From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.
The government of South Sudan has told its soldiers to stop fighting government opponents. The move is part of an effort to end violence that began after a dispute between the country's president and former vice-president.
The government's announcement came after leaders of other countries in the area met to urge the two sides to stop the violence. A spokesman for South Sudan's Foreign Ministry told VOA on Friday that the government's cease-fire will begin immediately. It gave the government's opponents three days to answer the call for a cease-fire.
Violence began in the capital Juba on December 15th and quickly spread across the country after a dispute between President Salva Kiir and former vice president Riek Machar -- his main political competitor. In July, Mr. Kiir dismissed his cabinet,including Mr. Machar. Tensions had been rising since then, but fighting began only when Mr. Kiir accused Mr. Machar of planning to overthrow the government. Mr. Machar denied the claim.
The fighting surprised many observers. From the time South Sudan became an independent country in 2011, many feared that the new country would be at war with Sudan, the country from which it won independence. Instead, South Sudan is at war with itself.
The fighting has divided the military in some areas, and has increased ethnic tensions. Some members of President Kiir’s Dinka ethnic group have been fighting with Mr. Machar’s ethnic group -- the Nuer.
The foreign ministry said government soldiers have taken control of Malakal -- the capital of Upper Nile state -- after days of fierce battles.
Leaders of East African countries meeting in Nairobi on Friday welcomed the South Sudanese government’s decision to end the fighting. They called on Mr. Machar and others to do the same.
Both Mr. Machar and Mr. Kiir have agreed to meet. But the government has rejected Mr. Machar's demands that the government release his supporters, who were jailed in the early days of the crisis.
At the meeting in Nairobi, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta said the detained political leaders should be included in talks to end the crisis.
"The detainees are part of South Sudan's leadership and as such are part of the solution. South Sudan's legal system must process them as it should while they are treated humanely and quickly enabled to be an integral part of the dialogue that will solve the underlying political problems that have brought us to this unfortunate crisis."
Mr. Kenyatta also urged the African Union, the United Nations and other countries to promise more support for South Sudan.
And he said leaders of other East African nations would not accept what he called the "unconstitutional overthrow" of South Sudan's democratically-elected government.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn says he supports Mr. Kiir.
"It should be underscored that the legitimate government of South Sudan under President Salva Kiir Mayardit is the duly elected representative of the people of South Sudan and it has every responsibility to restore peace and stability throughout the country."
The United Nations estimates more than 1,000 people have been killed in violence across the country since the middle of December. It says more than 50,000 people have fled to UN bases. The UN hopes to send more peacekeepers to the country within a few days. UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has said the crisis cannot be ended using troops.
East African leaders called on all sides in the conflict to meet before the end of the year.
And that's In The News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.
1.dispute n. 辩论，争论
Helen seemed to be anxious to enlighten him about the events that had led up to the dispute.
2.dismiss vt. 解雇，把…免职；遣散
The military commander has been dismissed.
3.overthrow vt. 打倒，推翻
That government was overthrown in a military coup three years ago.
4.fierce adj. 凶猛的，残忍的；猛烈的
The fierce warrior Brychen savagely put down all attacks on his kingdom.
5.integral adj. 完整的；必须的
Anxiety is integral to the human condition.
6.underlying adj. 潜在的；根本的
This word has its underlying meaning.
7.underscore vt. 强调
These figures underscore the importance of rigorous infection control in hospitals.
1.They called on Mr. Machar and others to do the same.
One of Kenya's leading churchmen has called on the government to resign...
2.From the time South Sudan became an independent country in 2011, many feared that the new country would be at war with Sudan, the country from which it won independence.
at war with和…作战
They are at war with each other.
(1)This is the reason for which(=why) he left the company.
(2)He will never forget the day on which (=when) he went there.
(3)Is this company the one in which (=where) you worked half a year ago?这就是半年前你在那儿工作的公司吗?
(1)Can you tell me for whom you are working?
(2)There is a big hole on the wall through which he can see what’s happening inside.
(3)The train by which he is travelling is arriving.
(4)In the dark street， there wasn’t a single person to whom she could turn for help.在漆黑的街上，没有一个人她可以求助 。
该地区其他国家领导人举行会晤敦促双方制止暴力活动后，政府发表了该声明。南苏丹外交部一名发言人周五告诉VOA，政府的停火将立即执行 。他们给予政府反对者三天的时间对停火要求作出回应 。
总统基尔(Salva Kiir)和他的主要政治对手，前副总统马查尔(Riek Machar)之间出现争议后，暴力于12月15日在首都朱巴开始，迅速蔓延至全国各地。7月份，基尔(Salva Kiir)解雇了内阁成员，包括马查尔(Riek Machar)在内 。自那时起紧张关系不断升级，但是当基尔(Salva Kiir)指控马查尔(Riek Machar)企图政变后，斗争正式开始 。马查尔(Riek Machar)否认了该指控 。
斗争震惊了许多观察家。自2011年南苏丹成为独立的国家以来，许多人担忧这个新成立的国家将与它刚刚脱离的苏丹发生战斗 。相反，南苏丹竟然发生了内战 。
战斗导致某些地区军队分裂，进一步加剧了种族冲突。总统基尔(Salva Kiir)的丁卡族(Dinka)一些成员与马查尔(Riek Machar)的努尔族(Nuer)发生了战斗 。
周五，在内罗毕会晤的东非国家领导人对南苏丹政府停止战斗的决定表示欢迎。他们呼吁马查尔(Riek Machar)和其他人采取同样的举动 。
马查尔(Riek Machar)和基尔(Salva Kiir)同意进行会谈。但是政府拒绝了马查尔提出的释放其支持者的要求 。马查尔的支持者在危机的最初几天被监禁 。
“被拘留者是南苏丹领导的一部分，同样也应该是解决方案的一部分。南苏丹司法系统必须按照合理途径进行处理，以人道主义的方式对待他们应该是对话的一部分 。这样才可以解决导致我们陷入不幸的危机的潜在政治问题 。”
埃塞俄比亚总理海尔马里亚姆·德萨莱尼(Hailemariam Desalegn)表示他支持基尔(Salva Kiir)。
联合国估计，自12月中旬全国范围内开始暴力活动以来，已有超过1,000人遇难。联合国表示，已有超过50,000人逃往联合国基地 。联合国希望几天内向南苏丹派遣更多维和人员 。秘书长潘基文表示，这场危机不能通过军队来终止 。
以上就是今天的新闻报道，来自美国之音慢速学英语。我是Kelly Jean Kelly 。