VOA慢速双语讲解附字幕:朝鲜风云人物张成泽被执行死刑
日期:2013-12-15 07:56

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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This week, North Korea executed the uncle of leader Kim Jong Un. The official Korean Central News Agency said Jang Song Thaek was put to death on Thursday after facing a special military court. It said Jang was found guilty of attempting to overthrow the state, party and leadership. He was also accused of womanizing and drug abuse.

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The announcement came just days after Jang Song Thaek was publicly ousted from power for suspected disloyalty and corruption. Korean Central Television broadcast images of his arrest on Sunday at a meeting of the Korean Workers' Party.

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On Friday, the official Rodong Sinmun newspaper published pictures of Jang at the military trial. They showed him lowering his head, with guards on both sides.

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Andrei Lankov is a professor of Korean history at Kookmin University in South Korea. He says ousters, or purges, of North Korean officials are not uncommon. But he says the level of publicity in this case is unusual.

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"In the past, hundreds or maybe even thousands of high level officials have been purged. Some of them executed. Some of them were sent to exile or prison. However, with very few exceptions in most areas, purges have always been fixed. Unlike say the Soviet Union under Stalin, when they remove the high level official, they usually did not make it public. When they did, it was never on such a scale."

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Leonid Petrov is a Korea expert with the Australian National University. He questions whether Jang Song Thaek was actually plotting to overthrow the government.

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"I think this has nothing to do with what really happened. Jang Song Thaek was a loyal member of Kim's regime. He was appointed by Kim Jong Il to supervise his son. Jang Song Thaek was doing everything possible to promote Kim Jong Un's image."

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Leonid Petrov says a personal or family dispute could have led to the execution. But he says it is also clear that Mr. Kim considered his uncle a threat. And he says the North Korean leader felt the need to send a message that he is in complete control.

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"The elites are scared to death at the moment. And the grassroots population of North Korea also gets the message that it is Kim Jong Un who is in the driving seat. They must follow his orders, and there's simply no alternative or any place for dissent in North Korea."

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Mr. Jang was quietly ousted from power not once, but two times under the former North Korean leader. But he regained power with the help of his wife Kim Kyong Hui, the sister of the former leader.

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Much of North Korea's central leadership is from the rule of Kim Jong Il. Many officials are in their 60s or 70s. This has led some observers to debate the level of their support for 30-year-old Kim Jong Un.

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Mr. Kim took power two years ago. Since then, he has replaced more than 40 percent of high level officials, and built his rule with a younger generation loyal to him.

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There were no signs of unrest in North Korea following the execution. But the South Korean Defense Ministry said it was closely watching the North Korean military for aggressive movements.

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On Friday, the office of South Korea's president held a national security meeting to discuss the situation on the Korean peninsula. A Unification Ministry official said South Korea is watching the events with concern.

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And that's In the News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载!515]%=V5sF9

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词汇学习

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1.attempt v. 试图,企图

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The prisoners attempted to escape but failed.
囚犯们企图,逃跑,但失败了5auurEFSb&|KMt2126|!

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2.overthrow vt. 打倒,推翻

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They conspired with the terrorists to overthrow the Government.
他们和恐怖分子密谋颠覆政府_j9KRz,2CoaHzMI!c

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3.oust vt. 驱逐,罢黜

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Last week they tried to oust him in a parliamentary vote of no confidence.
上周,他们试图通过议会的不信任投票将他罢免F9KZ=8hub8;

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4.purge vt. 清除,(使)净化

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His first act as leader was to purge the party of extremists.
他当上领导的第一件事就是清除党内的极端分子KuI]*~&rVHk

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5.plot v. 密谋

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The military were plotting a coup...
军方正在策划一场政变&lq|MQA0vTuJSy6sMZOU

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6.aggressive adj. 侵略的,侵犯的

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The dogs are trained to be aggressive.
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内容解析

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1.He was also accused of womanizing and drug abuse.

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accuse of指责,控告

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His father would accuse him of neglecting his filial duties.
他的父亲会指责他不尽孝道;e~@R]kWa%nVo

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2.He says ousters, or purges, of North Korean officials are not uncommon.

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not uncommon双重否定,表达肯定的意思,不罕见,表示常见GujvmBkYQIxbi1

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3.And the grassroots population of North Korea also gets the message that it is Kim Jong Un who is in the driving seat.

