VOA慢速新闻讲解附字幕:台风海燕是否与气温升高有关
日期:2013-11-17 07:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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The Philippine government is defending its efforts to get assistance to victims of Typhoon Haiyan. Many have received little or no assistance since the storm struck a week ago. Interior Secretary Mar Roxas said Friday in the city of Tacloban that the need is massive, immediate and not everyone can be reached.

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The aircraft carrier USS George Washington and other US Navy ships arrived in the Philippines this week to help with disaster relief operations. The ships brought helicopters and emergency aid.

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The Navy is deploying the helicopters to inspect damage from Typhoon Haiyan. The aircraft are also being used to transport supplies to affected communities. The aircraft carrier also has medical services and can produce 1.5 million liters of fresh water a day.

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The storm displaced hundreds of thousands of people. The country's chief of disaster relief said Friday that at least 3,600 people are known to have died.

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The amount of food and other aid sent to the Philippines has increased in recent days. But moving the aid from airports or other areas has been a slow process, in part because wreckage blocks many roads.

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Scientists say Typhoon Haiyan was one of the strongest storms on record ever to hit land. Some people wonder whether man-made climate change played a part in the typhoon. Bob Ward is with the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change at the London School of Economics.

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"There's certainly strong circumstantial evidence because we know that the strength of tropical cyclones, hurricanes,typhoons, depends very much on sea surface temperatures. They act as the fuel. And we've got very warm waters in the Pacific at the moment, which have been increasing because of climate change, and those very warm waters are what powered this typhoon."

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Bob Ward says the intensity of storms seems to be increasing.

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"Our models are not very clear at the moment. But we might expect in the future that we might even see fewer, but those that do occur will be much stronger than we're experiencing now."

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Benedict Dempsey is with the aid group Save the Children. He says detailed weather predictions meant that some aid workers were already in place when the storm hit.

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"Half a dozen people went into the path of the storm in order to be prepared for the response in Tacloban and elsewhere in the Philippines."

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He says aid agencies are learning to prepare for natural disasters of this kind.

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"Between around 2002 and 2011, on average over 260 million people a year are being affected by disasters. And so we're seeing the reality of these trends acting out on the ground, and it's absolutely something that we're having to prepare to respond to in the future."

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Benny Peiser is director of the Global Warming Policy Foundation. His group questions whether human activities are to blame for rising temperatures. He says people should be concerned about disaster preparation instead of cutting gases linked to climate change.

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"This was the 20th tropical storm to have hit the Philippines this year. So this is going to continue no matter what we decide on CO2, these storms will continue."

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Climate change talks are taking place in Warsaw, Poland. At the talks, the Philippine representative appealed for an agreement to cut industrial gases like carbon dioxide. Scientist Bob Ward says the delegates should pay close attention.

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"I think this typhoon will focus minds very much on the fact that if we squabble and delay in getting an agreement, we're going to see more and more of these kind of events with very, very severe human costs."

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But observers at the Warsaw talks say a deal on cutting greenhouse gases still appears to be far away.

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And that's In the News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Bob Doughty.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载HZziAgr60)vR

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词汇学习

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1.defend v. 保卫某人、某事物

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Our duty is to defend the country against its enemies
我们的职责是保卫国家不受敌人侵犯)lp!g,E#P%iDt(

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2.massive adj. 巨大的,大规模

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The world's largest public square has been turned into a massive garden.
世界上最大的广场已经变成了一个巨大的花园9P16A*8i;y-LA5

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3.inspect v. 检查,查看

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The stewards will inspect the course to see if racing is possible.
那些干事将检视赛马场看是否适宜比赛.pz0Y&muo2MSB

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4.displace vt. 迫使…离开家园;迫使…迁徙;迫使…背井离乡

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In Europe alone thirty million people were displaced...
仅在欧洲就有3,000万人被迫背井离乡,,oAb+Om9yX

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5.intensity n. 强度

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I was surprised by the intensity of his anxiety.
我对他的极度焦虑感到吃惊GY1sFq,1sHNfK]

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6.squabble vi.(为小事而)争论

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Babbitt did not often squabble with his employees.
巴比特不常和雇员争吵EQW%y+@wR1.)i

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内容解析

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1.But moving the aid from airports or other areas has been a slow process, in part because wreckage blocks many roads.

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in part在某种程度上,部分地

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The employment outlook for the next year is based in part on contracts signed this year.
明年的就业前景部分地取决于今年签订的合同Pw88aFO0a5z6

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2.But we might expect in the future that we might even see fewer, but those that do occur will be much stronger than we're experiencing now.

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much修饰比较级

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“much + 比较级”的意思是“更……”“……得多”CBx%aaoQz5eBt*。如:

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It’s much colder today than it was yesterday. 今天比昨天冷得多,_wa5BFLak

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It was much worse than I thought. 它比我想像的还要糟得多4zd|^n[gxILl*#JU6qzL

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We will be a much better football team next year. 明年我们将会成为一支更好的足球队m#~9fPWdwD=Ye&pPyB)A

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3.He says detailed weather predictions meant that some aid workers were already in place when the storm hit.

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in place准备就绪

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They put in place the tools of my new business.
他们把我干这一新行当所需要的用具安放得井井有条jMvgv)e]w@6]RlTVh

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4.Between around 2002 and 2011, on average over 260 million people a year are being affected by disasters.

