraq War lasted more than eight years.

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President Obama said on Thursday that he would not send ground troops back to Iraq. His administration has faced public pressure to avoid new involvement in foreign conflicts.

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Militants Push Toward Kurdish Areas

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In recent days, Islamic State forces and other militants have made gains against Kurdish forces in northern Iraq. The United States has a diplomatic office and military advisors in Irbil. The militants defeated the Kurdish forces in several towns.

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The group also says it has taken control of a major dam on the Tigris River. This would give militants control of power and water that supplies Baghdad.

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Iraq Continues to Suffer from Political Problems

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Iraq's ability to answer the militant offensive has been slowed by a political leadership dispute. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has faced repeated calls to leave office. His group won the most seats in a national election earlier this year, but efforts to form a new government have failed.

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And that's In The News from VOA Learning English.

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I'm Christopher Cruise.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载pMB*)ts68q]

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词汇学习

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1.authorize vt. 授权,批准

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We are willing to authorize the president to use force if necessary.
我们愿意授权总统在必要的时候使用武力RnMU=iQ]DO9X

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2.reject vt. 拒绝;抛弃,扔掉;排斥

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We reject any suggestion that the law needs amending.
对于任何暗示该法律需要修改的观点我们都拒绝接受MEm,(p*uz@

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3.teaching n. 教义

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...the teachings of Jesus.
耶稣的教义

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4.approval n. 同意;批准

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A reformed party would have to win the approval of the people.
一个革新的政党需要赢得人民的认可[fvWTAqhgjSFPZ

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5.diplomatic adj. 外交上的;外交人员的

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My limited diplomatic skills were tested to the utmost.
我有限的外交手腕儿受到了极其严峻的考验dnMml6bPgh[@W

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内容解析

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1.They are also carrying out attacks on Muslims who are not Sunnis.

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carry out执行;进行

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The Navy is to carry out an examination of the wreck tomorrow.
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2.I've therefore authorized targeted air strikes if necessary to help forces in Iraq as they fight to break the siege of Mount Sinjar and protect the civilians trapped there.

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if necessary如必要的话

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They were ready to die, if necessary, for their country.
必要时,他们愿为国捐躯~s0JR*b52v5~)

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3.In recent days, Islamic State forces and other militants have made gains against Kurdish forces in northern Iraq.

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make gains取得进展

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One group may indeed make gains-while the rest of us take the losses.
某个群体确实可以从中获益,而其他所有的人则蒙受了损失3ltv#v*i.+a

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻d|hS1nWNb7v

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周五,美国军队轰炸了伊拉克北部伊斯兰国武装分子pJ[DcSbBBLQm。国防部一名官员表示,美国飞机向北部城市伊尔比尔附近武装炮火据点发射了激光制导炸弹9@U5PX+w~|。据报道,伊斯兰分子使用这些大炮袭击保卫这座城市的伊拉克库尔德力量0yZv7x9O4e=vT-G]f#Hl

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周四,奥巴马总统下令美国军队对激进分子实施“有针对性的空袭”55c0k~,olz。伊斯兰国以前称为ISIL伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国y.DhM&d3hKBOj+cji

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总统表示,该军事行动是支持北部库尔德力量的联合行动的一部分gbX_(lG8HMhX0。另外一个目标是为受到武装行动威胁的伊拉克平民提供人道主义援助&FNdXyNULV@k)@)

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“今天我授权在伊拉克采取两个行动:有针对性的空袭来保护我们的美国工作人员,以及人道主义救援,帮助那些被困在大山中,没有水和食物,只能面临死亡的数千名伊拉克平民xV|ksa4UBZFM。”

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人道主义危机

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美国飞机向伊拉克辛加山空投了人道主义救援物资之后几小时,奥巴马总统发表讲话cdueZ3&=29!%#F]3zb@。数千名无家可归的伊拉克人已经在这里逗留了多日,没有水,食物和庇护所;kAK|bd69qtzwv1。他们逃往山上,逃离伊斯兰国武装分子的迫害!!san2EEupU

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难民主要是基督徒或雅兹迪教派成员M9UjoVaCApwuo~@z。激进分子是逊尼派穆斯林iqA|6tIPra。他们威胁如果他们拒绝伊斯兰教义,将杀害非穆斯林教众i6oWYI&ce7g。他们还对非逊尼派穆斯林实施了袭击uvfq!!o&z%hJ+i5

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奥巴马总统表示,如果美国有能力避免一场人道主义危机,就应该采取行动jW=3A!_bb_cZvrbOs&p

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“我们应该谨慎负责地避免一场潜在的种族大屠杀kz).!_Q-K@ck8CmLuP。我们在山上的行动就是出于这个目的+*nNz;J_5X#O。我已经授权如果必要的话采取有针对性的袭击,帮助伊拉克力量打破辛加山的围困,保护被困的平民Y.,V.=I-0x+0;J。”

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奥巴马下令,如果ISIL车辆向伊尔比尔开进就发动空袭|R|LGUzcGl;4GS8。他还批准向伊拉克任何地方发动袭击,如果武装分子威胁到美国人员和财产|E[S9%1-^2_awwN[lhjU

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周五,英国表达了对奥巴马赞同空袭的支持n@^f].M09ck|8RD%X&^。国防大臣迈克尔·法伦(Michael Fallon)宣布,英国将参加援助伊拉克难民的工作3l8wW[|Gk0_02vRLZd

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本周的空袭代表了自2011年美国军队从伊拉克撤退后美国在伊拉克最大规模的军事行动vZ8x[u3F#2^。伊拉克战争持续了超过八年的时间%hPR&1s0Qkw87

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周四,奥巴马总统表示,他不会重新向伊拉克派遣作战部队|WX2hYh9Sv。他的政府面临着公众压力,避免重新卷入外国冲突C[uB~3z=)lf

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武装分子向库尔德地区推进

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近日,伊斯兰国力量和其他武装分子在对抗伊拉克北部库尔德力量的战争中取得胜利dL*C,2N^y]aHd19-zoe。美国在伊尔比尔地区设有外交办公室和军事顾问!lhN%ds6ORN](&QXD0v。武装分子在几个城镇击败了库尔德力量~k3*_Jvn#7#C,rWy!Lg。该组织还宣称他们控制了底格里斯河上一个主要的大坝pts.J.457=(6QTKyn6mw。这将使得武装分子控制供应巴格达的电力和水力Wp[6B8I7pe

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伊拉克继续面临政治问题

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伊拉克应对武装分子袭击的能力受到政治领导争端的阻滞aevBARP1v-2@t。总理马利基多次面临下台的呼声;[N(2^@O@dla8,_2。在今年年初的全国选举中,他的党派赢得了大部分席位,但是组建新政府的努力以失败告终XG1h1L.;3nRtY,[

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目%zzvEz^sh92,dj

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我是Christopher CruisevVg-)^W+XE

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • escapev. 逃跑,逃脱,避开 n. 逃跑,逃脱,(逃避)方法、
  • involvementn. 包含,缠绕,混乱,复杂的情况
  • avoidvt. 避免,逃避
  • diplomaticadj. 外交的,古字体的,老练的
  • sheltern. 庇护所,避难所,庇护 v. 庇护,保护,隐匿
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • damn. 水坝,堤,障碍物 vt. 筑坝,抑制(情感等)
  • willingadj. 愿意的,心甘情愿的
  • limitedadj. 有限的,被限制的 动词limit的过去式和过去
  • certainadj. 确定的,必然的,特定的 pron. 某几个,某