VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥巴马向伊拉克派遣300名军事顾问
日期:2014-06-22 07:19

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

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President Barack Obama has announced a plan to help the Iraqi government stop unrest in the country. His plan is aimed at increasing intelligence-gathering and improving security in Iraq. It also includes sending up to 300 United States military advisers to support the government against Islamic militants.

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The president spoke to reporters at the White House on Thursday. He said the plan does not involve sending U.S. combat forces to Iraq.

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"American combat troops are not going to be fighting in Iraq again. We do not have the ability to simply solve this problem by sending in tens of thousands of troops and committing the kinds of blood and treasure that [have] already been expended in Iraq. Ultimately, this is something that is going to have to be solved by the Iraqis."

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Just two and one-half years ago, the president ordered the last U.S. ground troops in the Iraq war to leave the country. The order followed eight years of fighting.

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Recently, Mr. Obama has been considering what to do in Iraq because of Sunni Muslim militants. Militant fighters have taken control of major Iraqi cities and territory. A group called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is leading the offensive.

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In his speech, Mr. Obama made an appeal to Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. He urged Mr. Maliki, a Shi'ite, to rise above religious differences and make the government more inclusive.

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"Iraqi leaders must rise above their differences and come together around a political plan for Iraq's future. Shia, Sunni,Kurds, all Iraqi must have confidence that they can advance their interests and aspirations through the political process rather than violence."

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On Wednesday, U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden spoke with Mr. Maliki by telephone. Mr. Biden urged him to govern in what he called an "inclusive manner, promote stability and unity among Iraq's population, and address the legitimate needs of Iraq diverse communities."

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An American official told VOA the U.S. military has been ready to direct with several plans of action. The military has held back because of Iraq's political situation. The official said any military operation must be supported by political actions and goals that would help deal with the crisis.

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Sheik Nasser Bin Hamad Al-Khalifa is a former Qatari Ambassador to the United Nations and to the U.S. The Sheik offered his opinion on the political situation.

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He said "instead of really opening up Iraq and making it a model for the region, Maliki became beholden to the Iranians' strategic goals in the region, i.e. to dominate the whole Middle East and the Gulf," and "he created a sectarian state."

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On Friday, Iraqi troops continued fighting Islamic militants over control of a major oil refinery. Since Tuesday, the two sides have fought more than 200 kilometers north of Baghdad for control of the Beiji refinery. As of late Thursday, each side held part of the factory.

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In another development, the U.S. State Department confirmed that the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant has taken control of a chemical weapons center. A State Department official said the U.S. is "concerned about the seizure of any site by the ISIL." She added that the center likely does not contain chemical weapons of military value.

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And that's In The News from VOA Learning English.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载_wFKk(]la|~l2pCsW

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词汇学习

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1.ultimately adv. 最后地,终极地

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Ultimately, you'll have to make the decision yourself.
最终你还是得自己拿主意V*Bm-5^D&A9L~dgCx

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2.appeal n. 呼吁

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Romania's government issued a last-minute appeal to him to call off his trip.
罗马尼亚政府最后一刻恳请他取消行程+X|9DsYbjzGu

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3.advance vi.向前推(至下一步)

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Medical technology has advanced considerably...
医学技术突飞猛进8&kN~7!9B5V_(Mck

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4.legitimate adj. 合法的,合理的

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They had a legitimate grievance.
他们的抱怨是合乎情理的[sPrk*p*]|

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5.dominate v. 支配,控制,主宰

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They had the ambition to dominate this small country.
他们有控制这个小国的野心nAVV_!52]]Y

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内容解析

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1.His plan is aimed at increasing intelligence-gathering and improving security in Iraq.

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aim at针对;目的在于

They aim at quality rather than quantity.
他们的目的在于提高质量而不是增加数量[Ew|W(w*&R6eHGHXr&hu

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2.He urged Mr. Maliki, a Shi'ite, to rise above religious differences and make the government more inclusive.

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rise above克服;超然

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Surely we can rise above every difficulty.
我们一定能够排除万难D)^piuR7uf*FmDQiJbK

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Those books rise above the ordinary level.
这些书超出一般水平zzRn3OPtdo6oy@y

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3.He said "instead of really opening up Iraq and making it a model for the region, Maliki became beholden to the Iranians' strategic goals in the region.