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it is Kim Jong Un who强调句

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It+be+被强调部分+that(强调部分指人做主语时时用who,指人做宾语时用whom)+句子的其他部分y&dZ,VQ5iZR3BLr
  例如:
  Mary met an old beggar in the street yesterday.
  It was Mary who/that met an old beggar in the street yesterday.
  (强调主语)
  It was an old beggar whom/that Mary met in the street yesterday.(强调宾语)
  It was yesterday that Mary met an old beggar in the street.(强调时间状语)
  It was in the street that Mary met an old beggar yesterday.(强调地点状语)
  注意:it强调句型不能强调句子的谓语0z^2X-d|B.(y

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻B-kc+Hy#K&.9,t_ydp

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本周,朝鲜处决了金正恩的姑父张成泽OWbmC;1C6Rq)EA(。朝鲜中央通讯社表示,张成泽在特别军事法庭受审后于周四被执行死刑P7#4SCm59z。报道称,张成泽试图叛党,叛国,推翻领导权(RFE!;sMwSA3-yq。他还被指控沉迷女色,吸食毒品VTcl!V.ctS

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该消息发布之前几天,张成泽因涉嫌不忠和腐败被正式解除职务b=s4VR8|.2@Ymz。周日,朝鲜中央电视台播放了他参加朝鲜劳动党会议的照片sIQ]a[F%u_lZZJ

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周五,官方劳动新闻报发表了张成泽在军事法庭受审的照片]z[GC08WY^jijU29*J。照片上的张成泽低着头,两侧均有看守4wNHHw(*TV)

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Andrei Lankov是韩国国民大学朝鲜历史方面的教授hEkl^Qw#0Nm[M.xA~9。他表示,朝鲜官员中的放逐或清洗运动并不罕见YXtSzT.kwm.lgEQRn2K。但是他表示,该案件的公开程度非比寻常QMZy+CkE;z

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“过去,数百名或许甚至上千名高官被清洗=BC~S%Gc7eDNjm。其中一些被处决,一些被流放或监禁HmkBEHkHkkMr!;##)z~d。然而,除了少数例外,清洗运动都是保密的sUkC^5)5H3。与苏联斯大林时期的大清洗不同,朝鲜处理高官时通常不会公布vT~Qe)2;iTz[&m[。即使公布,也不会如此大规模*%v+v)*~L^jg。”

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Leonid Petrov是澳大利亚国立大学朝鲜问题专家kq[EqTg+wbO^Fk。他质疑张成泽是否真的阴谋推翻政府jj,MLFp-h@(Kctcs0=#

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“我认为这与事实真相毫无关系0Mb|I)K^iCatp8。张成泽是金正恩政权的忠实成员Sv&*NS67)(LHtyJ[。他由金正日委任来监督辅佐他的儿子NYM(yD6OPe。张成泽不遗余力地帮助金正恩提升形象x-DbWM3KCu6RGBM。”

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Leonid Petrov表示,导致张成泽被处决的可能是私人或家庭纷争z]y@yp=X4z!bSm。但是他表示,很明显的一点是,金正恩将他的姑父视为一个威胁[pFBPTKipiD。他表示,这位朝鲜领导人觉得有必要发出一个信息,政权完全在他的掌控之中E,Su5|XpE^NoI!1Y

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“精英们人心惶惶nz[sG=D=eYA。朝鲜普通大众也得到了信息,掌握生杀大权的是金正恩XU#ozn@6zMu!。他们必须遵守他的命令,朝鲜的异见分子没有任何选择,没有任何余地-%pE8!5ByS6O。”

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在朝鲜前领导人统治期间,张成泽并不只有一次,而是两次被秘密解除职位y~EGQT.inIUcSoHXff。但是在他的妻子,朝鲜前领导人妹妹的帮助下,他重获权利XtM!fR*&JZH

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朝鲜中央领导人中的大部分来自金正日统治时期*HGJuTye^5Eg7。许多官员都已经六七十岁]8[V4]CZhuoNcWgpI。这导致一些观察家争议他们对30岁的金正恩的支持水平%EA=^owN!Fg9,El8t

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金正恩两年前开始执政CwTVof,gv2Zxb。自那时起,他替换了超过40%的高官,利用年轻一代的忠实者建立了自己的统治UwH]ue)Z[ACdYL0U

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张成泽被处决后,朝鲜并未出现动荡的迹象^th_&jmpC!vR1Tt7YLpM。但是韩国国防部表示,他们正在密切关注朝鲜军方是否有侵犯性的举动vlG8_&qszd8wvJWSX*[

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周五,韩国总统办公室召开了国家安全会议,讨论朝鲜半岛形势p6s,!s6vaZ7)Z-H6_fU。一名统一部官员表示,韩国正在密切关注事态发展D,LQ.pWOVm)

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目~,qas7rSJwA。我是Steve Ember7UrvR.*j%Z(KA2I4

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重点单词
  • peninsulan. 半岛
  • escapev. 逃跑,逃脱,避开 n. 逃跑,逃脱,(逃避)方法、
  • publicityn. 公众的注意,宣传,宣扬,宣传品,广告
  • alternativeadj. 两者择一的; 供选择的; 非主流的 n. 替换
  • exilen. 放逐,流放,被放逐者 vt. 放逐,流放
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污
  • aggressiveadj. 侵略的,有进取心的,好斗的
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • guiltyadj. 有罪的,内疚的
  • announcementn. 通知,发表,宣布