VOA慢速(翻译+字幕+讲解):2013年美国日本股市强势走高
日期:2014-01-05 07:29

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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Stock prices in the United States and Japan rose sharply in 2013. The rising prices were evidence of investors welcoming efforts to push down interest rates. Low interest rates help to reduce the cost of homes, equipment and other goods.

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The leading measure of Japanese stock prices was up 57 percent last year. That was the best performance for Japan's Nikkei Index in many years. In the United States, another stock index, the S&P 500, rose almost 30 percent in 2013. Another measure of stocks, the NASDAQ Composite Index, rose 38 percent.

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The share prices were up, in part, because of actions by the US and Japanese central banks. The US Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to almost zero a few years ago. More recently, the Federal Reserve has been working to push down long-term interest rates. The central bank has been buying billions of dollars' worth of bonds and other government securities.

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The bank recently announced it would reduce that program because the economy no longer needs so much help.

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Nick Ventura is with Ventura Wealth Management, a financial investment company in New Jersey. He calls some of the actions by central banks a "global gamble" that has worked, at least so far. In 2013, the American economy grew and housing prices rose.

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At the same time, the jobless rate fell a little.

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Mr. Ventura says the improving economy meant fewer wild movements in stock prices, and fewer worried investors.

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"Every time that there was the slightest pullback in stock prices it was rewarded with a fresh round of buying. So there is a growing confidence in the U.S. recovery and I think that's what really perked up the U.S. economy."

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Experts say they saw improvements in consumer and investor confidence toward the end of last year. That sense of trust seems to be making investors more willing to take small risks by purchasing shares of stock.

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The Wall Street Journal says investors are simply looking for stocks with low prices and a likelihood of strong earnings.

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Another newspaper, The Financial Times, reports that investments said to offer safety in troubled economic times saw fewer buyers. These investments include gold and government bonds. Some experts predict stock prices will continue to climb in 2014, but at a slower rate than last year.

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Over in Turkey, a deepening political crisis is affecting the country's stock market. By the end of 2013, Turkey's stock market had fallen more than 20 percent, while the value of Turkish money hit new lows.

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Concerns are growing about the effects of the power struggle between the government and the judiciary. More than 20 people,including state officials, have been arrested on corruption charges.

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Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan dismisses the investigation as part of a plot to bring down his government.

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Last week, protesters gathered in several cities to demand the resignation of the prime minister. Thousands of supporters of Mr. Erdogan held separate demonstrations.

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And that's In the News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载j82wAptLHjROk]B

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词汇学习

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1.sharply adv.急剧;大幅

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There's been a sharp rise in the rate of inflation...
通货膨胀率已大幅上升ztgmtvzEv.h5T5

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2.pullback n. 撤退,拉回

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Does that mean that we will see a much harsher pullback for sure?
这是否意味着我们将看到一个更大幅度的价格修正将开始吗?

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3.reward vt. 酬谢,奖赏;报答

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The company is only just starting to reap the rewards of long-term investments...
这家公司才刚刚开始收获长期投资的回报;2r2yDjq|3D@z^;

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4.likelihood n. 可能,可能性

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I don't think there is any likelihood of his agreeing to it.
我认为不会有他同意那件事情的可能4gvWiekVQG

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5.improvement n. 改进,改善,改良

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Despite signs of an improvement in the economy, there is no room for complacency.
尽管在经济方面有改善的迹象,但仍不容自满pa7(p&FY%r4,P,K

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6.affect vt. 影响

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This may affect your entitlement to compensation.
这可能影响你索赔的权利~qzfO&EWT~Nqiqd7^

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7.dismiss vi. 解散,驳回

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An American judge yesterday dismissed murder charges against Dr Jack Kevorkian.
昨天一个美国法官驳回了对杰克·凯沃尔基安医生的谋杀指控6#i.n!f,(Pj

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内容解析

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1.The rising prices were evidence of investors welcoming efforts to push down interest rates.

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push down向下推;压低

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When miners sell forward their production, they help push down prices.
当矿商以远期方式销售产量时,会有助于拉低金价mUFY.4^[nS

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2.The share prices were up, in part, because of actions by the US and Japanese central banks.

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in part在某种程度上

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The employment outlook for the next year is based in part on contracts signed this year.
明年的就业前景部分地取决于今年签订的合同c.@XNu,WDT-iYX

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3.The bank recently announced it would reduce that program because the economy no longer needs so much help.

