VOA慢速新闻(字幕+翻译+讲解):美国竞选结果或预测未来选举
日期:2013-11-10 06:26

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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Two American states elected governors this week, while several big cities chose mayors. The elections were the first since the troubled launch of the new federal health-care website and the 16-day partial shutdown of the government. Conservative Republicans in Congress, including Tea Party members, supported the shutdown as part of their opposition to the program known as Obamacare.

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Political experts looked at the governors' races for clues to how Americans may vote in congressional elections next year. Voters will choose all 435 members of the House of Representatives and one-third of the 100 senators.

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Observers think the government shutdown helped Democrat Terry McAuliffe win the governor's race in Virginia. Many federal workers live there and federal spending is important to the state economy.

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Mr. McAuliffe defeated Ken Cuccinelli, a Republican with strong Tea Party ties. Mr. Cuccinelli stayed close in the race by attacking President Barack Obama and the health care law.

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"Virginia understands that Obamacare is a failure and that you want to be in charge of your health care, and not the government."

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But voters chose Mr. McAuliffe in his second try for public office.

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"Just think about what Virginia has been able to accomplish when we work together."

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The newly elected governor has close ties to former president Bill Clinton and former secretary of state Hillary Clinton.

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In the other governor's race, voters in New Jersey re-elected Republican Chris Christie. He won 60 percent of the vote with the support of many Democrats.

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"Leadership is much less about talking than it is about listening. About bringing people around the table, listening to each other, showing them respect."

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Mr. Christie received much praise for his leadership after Superstorm Sandy hit the state a year ago. Many people see him as a possible 2016 candidate for president.

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Tad Devine, an adviser to Democrats, says Governor Christie's re-election offers an important lesson.

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"He has been able to take a very Democratic state – Obama won New Jersey by 17 points in the last two elections – and become a governor who could not only win a close election as he did the first time, but win a landslide election."

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Ford O'Connell is a Republican strategist. He says Tea Party Republicans need to learn from the winning candidates.

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"Well, it leaves the Tea Party really in an echo chamber, just talking to the base. The real problem for the Tea Party is how do they expand their appeal beyond the Republican base."

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Some people predict a battle for the heart and soul of the party. Will the Republicans move toward the conservatism of the Tea Party movement or away from it? Ford O'Connell is not sure.

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"Depending on how this battle turns out, it could lead to more dysfunction and government shutdowns. And that's something that people all over the world have an eye on because America is still the most robust economy in the word."

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In New York City, voters on Tuesday elected Bill de Blasio as mayor. His election put the city under Democratic Party control for the first time in 20 years. He replaces Michael Bloomberg. Voters in other cities, including Atlanta, Boston and Miami,also elected mayors.

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And that's In the News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Christopher Cruise.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载MD15XQLZYsjH)h

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词汇学习

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1.partial adj. 部分的

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It was only a partial solution to the problem.
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2.accomplish vt. 完成;达到

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If we'd all work together, I think we could accomplish our goal...
只要大家齐心协力,我想我们就能实现目标5eq[jTG_jBQ&;4+#U)

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3.offer v.提供,给予;提出,提议

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He has offered seats at the conference table to the Russian leader and the president of Kazakhstan...
他已邀请俄罗斯领导人和哈萨克斯坦总统参加会谈amtB+Knm)!gr=2Q3jA

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4.landslide n. 大胜利

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He won last month's presidential election by a landslide...
他以压倒性多数赢得上月的总统选举yUDeUgBaYK7

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5.appeal n. 吸引力,感染力,魅力

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Its new title was meant to give the party greater public appeal...
新的党名意在使该党对公众具有更强的吸引力j]f=8*aQTKjK

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6.dysfunction n. 机能障碍,机能失调

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内容解析

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1.Virginia understands that Obamacare is a failure and that you want to be in charge of your health care, and not the government.

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in charge of主管,负责; 照料

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The cook is in charge of the kitchen helper.
这位厨师负责管理厨工v~_~hT#F1Z^2ZtdmPs

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2.Many people see him as a possible 2016 candidate for president.

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see as把...看做

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3.and become a governor who could not only win a close election as he did the first time, but win a landslide election.

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not only … but also 连接两个并列成分时,可以省略 but 或 also ,也可以把 but also 都省略掉Z[xMP&rSdOXQ#geQ@m。例如:
  I not only heard it but (also) saw it.
  He was not only compelled to stay at home, (but) also forbidden to see his friend.
  She not only finished the task ahead of time, (but also)she came to help us.

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4.Depending on how this battle turns out, it could lead to more dysfunction and government shutdowns.

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turn out结果是

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Sometimes things don't turn out the way we think they're going to...
有时事情并不像我们认为的那样发展v7ij5@nE-r#kAJH+HP

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5.And that's something that people all over the world have an eye on because America is still the most robust economy in the world.

