Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.
Green is an important color in nature. It is the color of grass and the leaves on trees. It is also the color of most growing plants.
First Lady Michelle Obama joins New Jersey school children to harvest the summer crop from the kitchen garden at the White House in Washington.
Sometimes, the word green means young, fresh and growing.
Sometimes, it describes something that is not yet ripe or finished. For example, a “greenhorn” is someone who has no experience, who is new to a situation. In the 15th century, a “greenhorn” was a young cow or ox whose horns had not yet developed. A century or so later, a “greenhorn” was a soldier who had not yet had any experience in battle. By the 18th century, a “greenhorn” had the meaning it has today -- a person who is new in a job.
About 100 years ago, “greenhorn” was a popular expression in the American West. Old-timers used it to describe a man who had just arrived from one of the big cities back east. The “greenhorn” lacked the skills he would need to live in the hard, rough country.
Someone who has the ability to grow plants well is said to have “a green thumb.” The expression comes from the early 1900s.
A person with a green thumb seems to have a magic touch that makes plants grow quickly and well. You might say that the woman next door "has a green thumb" if her garden continues to grow long after your plants have died.
"The Green Revolution" is the name given some years ago to the development of new kinds of rice and other grains. The new plants produced much larger crops. "The Green Revolution" was the result of hard work by agricultural scientists who had "green thumbs."
Green is also the color used to describe the powerful emotion, jealousy. The "green-eyed monster" is not a frightening creature from outer space; it is an expression used about 400 years ago by British writer William Shakespeare in his play "Othello."
The famed Martin Droeshout engraving of William Shakespeare, printed on the cover of Shakespeare's first Folio, or first complete collection of his plays, printed in 1623.
It describes the unpleasant feeling a person has when someone has something he wants. A young man may suffer from the "green-eyed monster" if his girlfriend begins going out with someone else. Or, that "green-eyed monster" may affect your friend if you get a pay raise and she does not.
In most places in the world, a "green light" is a signal to move ahead. A "green light" on a traffic signal means your car can continue on. In everyday speech, a "green light" means "approval to continue with a project." We want you to know we have "a green light" to continue this series next week.
This VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories was written by Marilyn Christiano. I'm Warren Scheer.
1.ripe adj. 熟的，成熟的；时机成熟的
The ripe apples throw out a sweet,intense smell.
2.greenhorn n. 生手；不懂世故的人；易受骗的人
He is a greenhorn in this field.
3.green thumb 有特殊园艺才能
Mrs. Smith has a green thumb. Her garden is beautiful.
4.pay raise 加薪；涨薪
The trade unions bargained away their rights in exchange for a small pay raise.
1.A young man may suffer from the "green-eyed monster" if his girlfriend begins going out with someone else.
suffer from 忍受，遭受；患…病；受…之苦
How long have you been suffering from a headache?
Your son suffers from your excessive shielding.
go out with 和…出去；与某人约会
Instant romance could be yours if you go out with friends.
You could meet potential new mates if you go out with friends or take pleasure trips.
有时，这个词用来描述那些不成熟或尚未完成的东西。比如，greenhorn(新手)是那些没有经验的人 。在15世纪，greenhorn是小母牛，或尚未长出角的公牛 。大约一个世纪后，greenhorn使之那些尚没有战场经验的士兵 。到了18世纪，greenhorn就有了现在的意思，即工作上的新手 。
大约100年前，greenhorn在美国西部很流行。老一辈们用这个词来描述那些刚从东部大城市来的人 。greenhorn缺少在那片艰难、崎岖土地上生存所需的技能 。
那些具备将植物长得很好本领的人被称为a green thumb(精于园艺)，这个表达起源于20世纪早期。
The Green Revolution(绿色革命)是指若干年前新型大米等谷物的发展，这些新作物产量更高。绿色革命是那些精于园艺的农业科学家辛勤工作的结果 。
在世界上大多数地方，green light(绿灯)表示前进。交通信号的绿灯意味着汽车可以前进，在日常用语中，green light意味着批准项目继续进行 。我们希望获得“绿灯”，能在下周继续这个系列的节目 。
这里是美国之音慢速英语词汇典故，作者Marilyn Christiano，我是Warren Scheer。