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no longer不再

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We can no longer support the President's continuance in office.
我们不能再支持总统继续任职10-zQ*9),2Th=Urh

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4.So there is a growing confidence in the U.S. recovery and I think that's what really perked up the U.S. economy.

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perk up(使)活跃;(重新)活跃起来

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House prices could perk up during the autumn...
秋季房价可能上涨P.;D||];BkG&

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是新闻报道;=0wG#)Q@qfA,GZcg|

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2013年,美国和日本股票价格大幅上涨mFullIlLox;0f;r。股票价格上涨证明投资者对降低利率的举措表示欢迎thpD;^#ccR+KMf。较低的利率帮助降低了房产,设备和其他货物的成本Xa~Nw%HaN94%

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去年,日本股票价格主要指数上涨了57%Gy*^F&TI&ET=jYLj。这是多年来日经股指的最佳表现y)l8iEYm7ia]r@CS^。在美国,另外一个股票指数,标准普尔500指数在2013年上涨了接近30%pgG~UP(2RSI!。另外一个股票指数,纳斯达克综合指数上涨了38%R~JP2S,S!d-

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股票价格上涨的部分原因是美国和日本中央银行采取的措施OZZp=B;(WRO7。几年前,美联储将短期利率降低至接近零的水平!IvqT=c+]Fp。最近,美联储致力于降低长期利率af0#Fo782Yq0v7Ek。美国中央银行购买了价值数十亿美元的债券和其他政府股票证券zuM(Np.3WZBlP*I-vFlP。该银行最近宣布会逐渐削减该项目,因为经济不再需要如此多的帮助^6e_foAom]uI#MHiOuZ&

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尼克·凡土拉是新泽西州金融投资公司凡土拉财富管理公司工作人员M8E%rV;^D&wSfGPd3j3。他称中央银行一些举措是一场“全球性的博弈”,至少目前来看起到了作用QcA7c,8F6nh6。2013年,美国经济增长,房价上涨wo#BqJMfgE*。同时,失业率轻微下降Pu1lfpLx&^

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凡土拉表示,不断改善的经济状况意味着股价疯狂波动更少,投资者的担忧更少WeGiMu-q9;+zl;(

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“每次股价回落幅度最小的时候就会催生新一轮的购买热潮FM=O2u%1uC(v1jC]9)G。所以,投资者对美国经济复苏的信心不断增加,我认为这才是促使美国经济增长的真正原因s2hiew]v27。”

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专家表示,去年年底,他们看到消费者和投资者信心有所改善a|S8nI_X1851*czuKJ。信任感似乎让投资者们更愿意冒一点风险购买股票XqREA(m1xr]wuLF^

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华尔街日报表示,投资者们只是选择价格较低,回报可能性更高的股票d[R8uNT@dC%QwWTAsZu。另外一份报纸,金融时报报道称,经济低迷时期比较安全的投资购买者减少(@|p3,-^%Dn。这些投资包括黄金和政府债券Ogr4,E((NE2J!PgQG~G8。一些专家预测2014年股价将继续攀升,但是上升幅度小于去年Cc7gj.G1Q3O3N+

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在土耳其,一场不断深化的政治危机影响了该国股票市场lW-JxS1LP!5-iX648Ho。截止到2013年末,土耳其股市下跌了超过20%,土耳其货币汇率也遭遇新低RLb|&d&@&6V]dT|([p;

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人们越来越担忧政府和法官之间权利之争的影响A.[L_Mx5jH(Hf。包括国家官员在内的超过20人因贪污腐败指控被捕j^JMk6BDi&fd^xuVzB

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总理埃尔多安称该调查是试图推翻政府的阴谋的一部分JcF3hknKEaES

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上周,几个城市的抗议者们聚集起来要求总理辞职z=__NXwTqvrveEj,。埃尔多安的数千名支持者也举行了另外的示威活动;xc6p9sL6t#

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语新闻报道[|JbofE1Tct。我是Steve EmberAc-B6)hh]c(

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • likelihoodn. 可能性
  • announced宣布的
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污
  • continuancen. 继续的期间,停留,持续,[律]延期审理
  • complacencyn. 自满,沾沾自喜
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • plotn. 阴谋,情节,图,(小块)土地, v. 绘图,密谋,
  • troubledadj. 动乱的,不安的;混乱的;困惑的