From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.
This week, Iranian and international negotiators agreed on first steps to limit Iran's nuclear program. They also agreed to ease international economic pressure on Iran. The agreement was reached early Sunday in Switzerland.
Secretary of State John Kerry described the agreement as a first step toward a possible peaceful settlement with Iran.
American officials say Iran will dilute or weaken its near weapons grade uranium so it can not be used in weapons. Iran has also agreed to inspections of its nuclear centers.
In exchange, the United States and other countries will ease actions meant to punish Iran for its nuclear activities. But they will continue the strongest restrictions on Iran's oil exports and banking system.
The deal was delayed because of a dispute over Iran's claim to a right to enrich the metal uranium. The United States says no such right exists for any country. Different levels of enriched uranium are needed to produce nuclear power and nuclear weapons. Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammed Javad Zarif spoke to reporters after the deal was announced.
"Many times, at least twice very explicitly in this text, this recognition is there that Iran will have an enrichment program. And we believe that we are right, and we are exercising that right and we only require respect for that right."
The nuclear agreement has many critics. Israeli officials say it does nothing to stop Iranian efforts to build nuclear weapons. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu condemned the deal.
He said this is not a historic agreement, but a historic mistake.
In Washington, President Barack Obama sought to answer concerns of Israel and American partners in the Middle East. Mr. Obama said the deal halts Iran's nuclear program for the first time in almost 10 years. He said the next step will be to negotiate a detailed and lasting solution.
The president appealed to American lawmakers not to move forward with new sanctions against Iran. Senator Saxby Chambliss is a member of the Republican Party from Georgia. He objects to any easing of economic pressure against Iran.
"Now is just not the time to ease sanctions when they are working."
Many people are waiting to see what happens next. Ephrim Asculai was an official with the International Atomic Energy Agency. He now works at the Institute for Defense Security Studies in the Israeli city of Tel Aviv. He says the agreement answers many concerns over Iran's nuclear activities. But he is worried about some of the details, like whether Iran will let international inspectors visit all of its nuclear centers.
Mark Fitzpatrick is with the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. He says the two sides must now honor the agreement to show they can honor a deal.
"Implementing it will show that they both mean what they say. It'll be very important that the two sides carry it out so that both sides can show their doubters – and both sides have real skeptics and doubters – that the other side can strike a deal and keep to it."
And that's In The News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.
本周，伊朗和国际社会谈判代表就限制伊朗核项目的初步措施达成一致。他们还一致同意缓解国际社会对伊朗施加的经济压力 。该协议于周日早些时候在瑞士达成 。
由于伊朗宣称进行铀浓缩是他们的权利引发争议，该协议被延迟。美国表示，任何国家都不享受这种权利 。用于核能和核武器的浓缩铀水平是不同的 。该协议宣布后，伊朗外交部长扎里夫(Mohammed Javad Zarif)向记者发表了讲话 。
该核协议受到许多批评。以色列官员表示，该协议对于制止伊朗生产核武器毫无作用 。总理内塔尼亚胡谴责了该协议 。
在华盛顿，奥巴马总统试图回应以色列及中东地区盟国的担忧。奥巴马表示，该协议阻止了伊朗核项目，这在接近十年来还是首次 。他表示，下一步将是协商具体的持久的解决方案 。
奥巴马总统呼吁美国立法者不要对伊朗实施新的制裁。参议员夏布里斯(Saxby Chambliss)是来自佐治亚州的共和党成员 。他反对缓解对伊朗的经济压力 。
许多人正在拭目以待接下来会发生什么。Ephrim Asculai是国际原子能机构官员 。他现在在以色列城市特拉维夫国防安全研究所工作 。他表示，该协议回答了针对伊朗核活动的许多担忧 。但是他对其中一些细节表示担心，例如伊朗是否允许国际观察员进入所有核项目中心 。
Mark Fitzpatrick是伦敦国际战略研究所工作人员。他表示，双方现在必须遵守该协议，以展示他们能够遵守该协议 。
以上就是今天的时事新闻，来自美国之音慢速学英语节目。我是Steve Ember 。
1.dilute v. 稀释；削弱
There was a clear intention to dilute black voting power...
2.inspection n. 检查；检验
A company's accounting records must be open for inspection at all times.
3.dispute n. 辩论，争论
Attempts are being made to settle the dispute by diplomatic means.
4.explicitly adv. 明白地，明确地
The plan does not explicitly endorse the private ownership of land.
5.honor v. 尊敬
6.implement v. 实施，执行
The government has agreed to implement the recommendation in the report.
1.In exchange, the United States and other countries will ease actions meant to punish Iran for its nuclear activities.
The trade unions bargained away their rights in exchange for a small pay raise.
2.He objects to any easing of economic pressure against Iran.
I don't object to the children going with us.
3.It'll be very important that the two sides carry it out so that both sides can show their doubters...
Make sure the firm is competent to carry out the work.