VOA慢速(翻译+讲解+字幕):美国大部遭遇极寒天气
日期:2014-01-12 08:38

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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A weather system known as a polar vortex brought dangerously cold weather to large parts of the United States this week. A polar vortex is a cold, thick low pressure system. The air turns counter-clockwise when on the move.

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The polar vortex started up in Canada. After crossing the border, it moved deep into the southeastern United States. The polar vortex brought the coldest temperatures in more than 20 years to many areas. Anise Jenkins lives in Washington, DC.

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"I have a coat on. I have three sweaters. I have two blouses. I have a thermal on and I don't feel like I have anything on."

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Another woman, named Amanda, lives nearby in Maryland.

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"It's DC. It's not supposed to be this cold."

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The weather was also a shock to visitors from overseas. Deepak from India was visiting his sister in New York.

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"Tears just come out from my eyes and my head inside like a freezer. Oh, my God. Oh, my God."

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The extreme weather started with a low-pressure system near the North Pole. The Arctic air was pushed as far south as Alabama on wind currents known as the jet stream. The bitter cold covered much of the central United States, forcing schools,government offices and businesses to close.

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Camden Walker is a reporter for the Washington Post. He is part of the newspaper's Capital Weather Gang, which limits its reporting to the weather.

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"When the jet stream came south, the floodgates opened from the north and we had a direct flow from the Arctic."

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But the polar vortex did not have the same effect everywhere.

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"Interestingly enough, it is warmer in Alaska and also somewhat warmer over Greenland because when you deplete the North Pole and the Arctic region of its cold air, when it's forced southward, it can't all stay there. Basically it's a bubble that is draining toward us. It is rushing towards us in the United States."

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Camden Walker says the weather system moved away quickly from places like Washington. But the cold air and high winds were staying longer in the middle of the country.

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At least 20 deaths were blamed on the cold weather nationwide. Health experts said people should go outside buildings for only 10 to 20 minutes at a time. They warned that being outside in such cold can cause frostbite. This condition may cause exposed parts of the body to freeze.

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Temperatures of minus 10 degrees Celsius or lower were reported in Washington, New York, Boston and Philadelphia. In fact, temperatures in all or parts of the 50 states were below freezing at some point on Tuesday. Even in Hawaii, it was minus six degrees at the top of the state's highest mountain.

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The effect of the polar vortex was extensive. Airline companies cancelled more than 11,000 flights over a four day period.

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The cold weather also interfered with train service. In the south, the Tennessee Valley Authority said it set a single day record for electricity as homeowners struggled to stay warm. The TVA provides power to seven states.

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And it was not just North America that experienced extreme cold. Over in the Pacific Ocean, a Russian research ship was stuck in ice for over a week. The Shokalskiy left New Zealand on November 28. The ship was carrying 52 passengers when it became stuck. They were rescued January 2, when a helicopter flew them to an Australian icebreaker.

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And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载PpDa&~m1n!

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是新闻报道,yiw;.,n%R0LQCAi

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本周,一种被称为“极地涡旋”的天气系统为美国大部分地区带来危险的寒冷天气yklBnQtL0y[vO]98VB;#。极地涡旋是一种寒冷而强烈的低气压系统,气流按照逆时针方向运动FeHls!D_*aeswK^

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该极地涡旋从加拿大开始Yul~TJ3-%;。穿越边境后进一步深入美国东南部bDwJ#8+z3+uO&Sd@UV。这次极地涡旋给许多地区造成20多年来最寒冷的天气^bDgxw-s=xmk。Anise Jenkins居住在华盛顿特区Heh*mPc)dGSB

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“我穿了一件外套,三件毛衣,两件衬衣,还穿了一件保暖内衣,但是感觉好像什么都没穿一样c*Ko^v=kYyE#。”

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另外一位名叫Amanda的女子居住在附近的马里兰州Z|(4(@%;v66

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“这里是特区,原本不应该这么冷yD1pri@MJM。”

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对于来自海外的游客来说,这次极寒天气也让他们感到震惊;%C(yHn]QQR~。来自印度的Deepak正在纽约探访他的姐姐Sl7&ms|fde63C[@oLiM)

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“我的双眼都在流泪,我的脑袋里面好像冰箱A6F-(!IqwmYxQMmR。天哪!太冷了t0Yc2-KfgQa8~!5UP。”

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这次极端天气起始于北极附近一个低气压系统+ITpFsfuYfYnVUu@v)T@。极寒的空气随着急流南下至阿拉巴马州UR;qbiDh&|#W-21。酷寒弥漫着美国中部大部分地区,迫使学校,政府办公室和公司关闭y-ViB9A.;Xjn

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Camden Walker是华盛顿邮报一名记者2_SWyXcINoq。他是该报首都天气小组的一员,仅报道天气状况06z|shbtQTrp

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“急流南下时,北方的闸门打开,我们遭遇了来自北极极寒空气的直接冲击&G!^HG[gbUtArK。”

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但是这次极地涡旋在各地的影响并不相同X95c*&8!v23P6iz(F6

