Now, the VOA Special English program Word and Their Stories.
Each week, this program explains the many meanings of English expressions.
Today's expressions include a very important word -- heart.
We will try to get to "the heart of the matter" to better- understand the most important things about words and their stories. So take heart. Have no fear about learning new expressions. Besides, popular English words can be fun. There is no need for a heavy heart. Such feelings of sadness would only break my heart, or make me feel unhappy and hopeless.
Now, let us suppose you and I were speaking freely about something private. We would be having a "heart-to-heart" discussion. I might speak "from the bottom of my heart," or say things honestly and truthfully. I might even "open up my heart" to you and tell a secret. I would speak "with all my heart," or with great feeling.
When a person shares her feelings freely and openly like this, you might say she "wears her heart on her sleeve," or on her clothing. Her emotions are not protected.
If we had an honest discussion, both of us would know that the other person's heart is "in the right place." For example, I would know that you are a kind-hearted and well-meaning person. And, if you are a very good person, I would even say that you have "a heart of gold." However, you might have "a change of heart" based on what I tell you -- our discussion might cause you to change the way you feel about something.
But, let us suppose you get angry over what I tell you. Or worse, you feel no sympathy or understanding for me or my situation. If this happens, I might think that you have "a heart of stone." And, if you say something to make me frightened or worried, my heart might stand still or "skip a beat."
Yet, even though you may be angry, I would know that at heart, you are a kind person. In reality, you do care. And any argument between us would not cause me to "lose heart," or feel a sense of loss.
"My heart goes out" to anyone who loses a friend over an argument: it really is a sad situation, and I feel sympathy for the people involved.
I promise that what I have told you today is true – "cross my heart.:
I really wanted to play some music at the end of this feature. In fact, I had my "heart set on it." So here it is: "Don't Go Breaking my Heart" by Elton John.
This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Jill Moss. I'm Faith Lapidus.
1.with all my heart： 真心实意，全心全意
I congratulate you with all my heart.
2.heart is in the right place： 心地善良，心肠好
He may seem cold but his heart is in the right place.
3.a heart of gold ：一颗金子般的心，心地善良
I know he's often bad - tempered but really, you know, he's got a heart of gold.
4.heart goes out ：同情
My heart goes out to him in this hour of distress.
1.get to the heart of the matter ：触及问题关键，抓住问题的核心。
She rambled on at great length but she didn't get to the heart of the matter.
We must get to the heart of the matter.
2.take heart：鼓起勇气, 鼓足信心, 振作起来。
Take heart and go on trying!
If the answers aren't exactly what you hoped for, take heart.
3.cross my heart： 在胸口画十字，即发誓。
I saw him do it: cross my heart.
Cross my heart and hope to die.
我们会努力触及the heart of the matter(问题的实质)，理解词汇及其故事的最重要的信息。所以take heart(振作，鼓起勇气)来，不要害怕学习新表达 。另外，流行的英语词汇很有趣，没有必要heavy heart(心情沉重)，这种悲伤的情绪只会让我break my heart(心碎)，让我感到不愉快和没有希望 。
现在，假设你和我正轻松地谈些私事，我们会进行heart-to-heart(坦诚的)交谈。我会from the bottom of my heart(真诚地)讲话，我或者甚至会向你open up my heart(打开心扉) 。我会with all my heart(全心全意地)讲话 。
当一个人这样畅所欲言地分享自己的感受时，你会说她wears her heart on her sleeve(非常坦诚)，没有掩饰。
如果我们坦诚交谈，我们两都知道对方的心是in the right place(不坏的)。比如说，我会知道你是个善良的人，如果你是个好人，我甚至会说你有a heart of gold(金子般的心) 。然而，你或许会因为我说的话而a change of heart(改变心意)，我们的谈话可能会改变你对某些事物的看法 。
不过，假设你因为我说的话生了气。或者更糟的是，你根本不同情和理解我的处境 。这样的话，我会觉得你是a heart of stone(铁石心肠) 。如果你说些让我害怕或担心的事，我的心会停止跳动或skip a beat(心跳加速) 。
不过，就算你生了气，我也知道在心底，你是个好人。事实上，你是在乎的 。我们之间的任何争论都不会让我lose heart(失落) 。
我保证我今天说的都是真的，我cross my heart(发誓)。
我很想在节目最后播放点音乐，事实上，我已heart set on it(有了决定)，那就是埃尔顿·约翰演唱的“别让我心碎”。