VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):ISIL和伊拉克的未来在何处?
日期:2014-07-06 07:26

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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Sunni Muslim militants have been putting pressure on the Iraqi capital, Baghdad. Officials in both Baghdad and Washington are concerned about the militant group ISIL -- the Islamic State of Iraq and Levant. The recent successes of the group also are of concern to al-Qaida, its one-time ally.

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Western officials once thought of al-Qaida as the world's leading terror organization. Last winter, al-Qaida leaders disowned ISIL and its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, for refusing to obey orders. They criticized his goal of creating a borderless caliphate, or Islamic state, across parts of Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon.

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On Sunday, in an audio recording, ISIL declared itself an "Islamic State" without the words "Iraq and the Levant." The group named its chief as "the caliph," or head of state, and "leader for Muslims everywhere." After the announcement, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi asked all Muslims to move in and join the fighting in Iraq and Syria.

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The declaration of the caliphate is likely to intensify the dispute between ISIL and al-Qaida. Aaron Zelin is a Middle East expert. He wrote that, "The two groups are now in an open war for supremacy of the global jihadist movement." In his words,

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"ISIL holds an advantage, but the battle is not over yet." The Washington Institute for Near East Policy reported his comments.

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With its recent success in Iraq, ISIL has increased its standing among jihadi or Islamist groups worldwide.

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Ansar Bait al-Maqdis is a jihadist group based in the Sinai Peninsula. It has been supportive of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. The group claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing in Egypt earlier this year. The attack killed three South Koreans and injured more than 10 other people.

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In North Africa, Ansar al-Sharia groups have published pro-ISIL messages on the Internet. Jihadists in the Gaza Strip have also expressed support for the ISIL leader.

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Charles Lister is a visiting fellow with the Brookings Doha Center. He says the declaration of a caliphate by ISIL "poses a huge threat to al-Qaida and its long-time position of leadership of the international jihadist cause."

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In his words, "taken globally, the younger generation of the jihadist community is becoming more and more supportive of ISIL.

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We will very likely find ourselves in a dualistic position of having two competing international jihadist representatives --al-Qaida, with a now more locally-focused and gradual approach to success; and the Islamic State, with a hunger for rapid results and total hostility for competition."

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The pressure on Iraq's central government is more immediate. The government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has asked the United States for airstrikes against the ISIL without success. The Iraqis are now turning to Russia for help.

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Lukman Faily is the Iraqi ambassador to the U.S.

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He says "We have a need. There is a void. If the U.S. can't fill that void, whomever is available -- including Russia -- then they are welcome to fill that void."

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President Barack Obama is not taking any chances. On Monday, he announced he is sending more troops to Iraq to protect the U.S. embassy and the Baghdad airport. The troop deployment brought to nearly 800 the number of U.S. forces in Iraq.

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And that's In the News from VOA Learning English.

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I'm Christopher Cruise.

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VOA慢速英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载DrYidczBzS2Z4Ylv

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词汇学习

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1.disown vt. 断绝与…的关系

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The boy is so wicked that his father disown him.
这个孩子太顽劣了,所以他父亲和他脱离了父子关系*,KBKAj(G]IcG1&)L

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2.intensify vt.& vi.(使)增强,(使)加剧

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You must intensify your sense of responsibility.
你必须加强责任感k@oQH6L]le)Cd

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3.supremacy n. 至高无上;最高权力

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America's eventual supremacy has been predicated incessantly.
他们一再预言,美国终将称雄于世ghL5,r-S(P7J^#F2

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4.standing n. 地位

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He has improved his country's standing abroad...
他提高了自己国家的国际声望hhk[~kOid~((PF

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内容解析

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1.After the announcement, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi asked all Muslims to move in and join the fighting in Iraq and Syria.

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move in插手;涉足

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Police moved in to disperse the crowd...
警察开进来驱散人群X#WLShaw.hp.Qg;

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2.The Iraqis are now turning to Russia for help.

