VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2014年冬奥会在索契开幕
日期:2014-02-08 11:09

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.

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Millions of sports lovers are thinking about just one thing right now -- the Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. Close to 2,900 men and women are set to compete in the 2014 Winter Games. The opening ceremonies were held Friday night. The games continue through Sunday, February 23.

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The Olympics are bringing a lot of attention to Sochi, a city on the Black Sea. Sochi is a popular area for vacation travelers. The area is known for its mild winters, with warm to hot weather in the summer.

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At least $50 billion are being spent on the 2014 Winter Games, making it the costliest Olympics in history. Seven billion dollars was spent on the 2010 Winter Games in Vancouver, Canada. Olympic officials chose Sochi to host the 2014 games almost seven years ago.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin (C) and Olympic Village Mayor Elena Isinbaeva (R) visit the Coastal Cluster Olympic Village ahead of the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics at the Athletes Village in Sochi, Feb. 5, 2014.

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At the time, Russian President Vladimir Putin said the games would cost about $13 billion. Yet the real cost is four times his estimate. So where did all the money go? Many Russians say people involved in the project have taken some of it. One research group found that 38 percent of Russians it spoke with said the Olympics increased the likelihood of corruption.

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Other observers say the high cost is partly the result of security measures. Brian Jenkins is a terrorism expert from the RAND Corporation.

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"There are anywhere between 70,000 and 100,000 policemen and military troops deployed around the city. In addition, we hear reports that Russian authorities are going door to door in Sochi looking for suspects."

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The main threat comes from separatist and Islamist groups from the North Caucasus, especially from Chechnya and Dagestan. One group claimed responsibility for two suicide bombings in Volgograd last December. The attacks killed more than 30 people. The city is only about 600 kilometers away from Sochi.

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Bruce Hoffman is a terrorism expert from Georgetown University in Washington, DC. He says the increased security makes Sochi a difficult target for terrorists. He says they probably know they cannot get close to those attending the games.

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"....But they can, and I believe their intention is to, make life difficult for the Russians and to create some sort of incident that takes away from the enjoyment and the sporting spectacular that is the Winter Olympics."

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The last time Olympians from around the world competed on Russian soil was in 1980. That was a year after Soviet troops invaded Afghanistan. Sixty countries boycotted the Moscow Summer Games. Thomas de Waal, a British journalist, says President Putin has a lot invested in the Sochi Olympics.

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"He is a man who, as we know, has made his whole brand about being this man who has put Russia back on the map. He has made Russia strong again, respected again, a place of prestige."

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As the games began, protesters were criticizing Russia's treatment of homosexuals. Critics of a Russian law recently demonstrated in 20 cities around the world. They said the law bars nearly all public discussion of homosexuality. President Barack Obama is not sending any top officials to the Sochi Olympics. Instead, the US delegation includes tennis great Billie Jean King and two other openly gay athletes.

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And that's In the News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

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Editor's Note: For the latest news from the Sochi Olympics, go towww.learningenglish.voanews.com.

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文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.deploy vt. 配置;展开;使疏开 vi. 部署;展开

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The president said he had no intention of deploying ground troops.
总统说他无意调遣地面部队_dl&_Z8ZrDb-M

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2.boycott vt. 联合抵制;拒绝参加 n. 联合抵制

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Opposition leaders had called for a boycott of the vote.
反对派领导者号召联合抵制投票AZy5Uxg3hk

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3.prestige n. 威望,声望;声誉

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It was his responsibility for foreign affairs that gained him international prestige.
是他在外交事务中的尽职尽责为他赢得了国际声望Ci;B-);ipW

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内容解析

1.In addition, we hear reports that Russian authorities are going door to door in Sochi looking for suspects.

