VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):对俄罗斯制裁能否生效
日期:2014-03-23 08:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a law for Russia to officially take control of the Crimean peninsula. The signing ceremony took place on Friday after the upper house of Russia's parliament voted to make Crimea a part of Russia. The lower house approved the deal on Thursday, just four days after Crimean voters decided to leave Ukraine and join Russia.

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Local officials in Crimea called a special election on the area's future after Ukrainian lawmakers voted to oust President Viktor Yanukovych. The reported election results were one-sided. Ninety-seven percent of those marking ballots chose to join Russia. Crimean officials announced that over 80 percent of everyone permitted to vote took part in the referendum.

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The Russian president said the vote met international and democratic values for fairness. But many observers questioned the results. Robert Legvold is with Columbia University in New York City.

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"If it was an honest vote and all groups had participated, I would have thought rather than an overwhelming vote, it would have been something like 52 to 53 percent, given the percentage makeup of the groups in Crimea. The fact that it's 97-point-whatever and they report a turnout of 83 percent, creates some suspicion that it wasn't just the shadow of the Russian military presence, but maybe even some manipulation."

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Matthew Rojansky works for the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington. He thinks the pro-Russian officials in Crimea held the referendum because they expected the results.

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"My sense is this was a product of the times in which there has been a real build-up of fear mongering and the overt pressure of armed men. There is nothing quite like a gun in your face."

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West Rejects Crimean Vote

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The United States and the European Union have described the referendum in Crimea as illegal and in violation of Ukraine's constitution. US and EU officials reacted quickly. They ordered travel bans and financial restrictions on 28 Russian officials and four Ukrainians. US officials have described those targeted as President Putin's "cronies."

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Matthew Rojansky says that, for over a year, Mr. Putin urged top Russian officials to sell their international holdings and bring their wealth back to Russia.

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"Anybody who has complied with him is sitting pretty and doesn't have to worry about the international sanctions, and anyone who didn't - well, it's their problem; he can cut them loose."

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Sanctions Not Strong Enough

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He also believes the current sanctions are not strong enough.

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"I don't think Putin believes us. I don't think he thinks we actually have the guts to impose really biting sanctions on, for example, the energy sector. I think he just distrusts our resolve because we haven't made it clear that we are willing to pay the pain on our side."

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Robert Legvold of Columbia University believes stronger sanctions could hurt the world economy.

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"Every step that escalates the penalty or the punishment also escalates the cost to those inflicting them, imposing the sanctions."

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On Thursday, President Obama announced additional sanctions on Russian individuals and one bank. Russia reacted to the announcement by ordering entry bans on nine US lawmakers and officials. The following day, Ukraine's acting prime minister signed a political association agreement with the EU.

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Observers say it will be very difficult to change what has happened in Crimea. Experts also say it will be interesting to see how far the United States and its Western allies are willing to go to punish Russia for its actions.

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And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

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VOA慢速英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可提供,未经许可请勿转载21#i1@MKHes3ETLGp(G

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词汇学习

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1.officially adv.官方地;正式地

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The library will be officially opened by the local MP.
图书馆将由当地下院议员正式揭幕P,vuvqF!IT&H3i!x4.M+

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2.approve vt.& vi.赞成,同意

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I told my mother I wanted to leave school but she didn't approve.
我告诉母亲我不想继续上学,但是母亲不同意kH!]hZup0s~BcEGW

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3.permit vt.许可,准许

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The doctor will not permit mother up until her leg is better.
在母亲的腿好些之前,医生不允许她起床+aie_BE][#S=[=

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4.participate vi.参加

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She didn't participate in the discussion.
她没有参加讨论O*,9Tgj~BE

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5.overwhelming adj.势不可挡的,压倒一切的

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The evidence against him was overwhelming.
对他不利的证据确凿,无法抵赖WdTM&u@RUiDsYru_F1I

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6.turnout n.(集会的)出席者

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This year's festival attracted a record turnout.
今年的节日吸引的参加者之多创了纪录h@6VoZbXa#B-xjH5

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7.escalate v.(使)逐步上升,增强

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Even a limited confrontation can escalate into a major war.
即使是局部的对抗也可能扩大成一场大战^O83&!Ys41W=kU[Px

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内容解析

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1.If it was an honest vote and all groups had participated, I would have thought rather than an overwhelming vote, it would have been something like 52 to 53 percent, given the percentage makeup of the groups in Crimea.

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rather than而不;不是

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We tend to be traditional rather than fashion-forward in our designs.
我们的设计往往流于传统而没有超前意识rA!%rajmhrkTkpE

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2.Anybody who has complied with him is sitting pretty and doesn't have to worry about the international sanctions.