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turn to求助于

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They turn to the religious quarter for consolation.
他们转向宗教那里去寻安慰VMfQ(fScMa

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参考翻译

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻jIEzI=G+CMB3Ydd1

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逊尼派穆斯林激进分子不断向伊拉克首都巴格达施加压力qv*yK].Xfj0+gD。巴格达和华盛顿官员均对ISIL——伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国感到担忧8~Xgh(J+@~o0EduVFkE7。该组织最近取得的成功也引起了其曾经的盟友基地组织的担忧(1k_]9hs9q!)z]u

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西方官员曾经认为基地组织是世界最大的恐怖组织3Ehng+bRoc。去年冬季,基地组织以拒绝服从命令为由与ISIL及其头目阿布·巴克尔·巴格达迪(Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi)断绝了关系C&G(|[grl2+(|)dXV。他们批评了巴格达迪在伊拉克,叙利亚,约旦和黎巴嫩范围内建立无国界的伊斯兰国的目标B%!Jp7t,vcsyien

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周日,在一段录音中,ISIL宣布自己为“伊斯兰国”,而不再带有“伊拉克和黎凡特”的字样wTOEdAFQWjEP-qr。该组织把自己的领袖命名为“哈里发”,或者国家元首,“各地穆斯林的领袖”@Pm4wN6dSB(]V-G!=mx。宣布该决定之后,巴格达迪要求所有穆斯林行动起来,参加伊拉克和叙利亚的战争2G3)w%#.=(

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这位伊斯兰教主的宣布可能会加剧ISIL和基地组织之间的冲突JeiLQKO0]RRR。Aaron Zelin是一位中东问题专家aTA9_XBJkp)&^p_d-。他写道:“这两个组织现在已经进入争夺全球圣战运动最高权威的全面战争sM#o[43Y(qaQq8。”用他的话说,“ISIL掌握着优势地位,但是战争还没有结束(|5_s3t!qXVW~2。”华盛顿近东政策研究所报道了他的评论4VH3~%GAvwrP#KPi_UN

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最近在伊拉克不断取得胜利,ISIL在全世界圣战运动和伊斯兰组织中的地位得到提高GZID_(-UYCA

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艾马格迪斯是位于西奈半岛的一个圣战组织#Db-62.NS!h3。他们一直支持巴格达迪[EHtgP8e^Lzu。该组织宣称为今年年初埃及的自杀式爆炸袭击负责E2A2Uae9iA。该袭击造成3名韩国人死亡,超过10人受伤z;@n*^@1q;4+e[xk

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在朝鲜,艾马格迪斯在互联网上发表了支持ISIL的信息[joP8=omx&FZCTh[l#。加沙地带圣战分子也表达了对ISIL领袖的支持udcD)pqce]

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Charles Lister是布鲁克金多哈中心的访问学者.-sDhu3!RvxdJwj&LB。他表示,ISIL哈法里的宣布“向基地组织及其在全球圣战事业中的领导地位造成了巨大的威胁,o)[B,*]C2L)|Md1l7Q。”

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用他的话说,“在全球范围内,年轻一代的圣战分子越来越支持ISIL^#!QDF!J0tI^h。我们很可能发现自己处于两个国际圣战组织相竞争的二元世界——基地组织更针对当地,逐渐接近成功;而伊斯兰国急于快速取得成果,有意进行竞争Sm3Y@l0[FPN0z7hh。”

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伊拉克中央政府面临的压力更加直接EB]ekT-y7Z6~G)|*p。政府总理马利基请求美国对ISIL实施空袭,美国未答应该请求]K9yH[UEI4-F。伊拉克人现在向俄罗斯请求帮助y-55JDf#Pb2a7r

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卢克曼·法伊利(Lukman Faily)是伊拉克驻美国大使+oMHDom5cwfx!K6^@TK

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他表示,“我们有需求kf@=EFXi+W。该需求未得到满足ZpUwnBy#kqH=eO(dx-.。如果美国不能填补这个空白,无论是谁——包括俄罗斯,他们都非常欢迎他们来填补这个空白)vQZB^_CVSc+zxAR,RN^。”

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奥巴马总统不想冒任何风险4JzQZ751&Uy2lY9X,F。周一,他宣布向伊拉克派遣更多军队来保护美国大使馆和巴格达机场%HetC)#|b&&T)XF~T。这次军队部署将美国驻伊拉克军队人数增加到接近800人OX+&[%.NN~pKWl=M*j

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目%YHlSt*vdhXgngp;ZCX

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我是Christopher Cruise2P@mNY)I@G#qU

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • immediateadj. 立即的,即刻的,直接的,最接近的
  • announced宣布的
  • pressuren. 压力,压强,压迫 v. 施压
  • announcementn. 通知,发表,宣布
  • peninsulan. 半岛
  • baitn. 饵,引诱 vt. 嘲笑,纵犬攻击,以饵引诱,放饵
  • approachn. 接近; 途径,方法 v. 靠近,接近,动手处理
  • hostilityn. 敌意,敌对状态,公开战争
  • allyn. 同盟者,同盟国,伙伴 v. (使)结盟,(使)联合