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have an eye on密切注意

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Please have an eye on the baby.
请照看一下这个婴儿!]ymVo+;[cw!,V

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参考译文

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美国之音慢速学英语,这里是时事新闻9]lbI+zkqp|,c4bfL#Ga

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本周,美国两个州选举出新的州长,同时几大城市选出了市长[NnNqy+.PUH^EApb4。这是自新的联邦医保网站成立导致混乱和政府为期16天的部分关闭之后首次进行选举]*)Lv;r;+THu12n~EC。国会保守派共和党人,包括茶党成员在内,支持政府关闭,作为反对“奥巴马医改”(Obamacare)的一部分6WaBDS=HmHMFmRy.m

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政治专家们在州长选举中寻找线索,希望了解美国人在明年的国会选举中可能怎样投票0QX.E[=^eia。选民们将选出众议院所有435个席位和参议院100个席位的三分之一p.wdjCs@Ar77tkqDFL

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观察家们认为,政府关闭帮助民主党候选人麦考利夫(Terry McAuliffe)赢得了佛吉尼亚州的州长选举KP9j9hLyt7lhUn,sU。许多联邦雇员居住在那里,联邦支出对该州的经济非常重要_W(X,*j!DJ%=n

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麦考利夫(Terry McAuliffe)打败了与茶党有着密切联系的共和党人库奇纳利(Ken Cuccinelli)gB0IAz8LyG。库奇纳利在竞选中紧随其后,攻击了奥巴马总统和医改法案VM|gGYotetKs

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“弗吉尼亚理解奥巴马医改是一个失败,你们想要控制自己的医保,而不是由政府决定t8WVS4JkCBw@。”

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但是麦考利夫做出最后一搏,提出设立公共办公室,赢得了选民的支持bS])ftygq.d@=RCpd7

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“回想一下,过去我们一起工作,佛吉尼亚将取得了怎样的成就#CXTJAN|)u_ozYt。”

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新当选州长与前总统比尔·克林顿和前国务卿希拉里·克林顿关系密切MW,t%YDft.]FlcP

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在另外一场州长角逐中,新泽西选民再次选择了共和党人克里斯·克里斯蒂(Chris Christie)||KJHkzv=[_Kc4.e。他赢得了60%的选票,其中许多民主党人支持他N^Sj.Ie15DsnFe8

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“领导最重要的不是讲话,而是倾听INIe=^yjJ=hq。是将人们团结起来,倾听他们的意见,对他们表示尊重dsDn[O*m*rnR。”

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一年前超级飓风桑迪袭击新泽西州之后,克里斯蒂赢得了许多赞誉f1TZsc8z2Qy。许多人认为他可能是2016年总统选举候选人Os)^3#1l9M7xU

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民主党顾问迪瓦恩(Tad Devine)表示,克里斯蒂州长的连任给大家上了重要的一课g)K%gVxIB0kbv;H

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“他能够在一个民主党占很大优势的州赢得胜利——奥巴马过去两次选举中都在新泽西州获胜——不仅能够像第一次一样在激烈的角逐中获胜成为州长,而且还是压倒性的优势,tg]gR;1qBh@i|E。”

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奥康纳(Ford O’Connell)是共和党的策略顾问~&wi6IHL9^sY9yZ6。他表示,茶党共和党人需要向获胜的候选人学习,1H&^b)QV50(s

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“茶党应该彻底反思一下et!1fCbjrjh]F(iH-K。茶党的真正问题是如何在共和党基础之外扩大自己的吸引力L-,,@)#WWR4。”

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一些人预测共和党人将经历思想和灵魂的斗争EO^CmxKnuG+x!2bb[。共和党人会越来越靠近茶党的保守主义还是逐渐远离?奥康纳(Ford O’Connell)并不确定kB8&X7r141]DWv

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“取决于这场战争的结果,可能会引发更多机能障碍和政府关闭|uGTOx7+yLpH]sh=g。这是全世界人民都关注的问题,因为美国仍然是世界上最强健的经济体Dv;8ru%2[;YY。”

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在纽约市,周二,选民们选举白思豪(Bill de Blasio)为市长RZQmwK|)4^。他的当选使得纽约20年来首次由民主党控制Ou!%Y5S;A-。他将接替迈克尔·彭博(Michael Bloomberg)的职位.mMr#x;M)~X。其他城市的选民,包括亚特兰大,波士顿和迈阿密都举行了市长选举R[k68r46U~

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以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻rYpTQ8u[0jS。我是Christopher Cruisef&zLj%QDD(lV-Kuu162u

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • solutionn. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液
  • troubledadj. 动乱的,不安的;混乱的;困惑的
  • conservatismn. 保守主义,守旧性
  • conservativeadj. 保守的,守旧的 n. 保守派(党), 保守的人
  • landsliden. 山崩 n. (竞选中)压倒多数的选票
  • candidaten. 候选人,求职者
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • democraticadj. 民主的,大众的,平等的
  • movementn. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章
  • sandyadj. 沙,含沙的,沙色的,不稳固的 Sandy n.