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“非常有趣,阿拉斯加比较暖和,格陵兰岛甚至更暖和一点eVY3ID)XGpmvUGkGA。因为北极和北极圈范围的冷空气被耗尽,在向南移动的过程中不可能全部停留hP*,8nHPt^GBpk1。基本上它是一股向我们移动的气流,直接扑向美国人民1YSr1o(m4r。”

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Camden Walker表示,这种天气系统迅速从华盛顿等地区离开9Th_br[+dLN9。但是冷空气和强风在中部地区停留的时间较长8U;ziD_sCxbs;s

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全国范围内至少有20人死于极寒天气jf5~Z^54BuL2bgbfaD9。卫生专家表示,人们每次暴露在室外的时间不应超过10至20分钟@3=mDqYaoZg。他们警告称,暴露在如此严寒的天气中会导致冻疮~m9])Ssb@IwAigAyg。这种情况会导致暴露在空气中的身体部位冻伤8w3CUpg@s67&Oq5]

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华盛顿,纽约,波士顿和费城报道了零下10摄氏度以下的低温G6V&oc4(@+qAgQLIc#%b。实际上,在周二的某个时刻,50个州的所有或部分地区的气温都在冰点以下%9XV@lZS1U]%6.Pugdz]

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即使在夏威夷,该州最高山山顶的气温也低至零下6摄氏度[GUdIml-)95pIn3PNbj

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这次极地涡旋造成了很大的影响pmg~9m1lgF=。四天之内,航空公司取消了超过11,000个航班Vy)aT1^v.*5tyur1-!w。寒冷天气也影响了铁路运输BhAgaVOoBrr=bpEJ。在南方,田纳西河谷管理局表示,由于居民们需要保暖,他们创下了单日用电量最高记录ufn3.nk8efB]。田纳西河谷管理局为七个州供应电力nr*%JLWmz|

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遭遇极端寒冷天气的不仅仅是美国9#c9!69r[4-vN。在太平洋上,俄罗斯一艘科考船只被困在冰雪中超过一周的时间-_(ASQP%Zj5%m1XyGa]。绍卡利斯基院士号科考船于11月28日离开新西兰!.@_9t1oZ,bQ4。被困时船上共有52名乘客BiF(%T2y%%#Xj。1月2日,一架直升机将他们载往澳大利亚一艘破冰船,乘客获救+sWdl@Y9HM5fr

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语新闻报道Bp^Q];;!ct|g_。我是Steve Ember^8u@!xA]f=xG3r

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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词汇学习

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1.bitter adj. 严寒的

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Outside, a bitter east wind was accompanied by flurries of snow.
外面,刺骨的东风伴着阵阵小雪gAr&njC5rjaRa

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2.somewhat adv. 稍微;有点

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He has a somewhat donnish air about him.
他身上有点学究气A3Xf*85q%]

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3.frostbite n. 冻伤; 冻疮; 霜寒

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If the frostbite is only superficial, new skin will form.
如果冻伤只是浅表的,新的皮肤会长出来pF2^_;[a,M-#*

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4.extensive adj. 广阔的,广大的;范围广泛的

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He made extensive alterations on two of the pages.
他对其中的两页进行了大幅度改动SrOhW1u2@g(o

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5.interfere vi. 干预,干涉

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If we interfere, it may do more harm than good.
如果我们干预的话,可能弊多利少lD4!QG.dz8][22a((]

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内容解析

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1.The polar vortex started up in Canada.

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start up 开始

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They have decided to start up a nursery in the factory.
他们已决定要在工厂里开办一个托儿所xgN&a&~&VI1mjo&

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2.It's not supposed to be this cold.

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supposed to应该

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Journalists are supposed to be politically neutral.
新闻工作者在政治上应持中立态度Wc)G*KhHli!J6jn%(

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3.Interestingly enough, it is warmer in Alaska and also somewhat warmer over Greenland because when you deplete the North Pole and the Arctic region of its cold air.

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deplete of弄空

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I have had to deplete of my money to pay for the house furnishings.
我只好取出了我大部分存款来支付家具费用^rahO*fW_9Q(Lji

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4.At least 20 deaths were blamed on the cold weather nationwide.

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blame on把责任推给…

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They blamed the failure on John.
他们把失败的责任推给约翰MTFiGs[vP;DGJ~D.

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重点单词
  • extensiveadj. 广泛的,广阔的,广大的
  • freezev. 冻结,冷冻,僵硬,凝固 n. 结冰,冻结
  • minutesn. 会议记录,(复数)分钟
  • bubblen. 气泡,泡影 v. 起泡,冒泡
  • extremeadj. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,极限
  • authorityn. 权力,权威,职权,官方,当局
  • streamn. (人,车,气)流,水流,组 v. 流动,流出,飘动
  • polen. 杆,柱,极点 v. (用杆)支撑
  • depletevt. 耗尽,使 ... 空竭
  • bordern. 边界,边境,边缘 vt. 与 ... 接壤,加边于