VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥巴马称经济公正是未竟事业
日期:2013-08-31 12:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

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President Barack Obama this week joined hundreds of thousands of Americans across the country in marking the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington for civil rights. The president noted what he called "unfinished business" in the struggle for equality and justice in the United States. His comments come at a time when Americans are talking about civil rights and race relations.

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Some are still reacting to a Florida court's decision in the murder trial of George Zimmermann. The jury found the neighborhood watch volunteer not guilty in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin, a 17-year-old African American.

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On August 28, 1963, 250,000 people marched in Washington for jobs and civil rights. It was the biggest demonstration of its kind. Many people stood outside the Lincoln Memorial to hear speakers talk about civil rights for African Americans.

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The march ended with civil rights leader Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. giving his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. His comments energized the civil rights movement in the United States and led to important laws, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The law bars major forms of discrimination against minorities and women.

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Last Wednesday, the nation's first black president stood on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Mr. Obama remembered King and the sacrifices of those who marched here in Washington. He said the marchers brought change not only for African Americans, but also for other groups and for those hoping for freedom around the world.

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The president's speech marked one of the first times since he took office in 2009 that he has spoken about issues of race. It also came two months after the nation's highest court ruled against part of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.

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Mr. Obama said those who suggest little has changed in America dishonor the marchers of 50 years ago. At the same time, he said work toward racial equality is not complete. The president noted that challenges to voting rights, high unemployment rates and other problems need attention.

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"To secure the gains that this country has made requires constant vigilance, not complacency, whether by challenging those who erect new barriers to the vote, or ensuring that the scales of justice work equally for all, and the criminal justice system is not simply a pipeline from under-funded schools to overcrowded jails. It requires vigilance."

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The crowd on the National Mall here in Washington also heard from present-day civil rights leaders, movie stars and two former U.S. presidents. Like Mr. Obama, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter belong to the Democratic Party. Mr. Carter also criticized the Supreme Court decision on the Voting Rights Act.

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"I believe we all know how Dr. King would have reacted to the new ID requirements to exclude certain voters, especially African Americans. I think we all know how Dr. King would have reacted to the Supreme Court striking down a crucial part of the Voters Rights Act just recently passed overwhelmingly by Congress."

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Another speaker was Martin Luther King's youngest child, Bernice King. She spoke about her father's message to "Let Freedom Ring."

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"Today, 50 years later, my friends, we are still crippled by practices and policies steeped in racial pride, hatred and hostility, some of which have us standing our ground rather than finding common ground."

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Some people in the crowd also took part in the 1963 march. They said they are prepared to keep the dream of racial equality alive.

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And that's In the News, from VOA Learning English. I'm Avi Arditti.

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译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载

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词汇解释

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1.energize vt. 激励;使活跃;供给…能量

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He helped energize and mobilize millions of people around the nation.
他参与激励并动员了全国数百万人thhEme*@APjD

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2.dishonor vt. 使蒙羞;玷辱

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He dishonored his team by cheating during the competition.
他在比赛时作弊,使他的队蒙受耻辱85o%hC#JA#Wwqd@8

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3.vigilance n. 警戒,警觉;警醒症

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Constant vigilance is necessary in order to avoid accidents.
为了避免意外事故, 必须经常保持警惕@lTxyTU_kg=3e

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4.complacency n. 自满;满足;自鸣得意

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Despite signs of an improvement in the economy, there is no room for complacency.
尽管在经济方面有改善的迹象,但仍不容自满+[L=n3HkUt

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5.cripple vt. 削弱;使跛;使残废

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The factory was entirely crippled by the strike.
罢工使这个工厂完全瘫痪了ea[;IevF7y61zlAz

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内容解析

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1.Some are still reacting to a Florida court's decision in the murder trial of George Zimmermann.

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react to 作出反应

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He reacted well to penicillin.
他对青霉素的反应良好CPK-W3H(v)-G+w%|9c

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They reacted to the appalling weather with typical British stoicism.
他们忍受着恶劣天气的煎熬,表现了英国人典型的坚忍不拔的精神wmxJMb%u%cJo3)

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2.Today, 50 years later, my friends, we are still crippled by practices and policies steeped in racial pride, hatred and hostility, some of which have us standing our ground rather than finding common ground.

