VOA慢速新闻讲解附字幕:印度外交官要求美国撤销控罪
日期:2014-01-19 14:24

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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This week, a lawyer for an Indian diplomat asked a court in the United States to dismiss immigration and employment charges against her. Devyani Khobragade served as Deputy Counsel General at India's consulate in New York City. She is accused of making false statements when she sought permission to bring an Indian national to the US to serve as her housekeeper. She also is charged with paying the woman less than the lowest wage permitted under US law.

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The case has angered a lot of people in India and led to anti-American demonstrations. The dispute began when US police arrested Ms. Khobragade last month after she dropped off her daughter at school. Police searched the 39-year-old diplomat for weapons possibly hidden inside her clothing. They forced her to wear handcuffs. Later, she was jailed in a room with drug suspects.

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Ms. Khobragade was released after a court appearance.

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The judge agreed to free the diplomat in exchange for her promise to return for trial and a bail payment of $250,000. Ms.Khobragade told the court she was not guilty of the charges. She is accused of paying the housekeeper less than two dollars an hour and making her work as many as 100 hours a week. In official documents, she promised to pay $4,500 in monthly wages to the housekeeper. Instead, the woman received only $537 a month.

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Some Indians have described the diplomat's treatment by police as shameful. Salman Khurshid is India's Foreign Minister.

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"We feel a very extreme level of distress in terms of human element that is involved."

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Another official, Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde, cancelled his meeting with a five-member US congressional delegation.

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But the diplomatic dispute did not end there. The Indian government asked the US embassy to withdraw one of its officers. It also removed security barriers from outside the embassy, ordered a suspension of some diplomatic activities, and took back airport passes.

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An American law professor says India's government has overreacted. Thomas McDonnell teaches at Pace University Law School.

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"The idea of removing the concrete barriers in front of our embassy that protect our ambassador and other officials from a terrorist attack seems extraordinarily out of proportion."

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US officials say New York police followed standard rules in making the arrest. One question is whether Devyani Khobragade had special rights as a diplomat. But a State Department official said she did not have the top level of diplomatic immunity.

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American media and other groups have been following the case. Jo Becker works for Human Rights Watch.

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"The diplomat has been charged with a felony and there has been a big uproar over her treatment. But the controversy had completely overshadowed the exploitation of her employee and similar abuses against millions of domestic workers that happen worldwide every single day".

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Ms. Becker noted that Secretary of State John Kerry called a top Indian official to express regret over the incident. Yet US officials say the charges against Ms. Khobragade will not be dropped, and that she would face them if she returns.

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And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载M&#ucbidtJ#JvdY%j

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词汇学习

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1.dismiss v.驳回

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An American judge yesterday dismissed murder charges against Dr Jack Kevorkian.
昨天一个美国法官驳回了对杰克·凯沃尔基安医生的谋杀指控sg.J&fIT8U-@&

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2.permit v.许可,准许

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The doctor will not permit mother up until her leg is better.
在母亲的腿好些之前,医生不允许她起床-23w;i.6kD4d

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3.bail n. [法律]保释金;保释人

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The magistrate refused his bail.
地方法官不准他保释_dkC)HGA3v)@A7wn;X3*

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4.shameful adj.可耻的;丢脸的

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They played a shameful part in the whole affair.
他们在这一事件中扮演了可耻的角色wNv.gd1Al%RN^

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5.overreact vi.反应过火

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Don't overreact if your partner has a poor attitude.
若爱人情绪不好,不必有过激的反应]lQk,z!a[||,u*W.[o

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6.felony n. <法>重罪<法><法><法>

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Every defendant charged with a felony has a right to be charged by the Grand Jury.
重罪被告都有权由大陪审团审理@m8fUcdyZ+dgpg

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7.overshadow vt.使失色;使阴暗

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Hester is overshadowed by her younger and more attractive sister.
赫斯特在她那年轻而且姿色更胜一筹的妹妹面前黯然失色Bv&i[S|6DwJSn+_X2

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内容解析

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1.The dispute began when US police arrested Ms. Khobragade last month after she dropped off her daughter at school.

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drop off送下车

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I can drop you off on my way home.
我回家可以顺便送你o#p^BL7T;e!

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2.We feel a very extreme level of distress in terms of human element that is involved.

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in terms of根据; 用…的话; 就…而言

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He referred to your work in terms of high praise.
他对你的工作大加赞扬vHjq6HK8AY|3_t=

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3.The idea of removing the concrete barriers in front of our embassy that protect our ambassador and other officials from a terrorist attack seems extraordinarily out of proportion.

