VOA慢速双语讲解附字幕:美国新闻关注情报收集和泄露问题
日期:2013-08-04 06:32

(单词翻译:单击)

71&W5Oky;;1i(Pe65!1VXEGBmz=VI

听力文本

h%.Yx|yIHOI

From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

8vD6Y*KrHkm^9R_W

QOkS;IjPwN79+

This week, a U.S. military judge ruled in the case of Army Private Bradley Manning. The soldier was found guilty of espionage for providing secrets to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks. The court also found him guilty of several other charges. The punishment for these crimes could add up to more than 100 years in prison. The Oklahoma native was found not guilty of aiding the enemy. That charge could have resulted in a life prison sentence.

2v#V6@SYe6@.f+711

(KP#*XP-H|ndp

Manning had admitted to what is called the largest leak of secret U.S. documents in history. The documents included secret diplomatic messages and military reports about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

yCI@+^=y-XHG-fu|DT

m&b8~y|R)h%~q=h

The case was tried at Fort Meade, Maryland, close to the grounds of the National Security Agency. That is where intelligence contractor Edward Snowden once worked. He recently leaked secret documents on government efforts to collect information about American citizens.

_xYerK@^1&[%a

p~d*.3|5Pfoo

On Wednesday, members of Congress met with intelligence and law enforcement officials. The officials said the U.S. government's information gathering does not violate the privacy of citizens. And they said these activities help to identify and defeat terrorist threats.

)SOY+ZWkGo,^gd2!t-lG

g3BSL[g~Tye

The officials spoke after the Obama administration released documents that described the government's telephone data collection programs.

kxByIy^!0;Wrh8yM*B(l

gwO.cb82(,&Ib7,3IXz

Patrick Leahy is chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.

jM4_.b!rPe#eJCeI2

0&lLh4NJ_DC1

"The patience of the American people is beginning to wear thin. But what has to be of more concern in a democracy is, the trust of the American people is wearing thin."

Zx)qJ05^+CKSTU8q

IJ[gY;lmzcUY1D4s

On Wednesday, the administration released what once were secret documents about the government's collection of telephone records. Deputy Attorney General James Cole spoke to the Senate committee.

kq|k4oaOA=BPEQSVzOT~

_%hy=0uZiwtXqDL%AJME

"These are telephone records maintained by the phone companies. They include the number the call was dialed from, the number the call was dialed to, the date and time of the call and the length of the call. The records do not include the names or other personal identifying information. They do not include cell site or other location information, and they do not include the content of any phone calls."

9!TwasFUxj3VhydDGgh

*_J#1V@0#^RU

The government must have special court approval to get names or addresses linked to phone numbers. It also needs a court order to listen to phone calls.

;wFFnTR3AP&bAEjrE2

X*ns|Oh)EQf5dyiKqg

Rhode Island Senator Sheldon Whitehouse questioned the lack of voluntary public disclosure by the government.

dW0&fhJ@qFW

r4qZYlZ0]qn

"We have a lot of good information out there that helps the American public understand these programs. But it all came out late. It all came out in response to a leaker [Edward Snowden]. There was no organized plan for how we rationally declassify this, so that the American people can participate in the debate."

Nz@E@0Tp9ftKnb;W

FTm_]t5]x_n3|+Vfs9q6

The American Civil Liberties Union, an organization that supports individual rights, has criticized the government for collecting so much information. The group says this will change the way people act and prevent them from enjoying their freedoms under the U.S. Constitution.

i1BVTHnP!hSrQ;i

=L+wqq#dML@d^

The top lawyer for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Robert Litt, told lawmakers he disagrees.

|2jiv12d4y,F+HlE

L+12@OKsUkNJU#7Rv

"Collection of this kind of telephone metadata from the telephone companies is not a violation of anyone's constitutional rights."

mfyVZ3oF9C

M+lV4nMQ%eF

Mr. Litt told the Senate committee that public disclosure of the programs has damaged the government's ability to protect the nation.

@x%jnb1l*!t@C

x7e@h!80V-.Qg

And that's In the News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

u7Z]|=.T|5Is@KHC

VOA英文文本来自51voa,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载bt;VdbF2O[9qK25M.Cx

R,NVRfKRVpEtNJR

;glAwYx])zv

词汇学习

&BtkvgXY2McH09QO;EP

1.leak v.(使)渗漏;泄露

rRp&m^rKtDc7.

