VOA慢速新闻讲解附字幕:特别小组报告美国情报收集行为
日期:2013-12-22 07:58

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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A special advisory group in the United States is urging President Barack Obama to make changes to the government's surveillance programs. The group offered its suggestions in a report released this week.

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Mr. Obama ordered the report on the intelligence gathering activities earlier this year. The order followed information leaks from Edward Snowden, a former National Security Agency contract worker. The leaks created a huge problem for the NSA and the president.

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They also added to public knowledge about government information gathering, including the collection of data from telephone calls and activities on the Internet.

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The surveillance programs are operating under U.S. congressional approval. They have been amended at different times, and are under the supervision of a special court.

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Mr. Obama has described the programs as important to keeping Americans safe. But he has called for more "self-restraint" by the NSA.

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In its report, the Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies proposes 46 changes. One is to end the government's storage of "metadata" of the telephone records of Americans. The report proposes that private companies or a non-government agency keep the records instead, not the NSA.

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Another proposal is to require a court to approve individual searches of phone and Internet data records. The report also proposes limits on the NSA's power to study known targets of counter terrorism surveillance after they enter the United States.

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The report is calling for a new process to identify "uses and limits of surveillance on foreign leaders and in foreign nations." It says decisions should consider whether other methods or targets of collection could provide needed information.

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The review group met with President Obama on Wednesday after sending him their report last week.

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Press secretary Jay Carney said President Obama plans to study the document over the holidays. He will speak to the nation about it next month after a separate government investigation is completed.

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"The president has been clear that even as we review our efforts and make some changes in how we do things, we will not harm our ability to face those threats. That is, his number one obligation as commander-in-chief."

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The official US position on Edward Snowden remains unchanged. The Obama administration says he should return to the United States to face criminal charges. It disagrees with suggestions that he receive a pardon to prevent him from releasing additional information.

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Earlier this week a federal court ruled that secretly collecting the telephone records of Americans is likely unconstitutional.

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Mr. Obama also faced pressure from leaders of high-tech companies. Reports said they urged him to make aggressive reforms, and expressed concern about damage to the United States' image and business interests overseas.

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The "60 Minutes" television program recently spoke with the head of the NSA, Keith Alexander. He denied that the agency is collecting e-mails or listening to the phone calls of Americans. He said the NSA's job is foreign intelligence.

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And that's In the News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Faith Lapidus.

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词汇学习

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1.advisory adj.提供咨询的,顾问的

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Similar methods are used in advisory work in the Netherlands.
类似的方法也用于荷兰的咨询工作中KNIfM(Nj!dHMkksa3R

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2.offer v. 给予,提供

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He offered me a glass of wine.
他端给我一杯酒Xl8*I;yHn;.

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3.approval n. 批准;认可

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I feel I can't give my approval to such an arrangement.
我觉得我不赞成这样的安排lnw|P|x][pab&M

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4.amend v. 改良;修改,修正

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Please amend your copy of the contract accordingly.
请将你的合同文本作相应的修正76q+Jd1tB[F0

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5.propose vt. 提议,建议

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I propose that we cancel the negotiation.
我建议我们取消谈判r|(XrxC9f4M.+bVom~

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6.obligation n. 责任,义务

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He is under no obligation to do it.
他没有义务做这事Dxf9uX9B[UZrva

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内容解析
1.They also added to public knowledge about government information gathering.

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add to增加,增添,补充

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Her comments will add to the uncertainty of the situation.
她的批评将会使局势更加不稳定pA!*o%O^PE[=ew2QO

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2.It says decisions should consider whether other methods or targets of collection could provide needed information.

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宾语从句除了常由that引导外,还可由从属连词if或whether引导,表示“是否”,常放在动词ask, see, say, know, wonder和find out等之后VjK!dF~p~K~QpMT([|。一般情况下,两者可交替使用,但在口语中许多用if, 例如:

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I wonder whether/if he lives here. 我想知道他是否住在这里LVk49&!OCj.

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Nobody knows whether/if it will rain tomorrow. 没有人知道明天是否会下雨u3FBOm8+2zg(uJ!HA

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3.It disagrees with suggestions that he receive a pardon to prevent him from releasing additional information.