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out of proportion不合情理

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The price of this article is out of all proportion to its value.
这物品的价格大超出了它的价值1D*p[7;O,YlS%)8

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是新闻报道Ug^)EaZ+30f

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本周,印度外交官代表律师要求法庭驳回对其代理人的移民和雇工控罪tDjAMR|kjHM36(Lhi。柯布拉加德(Devyani Khobragade)在印度驻纽约市领事馆担任副领事长UTSsHlWAtLV。她被指控申请获准带一名印度国籍公民来美国做保姆时谎报实情IHLlYfry-yuzQ=r。她还被控告向这名女子支付的薪资低于美国法律允许的最低工资af@MfR0!l8aMw

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该案件激怒了印度许多人,导致反美示威活动Yu]d1L5ege=P4U。上月柯布拉加德(Devyani Khobragade)开车搭载女儿去学校时被美国警方逮捕,两国之间的争端由此开始cVTL+^uezbywx]o*。警方对这名39岁的外交官进行了搜身,防止其在衣服中藏有武器TpSN[;&~zzQ8^[,q。他们强迫她戴上手铐L80Etrpbw]Q|;。随后,她和吸毒嫌疑人被关押在同一间囚室rr8#kkPXeJ[kD4kt6Z

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柯布拉加德(Devyani Khobragade)出庭后获释w(T8rE~|iP5UeQ*R!-)x

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法官准许释放这名外交官,条件是她承诺回来接受审判,并缴纳250,000美元的保释金LtsE%&To[QRYV7。柯布拉加德(Devyani Khobragade)告诉法庭对她的控罪不成立_6;GvNVbhEL5N*t%Y1。她被指控支付给保姆的薪资低于每小时2美元,并让保姆每周工作时间高达100小时&QI8Vyd6;)Jea!3|S_je。在官方文件中,她承诺支付给保姆每月4,500美元的薪资,而这名女子每月只收到537美元2XgJ%R51rASFDHEHuj

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一些印度人称这名外交官在警方那里的遭遇非常耻辱e0~h~Yql9*LJC。萨尔曼·库尔希德(Salman Khurshid)是印度外交部长0UGEua%4YeQt3F3^p

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“该案件涉及的人权因素让我们感到极端苦恼Yp4i@M~RY^。”

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另外一名官员,印度内政部长辛德(Sushil Kumar Shinde)取消了与美国国会5名成员组成的代表团的会晤V4HrkGiACUU。但是这次外交争端并未由此结束xWaXvWDF3n^J2.f5h

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印度政府要求美国大使馆召回一名官员,还从大使馆外撤离了安全屏障,下令暂停一些外交活动,并收回机场通行证-Tk#T;xkdX%@b-Kt

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一名美国法律教授表示,印度政府反应过度TbX9)ENI*h(w。Thomas McDonnell在佩斯大学法学院任教n]*KOXwE;L;BQ)m8cqA

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“撤销大使馆外围保护我们的大使和其他官员免受恐怖分子袭击的水泥屏障的行为非常不合情理M-Ar(Q_[eD0UF;。”

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美国官员表示,纽约警方的逮捕行为是遵守安全规定的C.E.o1H&phx1Q+KuUq。其中一个问题是,柯布拉加德(Devyani Khobragade)作为外交官是否享有特权oZ&C[15Qn1@suCtx!T。但是国务院一位官员表示,她并不享受高水平的外交豁免权lDtLDn.=d--WzH*zu|1

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美国媒体和其他团体都在关注该案件~)cqS|6Dz8*h9e5L(9。Jo Becker在人权观察组织工作ItS#]S;o-Xd5b-

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“这名外交官被控重罪,关于她的遭遇引发了很大的风波wL!nd_fq_=JWn^|ChsJ。但是该争议完全掩盖了她的雇员遭遇的剥削,以及世界各地数百万家政工作者每天遭遇的类似的虐待v^=HS[05YL]p_rQT。”

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Becker指出,国务卿约翰·克里致电印度一名高官,对该事件表示遗憾||[[mlxrV^。然而,美国官员表示不会撤销对柯布拉加德(Devyani Khobragade)的控罪,她重返美国后将接受审判xkpshgubxblV3v

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语新闻报道kYOw;DXThT。我是Steve Ember10_vf65yr,gGXZ_^4

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • paymentn. 支付,付款,报偿,报应
  • handcuffsn. 手铐
  • extremeadj. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,极限
  • attractiveadj. 有吸引力的,引起注意的
  • defendantn. 被告
  • bailn. 杓,保释,保证金,担保人,把手 vt. 往外舀水,
  • proportionn. 比例,均衡,部份,(复)体积,规模 vt. 使成比
  • concreteadj. 具体的,实质性的,混凝土的 n. 水泥,混凝土
  • elementn. 元素,成分,组成部分,(复数)恶劣天气
  • diplomaticadj. 外交的,古字体的,老练的