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door to door 挨家挨户;门到门

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She helped clear ditches and even went door to door offering well-cleaning for free.
她帮助清理沟渠,甚至挨家挨户免费为大家清理水井3jxBcteaptWH%wi&

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He worked as a door-to-door salesman peddling cloths and brushes.
他的工作是上门推销抹布和刷子~jCvR!ifSX&=[#

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语新闻报道Hz5%f3nNOOnqsLpFy

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此刻数百万体育爱好者正在想着同一件事,那就是俄罗斯索契冬奥会VPhAahmN9NlPL8L6。近2900名运动员将角逐2014冬奥会,开幕式在周五晚上,运动会一直开到1月23日(周日)结束Y|nzZPS!I0R

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奥运会使人们开始关注位于黑海的城市索契,索契是旅游者的度假胜地,这里因冬暖夏凉而知名vKT,^zAZ~E

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2014冬奥会至少花费500亿美元,是奥运历史上成本最高的一次yxa_d%R,mIYGO&ZGq。2010年加拿大渥太华冬奥会耗资70亿美元,7年前奥运会官员选择索契举办2014年的赛事|rAtzM,NW[dP[5LXn~US

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同时,俄罗斯总统普京说这次运动会将耗资130亿美元,而实际成本是这个数字的4倍jT;L^^5TwP*E,@h。这么多钱都花到哪里了?许多俄罗斯人说参与该项目的人挪走了资金,一个研究组织发现接受采访的俄罗斯人中有38%的人说这次奥运会增加了腐败的可能性]b]FT]y!|2Ck]rv8,3bp

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其他的观察员说高开支部分是因为安保费用,布莱恩·詹金斯是兰德公司的恐怖主义专家bFtO]ZbPhRdtz33uFV~^

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“索契各处部署了大约7万到10万名警察和军人,另外,我们听说俄罗斯当局准备在索契挨家挨户寻找嫌疑人;pRnP@KKOKhQe6V)W7。”

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主要的威胁来自分裂主义者和来自北高加索的伊斯兰组织,尤其是来自车臣和达吉斯坦的分子=lQ]s!pgM-~ih=K4@-cE。一个组织声称对去年12月伏尔加格勒的两起自杀式爆炸负责,有30多人在袭击中丧生,该市距离索契大约600公里sZZz,qo^do

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Bruce Hoffman是华盛顿乔治城大学的恐怖主义专家,他说加强安保使得索契不容易成为恐怖分子的目标,他说恐怖分子可能知道他们无法接近奥运会的参加者hK5K+la4%B+_

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“但是我想他们的目的是让俄罗斯人不那么好过,创造一些事端,减少冬奥会的乐趣和赛事的吸引力G)W8!4x#T4gRY=i。”

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上次全世界的奥运健儿在俄罗斯领土上角逐是在1980年,那是苏联军队入侵阿富汗的一年后-HJq,xOX56w@JVZg。60个国家联合抵制莫斯科夏季奥运会,英国记者Thomas de Waal说总统普京在索契奥运会上下了血本(1EGP0Ptw|Fc

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“众所周知,他最大的成就是将俄罗斯重新回到地图上,使得俄罗斯再次强大,再次受人尊敬,成为享有声誉的国家AxkrFJ%2x(。”

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随着奥运会的开始,抗议者批评俄罗斯对同性恋的态度CDjv&^v1;)r。俄罗斯一项法律的批评者最近在全世界20个城市举行示威,他们说该法几乎全面禁止公开讨论同性恋rL]ML1e(]9k!.w。总统奥巴马并未向索契奥运会派出任何高级官员,美国代表团成员包括网球健将比利简金和两外两名公开承认同性恋的运动员nyF-*D0[4rqU

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这里是美国之音慢速英语新闻报道,我是斯蒂夫·恩波x||V*+E-84+w

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重点单词
  • competevi. 竞争,对抗,比赛
  • oppositionn. 反对,敌对,在野党
  • mildadj. 温和的,柔和的
  • respectedadj. 受尊敬的 v. 尊敬;重视(respect的过
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污
  • likelihoodn. 可能性
  • intentionn. 意图,意向,目的
  • prestigen. 威望,声望
  • spectacularadj. 壮观的,令人惊叹的 n. 惊人之举,壮观的表演
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队