Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stores.
A nickname is a shortened form of a person's name. A nickname can also be a descriptive name for a person, place or thing.
America's 50 states have some of the most historically interesting nicknames.
Alabama is known as the "Heart of Dixie" because it is in the very middle of a group of states in the Deep South. Dixie itself is a nickname for the American South. It started when Louisiana printed notes with the French word for "ten" on them. "Deece," or D-I-X, led to "Dixie."
Way up north, Alaska is called the "Last Frontier" for understandable reasons. Near the Arctic Circle, it was the final part of the nation to be explored and settled.
Arizona is the "Grand Canyon State" because of the famous winding canyon carved by the Colorado River. The southern state of Arkansas is the "Land of Opportunity." The state legislature chose this nickname. Arkansas is rich in natural resources and has become a favorite place for older people to retire.
In a popular Spanish book, a fictional island called "California" was filled with gold. Sure enough, plenty of it was discovered in the real California, in 1848. This started a gold rush unlike any other in American history in the "Golden State."
You would think Colorado would be known as the "Rocky Mountain State." But its nickname is the "Centennial State." That is because it became a state in 1876, exactly 100 years after the nation declared its independence.
Connecticut is called the "Nutmeg State" after a spice. Connecticut Yankees, as people in this northeast state are called, are known to be smart in business. So smart that it was said they could sell wooden, meaning false, nutmegs to strangers.
Little Delaware is called the "First State" because it was the first state -- the first to approve the new United States Constitution.
The southern state of Florida likes to tell about its sunny days and fine beaches. So Florida is the "Sunshine State." Florida's neighbor to the north grows some of the sweetest fruit in America. So Georgia is the "Peach State."
Hawaii, far out in the Pacific Ocean, is the "Aloha State." That is the friendly greeting that means both "hello" and "goodbye" in the native Hawaiian language. So, aloha for now.
Next week we will tell you about the nicknames of more American states.
1.nickname n. 绰号；昵称 vt. 给……取绰号；叫错名字
Red got his nickname for his red hair.
2.winding n. 绕，缠；线圈；弯曲 adj. 弯曲的，蜿蜒的；卷绕的
The winding trail caused us to lose our orientation.
3.spice n. 香料；情趣；调味品；少许 vt. 加香料于…；使…增添趣味
They spiced their conversations and discussions with intrigue.
1.It started when Louisiana printed notes with the French word for "ten" on them. "Deece," or D-I-X, led to "Dixie."
lead to 导致；通向
The street leads to the supermarket.
He led us to a museum.
阿拉巴马州被称为美国“南部各州的中心”，因为这里地处美国最南部各州的正中心。Dixie本身是美国南部各州的别名 。当初路易斯安那州印票据时，将法语中表示10的单词Deece(或D-I-X)印到票据上，这样就演变成了Dixie这个词 。
亚利桑那州被称为“大峡谷州”，坐落着著名的由科罗拉多河雕刻成的蜿蜒峡谷。南部的阿肯色州被称为机遇之乡 。该州的立法机关选择了这个别名 。阿肯色州自然资源丰富，已成为老年人退休的最佳选择 。
在一本流行的西班牙书中，一个名叫California的虚拟岛屿满是黄金。1848年，人们果然在现实的加利福尼亚州发现了大量黄金 。从而这里就开始了美国历史上从未有过的淘金潮 。