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disagree with不同意

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He likes to fight it out whenever others disagree with him.
当别人与他意见不一致时,他总喜欢争个明白B,HkaOWu8[eaD,#

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻BUr]P(DJs[9LxZ&1EVE8

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美国一个特别顾问小组敦促奥巴马总统对政府监控项目做出改变xuN~N]_V]!U。该小组在本周发布的报告中提出了建议,7)@@pG5(,0FE#nP)+94

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奥巴马总统于今年年初下令进行关于情报收集工作的报告lh6hM&0md^c%Q8efok。该命令是由于美国国家安全局前雇员爱德华·斯诺登泄露的信息M*=3ho~%)_gkuZvV]-f。这次泄露事件为国安局和奥巴马造成了巨大的问题f;M%ABDl(th

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泄露事件还增加了民众对政府信息收集工作的了解,包括收集电话记录和互联网行为数据Sf*#Nxyx(lpl6s^

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该监控项目是经过美国国会许可之后进行的Qjo3.vV;|Q,C&LvDAa。这些项目根据不同的时间进行修订,受特别法庭的监督LSvYf!vwy8W@VfBF3

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奥巴马称该项目对于保护美国人的安全来说是非常重要的Xy9c+M7Bims8D。但是他呼吁国安局的行动要“自我约束”2VQZqsuA,]S5B

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在这份报告中,情报和通讯技术审查小组建议作出46项改革jfjaDH7RXoq。其中一项就是终止美国政府对美国人电话记录元数据的存储T=lJUMTkZ.x6|。该报告建议由私营公司或非政府机构保存记录,而不是国家安全局9lf|sW&~SLoug(a

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另外一项建议是请求法庭批准个人搜索电话和网络数据记录ovF;YG*E4dy。该报告还建议限制国安局在反恐监控目标进入美国后对他们进行调查的权利xiIP[hzq59fTje;@

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该报告还呼吁制定新的程序来鉴别“对外国领导人和在外国进行监控的使用和限制”-*k4~xASDY;。该报告称,做决定时应该考虑其他方法或情报收集目标是否能提供必要的信息KH9Z]e_m6SGXd_w

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上周递交该报告之后,该审查小组于周三与奥巴马总统碰面TCd1&lUD-m4wZ!.k(0

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新闻秘书卡尼表示,奥巴马总统计划节日期间对该文件进行调查研究g_KCdzsD[Kiy3a[xop。下周,政府独立的调查报告完成之后,他将向全体国民发表讲话MBR0_Rs4MKZtc.

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“奥巴马总统明确表示,尽管我们对我们的行为进行重审,或者对行为方式作出某些改变,我们绝对不会损害应对这些威胁的能力8Bsf6PB~4oP(E;-).bW+。这是他作为总司令的首要任务~Jak^GePJYo。”

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美国对爱德华·斯诺登的官方立场没有任何改变5FFN-@,-MaDW&i^sH[。奥巴马政府表示,他应该返回美国接受罪行指控N&TX%~9wwU。有人建议应该特赦斯诺登,防止他泄露更多信息,奥巴马政府并不赞同lkDl%)_Oi0];[b

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本周早些时候,联邦法庭裁决,秘密收集美国人电话记录的行为可能违反宪法规定[jE.HS8]=F~Hi|s

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奥巴马总统也面临着来自高科技公司领导人的压力I@].0*-K9oA*FjF36,8。报告称,他们敦促奥巴马采取强力的改革措施,并表达了美国的形象和海外商业利益受损的担忧0KijXU#mVRn%(NV(CO

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“60分钟”电视节目最近采访了国家安全局局长亚历山大D%~C93.U|m。他否认国安局正在收集美国人的电子邮件或监听电话内容Ak1=#V@hnckLe-Rlo。他表示,国安局的工作是收集外国情报RwG~U,ttV[ZyD^

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目QDh#Pm*jwE0c6I7.。我是Faith Lapidus]~,1a7,sM+]32I2tX8q+

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重点单词
  • minutesn. 会议记录,(复数)分钟
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • aggressiveadj. 侵略的,有进取心的,好斗的
  • disagreev. 不一致,有分歧,不适应,不适宜
  • approvaln. 批准,认可,同意,赞同
  • arrangementn. 安排,商议,整理,布置,商定,[音]改编,改编曲
  • pressuren. 压力,压强,压迫 v. 施压
  • intelligencen. 理解力,智力 n. 情报,情报工作,情报机关
  • countern. 计算器,计算者,柜台 [计算机] 计数器 adj.
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说