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find common ground找到共同点

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If Mr Obama is to accomplish anything in the next Congress, he needs to find common ground with Republicans on something.
如果奥巴马是要在下届国会想要做点什么事情的话,他需要找到一些与共和党的共同点xEL6KpB(GmD8

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Not only would geopolitical adversaries have to agree, but states that possessed nuclear weapons would need to find common ground with the vast majority of nations that did not.
不仅必须让地缘政治对手达成共识,而且拥有核武器的国家必须与占绝大多数的无核武器国家找到共同的立场xD]rYHc@A3m

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参考译文

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这里是美国之音慢速英语新闻报道0SJfdOEPhj4YvKd6B~

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本周,总统巴拉克·奥巴马和全国各地成千上万美国人一道在华盛顿纪念民权游行50周年CU7]Wgk|Bb|cL=n。总统指出,在美国争取公平和争议是“未竟的事业”*k)r4*MKH-u;。目前美国人正在讨论民权和种族关系qpovVu,mX_Sk

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佛罗里达法院对乔治·齐默尔曼谋杀案的判决仍令有的人不满,陪审团认定那名社区义务看守者开枪射杀17岁非裔美国人特雷凡·马丁的罪名不成立ya!cP6y7zKuDR~@MiER

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1963年8月28日,25万人齐聚华盛顿争取就业机会和民权,这是最大规模的此类游行&ITeF1XF0UjZN|。许多人站在林肯纪念堂外聆听演讲者谈论非裔美国人的民权+E(Al~5lCQm#!a

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这次游行以民权领袖、牧师马丁·路德·金的“我有一个梦想”的演讲而收尾,他的言论激发了美国的民权运动,促成包括1964年民权法案等重要法律的出台Zwg-ONk)P4。该法禁止针对少数民族和妇女的各种歧视=[FqxES#7[d;VjA]p

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上周三,美国首位黑人总统站在林肯纪念堂的台阶上UX@-DzR*i5DD。奥巴马追念金和在华盛顿游行者的牺牲,他说游行者不仅改变了非裔美国人的命运,还给全世界其他群体和渴望自由的人带来了改变B[9Z6n%0SS9

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奥巴马的这次讲话是他2009年上任以来首次谈到种族问题,就在两月前,美国最高法院否决了1965年投票权法案部分内容&A~p=MjprcF.Tyz02#T~

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奥巴马说,那些认为改变甚少的人,对不起50年前的游行者Dd(;y0mqa[L!ldlA。同时,他说争取种族平等的事业还未完成,总统指出,需要关注选举权、高失业率等问题构成的挑战jv-BRJnG)8]@I

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“为维持这个国家取得的进步,必须保持警惕,不能自满rn!,&S8ygEv~[。无论是挑战那些给选举设置新障碍的人,还是正义的天平对每个人都平等,以及刑事司法系统不是从资金不足的学校到过于拥挤的监狱的通道,我们都要保持警惕W@gueD06F8Z。”

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华盛顿国家广场的民众还听取了当今民权领袖、电影明星及两位前总统的演讲2!9Dmz6p450-m9&pf,。和奥巴马一样,比尔·克林顿和吉米·卡特最高法院对都属于民主党8MPi.s_fx7^UueJW+,|。卡特还指责就投票权法案的判决cD#]cbd,TnIhg

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“我想我们都知道金博士会对排除某些选民,特别是非裔美国人的新选民身份的要求做何反应,我想我们都知道金博士对最高法院推翻国会以绝对多数刚刚通过的投票权法案重要内容有何反应&P3C~7+ng-o2NAdV9]+。”

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另一位演讲者是马丁·路德·金最年幼的孩子,柏妮丝·金谈到父亲“让自由回响”的教导U;l6ZDg8G[

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“我的朋友们,在50年后的今天,我们仍然受到种族优越感、憎恨和敌意的现实和政策的影响,其中有的让我们坚定立场,而不是达成共识AXW)S=u7=2x]R[Tr。”

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集会的部分民众也参加过1963年的游行,他们说准备将种族平等的梦想继续下去qKl=2Zmskw3vX

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这里是美国之音慢速英语新闻报道,我是Avi Ardittimo[+zB0rv%qj6MaA

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • unfinishedadj. 未完成的
  • criminaladj. 犯罪的,刑事的,违法的 n. 罪犯
  • constantadj. 经常的,不变的 n. 常数,恒量
  • priden. 自豪,骄傲,引以自豪的东西,自尊心 vt. 以 .
  • overwhelminglyadv. 压倒性地,不可抵抗地
  • strikingadj. 吸引人的,显著的 n. 打击
  • typicaladj. 典型的,有代表性的,特有的,独特的
  • decisionn. 决定,决策
  • vigilancen. 警戒,警惕
  • striken. 罢工,打击,殴打 v. 打,撞,罢工,划燃