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open up开辟;打开

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This new job could open up whole new vistas for her.
这项新工作可能给她开辟全新的前景|hY]4@9SF&N

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻i1!6.xx@L-V0HIE=

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奥巴马总统宣布了帮助伊拉克政府平息国内动荡的计划@X_YE!7,M#yth^p。他的计划旨在加强情报收集工作,改善伊拉克安全状况3PBa)9oE!xBOckkVO!Yu。计划还包括派遣300名美国军事顾问,支持伊拉克政府打击伊斯兰激进分子JE!6!z4nH&

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周四,奥巴马总统在白宫向记者发表讲话Q39SMTqP@1+al。他表示,他的计划并不包括向伊拉克派遣作战部队*kywzWIbgJ7T

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“美国作战部队不会重返伊拉克参加战斗ZPj[CVVcAk。我们没有能力通过派遣数万名士兵,通过抛洒热血和耗费无数资金来解决这个问题Bw5FR#_IG0ZeA。最终,这个问题必须由伊拉克人自己来解决T]w;_+o~YYs7Cauv。”

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就在两年半以前,奥巴马总统下令最后一批驻伊拉克地面部队撤退HCV5XEw1SgVJF+。奥巴马发出该命令之前,伊拉克战争已经持续了八年|AyhjV@s.9irMLhvP7p.

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最近,由于逊尼派穆斯林激进分子的活动,奥巴马总统正在考虑采取何种措施j_Yyp.,gHM@*V@1d.。激进分子战士已经控制了大部分伊拉克城市和领土&UVU|b8!wi36mhA5R_C。进攻由伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国领导BBf+|U(dMeK

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在讲话中,奥巴马总统向伊拉克总理马利基发出呼吁K4e7hMG^xJV,6tC。他敦促身为什叶派教徒的马利基超然于宗教分歧之上,使政府更加包容.9y8bFh;FYwv!d;k-d

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“伊拉克领导人必须克服宗教分歧,为伊拉克的未来制定出政治计划[]^BZy%XAwikuS。什叶派,逊尼派,库尔德人,所有伊拉克人必须有信心,他们一定能够通过政治渠道,而非暴力方式,来维护自己的利益和抱负XtL-9EAd6y&CFCr5。”

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周三,美国副总统拜登与马利基通电话Xq0pQE9.2*qF8M#jT。拜登敦促他以更加包容的态度来执政,促进伊拉克人口的稳定和团结,解决伊拉克不同群体的合法需求Wb[*3+xR!o6hQyzsdji

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一名美国官员告诉VOA,美国军队已经准备通过几套行动计划来提供指导DUyIKYRYb6-Sjwf#q。由于伊拉克的政治形势,军队已经撤退PLihQ5Zw=s7h。这名官员表示,任何军事行动都必须由能够帮助解决这场危机的政治行动和目标来支持a*lF0nhD7]Pd6rW0z+U

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谢赫·纳赛尔·本·哈马德·阿勒哈利法(Sheik Nasser Bin Hamad Al-Khalifa)是前任卡塔尔驻联合国和美国大使Hr=ysaRukr;O-5C。谢赫表述了自己对伊拉克政治形势的看法Zg.QRkOI!fX4]

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“马利基没有发展伊拉克,使其成为该地区的楷模,而是被伊朗在该地区的战略目标所负累,例如主宰整个中东和海湾地区9Y=4+rRxH,E)3cn*。他创建了一个宗派国家4aC+[Fm,z.x&;。”

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周五,伊拉克军队继续与伊斯兰激进分子争夺一个主要炼油厂的控制权8R.@Uv-FbQg6,T。自周二以来,双方已经在巴格达北部200多千米外开战,争夺Beiji炼油厂的控制权u(0.FONLW1,qC3jN7|@。截止到周四晚,双方各占领了该炼油厂的一部分L2rzH~(OBx1U

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另外,美国国务院证实伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国已经控制了一座化学武器中心RBUQMB@wpb)DD]。国务院一名官员表示,美国非常担忧ISIL占领任何地方kYjDqeKWsRt|。她补充说,该中心可能并不包含有军事价值的化学武器m)sYUg~&~RgU4n_&LL

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目f^.1NXSnO7N0A9-bLsE3

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • addressn. 住址,致词,讲话,谈吐,(处理问题的)技巧 vt.
  • stabilityn. 稳定性,居于修道院
  • territoryn. 领土,版图,领域,范围
  • binn. 箱柜,[计] DOS文件名, 二进制目标文件 vt
  • advancedadj. 高级的,先进的
  • offensiveadj. 令人不快的,侮辱的,攻击用的 n. 进攻
  • solvev. 解决,解答
  • involvevt. 包含,使陷入,使忙于,使卷入,牵涉
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • ambitionn. 雄心,野心,抱负,精力 vt. 有 ... 野心,