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on average平均起来

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We received 20 calls a day on average.
我们平均每天接到二十个电话%mya_x8RmS%

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻V|bl!Ff6u#G^LKOTSw1

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菲律宾政府正在努力向台风海燕灾民提供救助n~t[MvEIqIOqOl&%。自一周前台风袭击以来,许多人只得到很少救助,或者根本没有得到救助2mS#(RCBQ)Zblrw9E。周五,菲律宾内政部长罗克斯(Mar Roxas)在塔克洛班市表示,对救助的需求非常巨大,非常迫切,不可能顾及每一个人J5Cb+ckJJ=RBdAY|

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本周,美国“乔治·华盛顿”号航空母舰和其他海军舰船均已抵达菲律宾,帮助灾难救援工作[4c[AbP8Ex70N@Ft)hR。军舰上搭载了直升机和紧急援助物资)PuMTqOTsmN,

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海军正在部署直升机查看台风海燕造成的破坏情况B_Q6W0kvaQ%(L。飞机还用来向受灾地区运送补给品z]of0yd#xaQE9u。直升机上还载有医疗物资,每天可以生产150万升清洁水L.cvsXQVNQX(-=!F~%lN

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台风造成数十万人流离失所[D3P_)0!NmQq+N。周五,菲律宾灾难救助负责人表示,目前已有至少3,600人遇难xGk7yP~gAw,&

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近日,运往菲律宾的食物和其他救助物资不断增加AuaP8I3T)~AUZM.nSjRM。但是从机场或其他地方转移救助物资的过程非常缓慢,部分原因是废墟堵塞了道路~E)A,]by=EDe-3FW(P

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科学家表示,台风海燕是有记录以来登陆的最强台风之一3-z.GTm-2]r+#&jqld。一些人在想,人为的气候变化对台风是否有影响LV)5&!_QsdD=[|^6.mQ。Bob Ward是伦敦经济学院格兰瑟姆气候变化研究所的工作人员#WVe-9_lfbtc@p

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“当然有间接证据,因为我们知道,热带气旋,飓风,台风,很大程度上取决于海水表面温度!H_Kz,li~^g0FE%t)x。就好像燃料4lVXde[4-1tZy。目前,太平洋的海水非常温暖,由于气候变化,水温还在升高,这种非常温暖的海水为台风提供了动力baA5YhVGKd%4(pG。”

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Bob Ward表示,风暴的强度也在增加sCM#*8Qj(*F!x_w_k-tm

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“目前,我们的模型还不是很明晰Pnp8fdb|vLMiDqb。但是我们或许可以预测未来的台风数量会减少,但是强度会比现在正在经历的台风更大27uOq;2N847DUx6。”

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Benedict Dempsey是救助儿童会的工作人员Jd)xEXwi3!jSYD&tY。他表示,详细的天气预报意味着台风袭击时已有一些救助工作者准备就绪dTeGy0.D-E

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“有几人前往台风必经道路,以及时对塔克洛班和菲律宾其他地方的情况作出反应,FfymPIjqLMSa0tDK。”

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他表示,救助机构正在学习为这种自然灾害做准备N]+^M1P%RZO,;bX

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“2002年至2011年期间,每年平均有2.6亿人受灾难影响G5rOJA5OI9y7,*x0;G~。我们看到这种趋势正在全球上演,这绝对需要我们做好准备,以便未来更好地应对-n3gB(dyPaNM。”

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Benny Peiser是全球变暖政策基金会主任W[KK8qN8JlPn]6IY6。他的组织质疑人类活动是否应为不断升高的气温负责2qA~~pkK5gS&hg5。他表示,人们更应该关心灾难准备,而不是减少与气候变化相关的气体排放(U3#Z~S._3N-

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“这是今年袭击菲律宾的第20个热带风暴Vw^nx@c#Gl9wET-DaaqF。所以,无论我们作出多少关于二氧化碳的决定,风暴仍会继续2yCQB~!.%QX。”

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气候变化会谈正在波兰的华沙进行~f+(H~!_Q@Ln。在会谈上,菲律宾代表呼吁达成协议,减少二氧化碳等工业气体的排放Tl6wcg;YAoruFT3p0k5&。科学家Bob Ward表示,代表团应该密切关注Bx#Eq(FzyAnaOcYqoI~

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“我认为这次台风将使许多人开始关注事实,如果我们继续争吵,更晚达成协议,我们将会看到越来越多这种灾难,看到人类付出非常严重的代价=|m_Z|!LdVV%4~。”

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但是华沙会谈的观察员表示,关于削减温室气体的协议似乎仍然遥遥无期EilzSt^jRY3zi!6K

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以上就是今天的时事新闻,来自美国之音慢速学英语mfxD@V#Gl5^]GV|gyJu&。我是Bob Doughtyrv[;]c7o^KvpizD

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • pacificn. 太平洋 adj. 太平洋的 pacific adj
  • reliefn. 减轻,解除,救济(品), 安慰,浮雕,对比 adj
  • assistancen. 帮助,援助
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • absolutelyadv. 绝对地,完全地;独立地
  • responsen. 回答,响应,反应,答复 n. [宗]答复语,
  • aircraftn. 飞机
  • instituten. 学会,学院,协会 vt. 创立,开始,制定
  • transportn. 运输、运输工具;(常用复数)强烈的情绪(狂喜或狂怒
  • detailedadj. 详细的