Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
Many cities have interestingnicknames. Nicknames can help establish the identity of a city. They can also spread pride among its citizens.
New Orleans, Louisiana probably has more nicknames than any other American city. One web site lists more than twenty nicknames. The most famous is The Big Easy. It describes the gentle, slow and easy-going way of life in New Orleans.
So how did the city get this nickname? In the early nineteen hundreds, there was a dance hall in New Orleans called The Big Easy. But the nickname did not become famous until the early nineteen seventies. That was when a Louisiana newspaper writer began calling New Orleans by this name. She compared the easy-going way of life there to the hurried pace of life in New York City.
In nineteen seventy, James Conaway wrote a crime novel called "The Big Easy." The story was set in New Orleans. In nineteen eighty-seven, that book was made into a film which made the nickname even more popular.
New Orleans has other nicknames. One of them is The Crescent City. During the nineteenth century, new neighborhoods expanded out from what is now known as the French Quarter. These areas followed the great curve of the Mississippi River, giving New Orleans the shape of a crescent.
Another nickname is the Birthplace of Jazz because that kind of music started in New Orleans. It is also called Mardi Gras City for the wild celebrations and parades that take place there every year. And, there is a nickname that uses the short way to write New Orleans and Louisiana. It you do not want to use the complete name, you can call the city NOLA.
One of America's most exciting cities is Las Vegas, Nevada. There you can play games of chance all night long. The city's night clubs are also open all night for eating, drinking and dancing. So it is not surprising that Las Vegas is called The Gambling Capital of the World and The Entertainment Capital of the World.
Another nickname for Las Vegas is Sin City because you can find many kinds of adult entertainment there. Many people who come to Las Vegas in hopes of winning lots of money do not know when to stop gambling. They may lose a great deal of their hard-earned money. So the city is also called something that sounds like Las Vegas – Lost Wages.
In nineteen sixty-four, Elvis Presley starred in a movie called "Viva Las Vegas." Here he sings the title song from that movie.
This program was written by Shelley Gollust. I'm Barbara Klein.
When he left his home, the moon was a crescent.
2.nickname n. 绰号； 昵称
Everyone on the team was tagged with a nickname.
He was easy-going and good-natured.
4.gambling n. 赌博；投机
He was plunged into debt overnight by gambling.
1.In nineteen eighty-seven, that book was made into a film which made the nickname even more popular.
make into 把…制成；使…变为
Milk can be made into cheese.
That was made into an office due to its small size.
2.She compared the easy-going way of life there to the hurried pace of life in New York City.
The radiance of new - blown roses, can I compare it to yours?
Yet, 10 suns added together could not compare to the brightness of her smile.
20世纪70年代，James Conaway写了一本名叫《大快活》的犯罪小说，故事就发生在新奥尔良。1987年，这本书被拍成电影，这个别名就变得知名了 。
另一个名字叫“爵士乐诞生地”，因为这种音乐起源于新奥尔良。这里每年举行狂野庆祝和游戏，也被称为狂欢之都 。此外，还有一个别名使用了新奥尔良和路易斯安那州的简写，如果不想用全名，可以称其为诺拉(NOLA) 。
内华达州的拉斯维加斯是美国最令人兴奋的城市之一，在这里你可以彻夜赌博。该市的夜总会也彻夜提供吃喝和舞蹈娱乐 。因此，无怪乎拉斯维加斯被称为世界赌城和世界娱乐之都 。
拉斯维加斯的另一个别名是“罪恶之都”，因为这里有多种成人娱乐，许多来这里希望大赢一笔的人不知道何时住手。他们可能会失去辛辛苦苦挣得的一大笔钱 。所以该市也有了和Las Vegas发音类似的别名Lost Wages（丢掉工资） 。