From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.
President Barack Obama has announced a plan to help the Iraqi government stop unrest in the country. His plan is aimed at increasing intelligence-gathering and improving security in Iraq. It also includes sending up to 300 United States military advisers to support the government against Islamic militants.
The president spoke to reporters at the White House on Thursday. He said the plan does not involve sending U.S. combat forces to Iraq.
"American combat troops are not going to be fighting in Iraq again. We do not have the ability to simply solve this problem by sending in tens of thousands of troops and committing the kinds of blood and treasure that [have] already been expended in Iraq. Ultimately, this is something that is going to have to be solved by the Iraqis."
Just two and one-half years ago, the president ordered the last U.S. ground troops in the Iraq war to leave the country. The order followed eight years of fighting.
Recently, Mr. Obama has been considering what to do in Iraq because of Sunni Muslim militants. Militant fighters have taken control of major Iraqi cities and territory. A group called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant is leading the offensive.
In his speech, Mr. Obama made an appeal to Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. He urged Mr. Maliki, a Shi'ite, to rise above religious differences and make the government more inclusive.
"Iraqi leaders must rise above their differences and come together around a political plan for Iraq's future. Shia, Sunni,Kurds, all Iraqi must have confidence that they can advance their interests and aspirations through the political process rather than violence."
On Wednesday, U.S. Vice President Joseph Biden spoke with Mr. Maliki by telephone. Mr. Biden urged him to govern in what he called an "inclusive manner, promote stability and unity among Iraq's population, and address the legitimate needs of Iraq diverse communities."
An American official told VOA the U.S. military has been ready to direct with several plans of action. The military has held back because of Iraq's political situation. The official said any military operation must be supported by political actions and goals that would help deal with the crisis.
Sheik Nasser Bin Hamad Al-Khalifa is a former Qatari Ambassador to the United Nations and to the U.S. The Sheik offered his opinion on the political situation.
He said "instead of really opening up Iraq and making it a model for the region, Maliki became beholden to the Iranians' strategic goals in the region, i.e. to dominate the whole Middle East and the Gulf," and "he created a sectarian state."
On Friday, Iraqi troops continued fighting Islamic militants over control of a major oil refinery. Since Tuesday, the two sides have fought more than 200 kilometers north of Baghdad for control of the Beiji refinery. As of late Thursday, each side held part of the factory.
In another development, the U.S. State Department confirmed that the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant has taken control of a chemical weapons center. A State Department official said the U.S. is "concerned about the seizure of any site by the ISIL." She added that the center likely does not contain chemical weapons of military value.
And that's In The News from VOA Learning English.
1.ultimately adv. 最后地，终极地
Ultimately, you'll have to make the decision yourself.
2.appeal n. 呼吁
Romania's government issued a last-minute appeal to him to call off his trip.
Medical technology has advanced considerably...
4.legitimate adj. 合法的，合理的
They had a legitimate grievance.
5.dominate v. 支配，控制，主宰
They had the ambition to dominate this small country.
1.His plan is aimed at increasing intelligence-gathering and improving security in Iraq.
They aim at quality rather than quantity.
2.He urged Mr. Maliki, a Shi'ite, to rise above religious differences and make the government more inclusive.
Surely we can rise above every difficulty.
Those books rise above the ordinary level.
3.He said "instead of really opening up Iraq and making it a model for the region, Maliki became beholden to the Iranians' strategic goals in the region.
This new job could open up whole new vistas for her.
奥巴马总统宣布了帮助伊拉克政府平息国内动荡的计划。他的计划旨在加强情报收集工作，改善伊拉克安全状况 。计划还包括派遣300名美国军事顾问，支持伊拉克政府打击伊斯兰激进分子 。
“美国作战部队不会重返伊拉克参加战斗。我们没有能力通过派遣数万名士兵，通过抛洒热血和耗费无数资金来解决这个问题 。最终，这个问题必须由伊拉克人自己来解决 。”
最近，由于逊尼派穆斯林激进分子的活动，奥巴马总统正在考虑采取何种措施。激进分子战士已经控制了大部分伊拉克城市和领土 。进攻由伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国领导 。
一名美国官员告诉VOA，美国军队已经准备通过几套行动计划来提供指导。由于伊拉克的政治形势，军队已经撤退 。这名官员表示，任何军事行动都必须由能够帮助解决这场危机的政治行动和目标来支持 。
谢赫·纳赛尔·本·哈马德·阿勒哈利法(Sheik Nasser Bin Hamad Al-Khalifa)是前任卡塔尔驻联合国和美国大使。谢赫表述了自己对伊拉克政治形势的看法 。
周五，伊拉克军队继续与伊斯兰激进分子争夺一个主要炼油厂的控制权。自周二以来，双方已经在巴格达北部200多千米外开战，争夺Beiji炼油厂的控制权 。截止到周四晚，双方各占领了该炼油厂的一部分 。
另外，美国国务院证实伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国已经控制了一座化学武器中心。国务院一名官员表示，美国非常担忧ISIL占领任何地方 。她补充说，该中心可能并不包含有军事价值的化学武器 。