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comply with服从,遵从

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They refused to comply with the UN resolution.
他们拒绝遵守联合国的决议L9U70dT7KetBG8

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,现在是新闻报道^YoWED~;Ek6Y#

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俄罗斯总统普京签署法案,俄罗斯正式控制克里米亚半岛mm*PK7S%u5yheV。俄罗斯议会上院投票通过克里米亚为俄罗斯的一部分之后,签署仪式于周五举行lUxDawjFFp

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下院于周四通过该法案,就在克里米亚选民决定脱离乌克兰加入俄罗斯四天之后i.=[K^nh-g&.(a

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乌克兰立法者投票推翻总统亚努科维奇之后,克里米亚当地官员呼吁举行特别选举,决定该地区的未来0w&TnOX%_rc6Qe。投票结果是压倒性的u68%aGXAtGrQ964j。97%的选民选择加入俄罗斯.[.g@BA84~)v[[+~SlF。克里米亚官员宣布,有选举权的80%的选民参加了全民公投c1q@IhUvLKi[|qU

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俄罗斯总统表示,这次投票彰显了国际社会和民主国家对公平的价值观的追求H%)DmUYkL3。但是许多观察员对投票结果提出质疑Q4wi%-hqb%kGzC[。Robert Legvold在纽约市哥伦比亚大学工作SASnsE1rge

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“如果投票过程真实,所有团体都参加了投票,考虑到克里米亚的人口组成,我认为投票结果应该是52%或53%的人赞成No15oxhYMFTckm.V。实际上却高达97%的人投赞成票,他们报道称投票率为83%,让人怀疑不仅仅是由于俄罗斯军队在场,可能还有人操纵投票过程#syV@4vN=qt8YHC~.。”

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Matthew Rojansky在伍德罗·威尔逊国际中心为华盛顿特区的学者开设的一个项目工作yb~t4M&*U%s。他认为是克里米亚的亲俄罗斯官员操纵了全民公投,因为这样的结果正是他们期望的pf%CS]5EF%Coio[i^[Iy

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“我的感觉是这是时间的产物#U@KO)KTN!LuvLYb。由于武装分子的出现,人们的恐惧不断增加,压力也不断增加OVLIww21VrX3|h。没有什么比有人拿枪对着你更让人害怕的了=y;bDxO5dkaV。”

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西方反对克里米亚投票

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美国和欧盟称克里米亚全民公投是非法的,触犯了乌克兰宪法1Yv~(WU#_g。美国和欧盟官员迅速做出反应gG6~W2wTbGJ。他们对28名俄罗斯官员和4名乌克兰人实施了旅行禁令和财务限制x7z~]Z&Rx!T。美国官员称这些措施的针对目标都是普京总统的密友KAZz.1,8Z;%4%nFU(@qs

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Matthew Rojansky表示,一年多以来,普京一直敦促俄罗斯官员出售国际财产,将财富带回俄罗斯k9ZbKfa2qA

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“遵从普京的人都安之若素,不需担心国际社会制裁,而没有做好准备的人——这是他们的问题;他可以抛弃他们jtf|=CTqz|8jQ9Z。”

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制裁措施不够强硬

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他还认为目前的制裁措施不够强硬Erjmq8v4ai!G+]KO8&I

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“我认为普京不相信我们_)&u=TOF]P1@qIw#!JTT。我认为,他不认为我们真的会对重要的部门实施制裁,例如能源部门Ju!FGl.vvEKEHV@)MhJV。我认为,他不相信我们的决心,因为我们没有明确表达付出代价的意愿@hJ74ygu3V@S]vM,tr。”

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哥伦比亚大学的Robert Legvold认为更加强硬的制裁措施会危害全球经济^[N~KecWA[RJ

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“加强惩罚力度的任何举措都会导致实施制裁措施的成本相应增加l^m)Oa(5fkC。”

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周四,奥巴马总统宣布对俄罗斯个人和一家银行增加制裁措施Asw(ut!iWoc]@7[m#Kxn。俄罗斯对此作出回应,禁止9名美国立法者和官员入境vFdTAw]Ey]8jh。随后一天,乌克兰副总理与欧盟签署了政治联合协议IB&[;aBHgZiUvlMM

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观察员表示,要改变克里米亚形势是非常困难的rScC|B)|1v^2T4。专家还表示,我们拭目以待美国及其西方盟国在惩罚俄罗斯方面能够做出多少努力,这将非常有趣bAJCVzwc-_k

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻uZK^SJC4IrYY9。我是Steve Emberr-;pAGN#sns8.U

点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕@).0])mY~R]E(4sM%I&0F._AxdB)c-#8v5T=m@yvoK[t
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重点单词
  • complyvi. 顺从,遵照,答应
  • approvev. 批准,赞成,同意,称许
  • shadown. 阴影,影子,荫,阴暗,暗处 vt. 投阴影于,跟踪
  • orderingn. [计]定序;排序;订购 v. 命令;指挥;订购(o
  • violationn. 违反,违背,妨碍
  • permitn. 许可证,执照 v. 允许,许可
  • suspicionn. 猜疑,怀疑
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明
  • peninsulan. 半岛
  • overwhelmingadj. 势不可挡的,压倒的