He revealed who leaked a confidential police report...
他说出了泄露警方机密报告内容的人mtN5J,e@~@r+UHdJ

_~]fu#H!XxH

Sc#4SUBI;Pse-[bfzi

2.enforcement n. 规章的严格执行

I5vqVBt0k2w|F(mBvE

It is expected that you will take this version as the standard one for thorough education and strict enforcement.
望即以此为准,深入教育,严格执行npT;s&-c!8]##sIs

u,ehS)d9LV75

4o(Pf;Y=Um,

3.violate v.违反,违背

vNeM&tw+W+]

They violated the stipulations of the Forestry Law and engaged in wanton logging of forest or other trees.
他们违反森林法的规定,滥伐森林或者其他林木2FTL0[Eh4aa_.~be

fL|%#=kB2TwFW[iF

m5M.l,0]60Vdg]SEfH@

4.identify v.确定

-sh2YJD3k|I)r=UPjTkh

The organization shall identify special characteristics.
组织应确定特殊特性Lk,6*u+dB&Cbq

Raw8r(sMrhi|^l!Jr&I9

0YosFg.hAK

5.maintain v. 保持,维持;支持

VuaQhqD_pLz.5Yc!aQ

Politicians pride themselves on their ability to maintain contact with the thinking of their constituents.
政客们以能够与选民的想法保持接触而自豪+6=ec#Vm_^LEW4@^dTp

JwI#Jw-q.xE+7

uZ|DH~Z~e;2r5g

6.declassify vt. 不再当机密文件处理

YX;X=wD,OQjY1zw

These reports were only declassified last year.
这些报告去年才被撤销了密级NTR!1]Op8h)0v5Vjwz^O

c[nf;hgqy4+6&[9Dt

,~DMx5=7&!PLk1|yA

7.disclosure n. 披露;揭发;揭发(或败露)的事情

xw,pz41dRgg[O5p

The new's disclosure shocked the public.
这条新闻的揭露震惊了公众[(f-M5E(^1;~k+*

UmqWWCVS&J]70mK9CuB

内容解析

r!Py#k.BH]Sge]cCT^31


1.The punishment for these crimes could add up to more than 100 years in prison.

k=wrIShUZ9

7Q^=dKcCGj

add up to总计达

6Ae,t,=WyW&91Y

The figures add up to 592.
这些数累计起来是 5927k(5SeKizSCZ_&=5Oa4

w9IuM%2*o)

;DZy%wY_a1=exlM1

2.The Oklahoma native was found not guilty of aiding the enemy. That charge could have resulted in a life prison sentence.

nC[G85vxVc+rxvZH|N

dyF[3QqkJ)fbZH[

result in导致,结果是

oVxElyx=*eUoRV-qO

Failure to comply with these conditions will result in termination of the contract.
不遵守这些条件将导致合同终止J7=dnoM%|m;JS

WNBy9KGv|e&4]HP)G

T(BT-l4~|1

3.The group says this will change the way people act and prevent them from enjoying their freedoms under the U.S. Constitution.

3kmZhm3C]ip

0peTbD]~bNoY8[,U

prevent from阻止,防止

xp73|U.XMr8yv@2*

My only idea was to prevent the woman from speaking.
我唯一的想法就是不让那女人讲话FFiiv,^m(B!wOWH5nH

C]UQWK~sdgK#s=9igp

参考译文

vj_0&rgZAO_c


美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻t(mYuI)VvzE~8Ux

L%YQ+v%B4r_H;bK[z!#.

-gVhI*VoeZfsck^~U7Z

本周,军事法庭一位法官对陆军士兵曼宁(Bradley Manning)一案作出裁决7YF.A&Hhd(3p*。这名士兵向维基解密网站提供了许多机密文件,犯有间谍罪@VC&S3=-*,-zqPW。法庭还发现其他几项控罪成立F1!R[(Sf@6&&。这些罪行的刑期加起来将超过100年@i)l.,u6ellA,O61SP。曼宁是俄克拉荷马州本地人,其协助敌人的罪名不成立m.z8FF=e@(dLb,。否则,他将被判处终身监禁X(|F)Gq8DbHgt~C

bqZdPae_2G,9M!cmw

e+Vk@~jPpe1

曼宁面对美国历史上最大的泄露机密文件案件认罪伏法&4Re+6e&x_Y[6。这些文件包括机密外交信息,以及关于伊拉克和阿富汗战争的军事报告1w=k!VRs#Y+dbB

t,fw)(&)eW8yt

vCB1MAVnucB=

该案件在马里兰州米德堡进行审理,距离国家安全局很近9Z;N(3e[Dkw_。情报部门承包商爱德华·斯诺登(Edward Snowden)曾在这里工作H%dggp#]oi-05。最近,他泄露了政府试图收集美国公民信息的机密文件oK+fy#w7cM

Q;W(6U.IbaUdYh5K2+e

[c5A=)^c]ghxDFN*+w=

周三,国会成员与情报和执法部门官员会面NU2mib*V~QE16;56%^。官员们表示,美国政府收集信息的行为并未侵犯公民的隐私Xu!cWl~=B!u(nV[e;C。他们说,这些活动帮助鉴别并打击恐怖主义威胁owMeE66FYjeuqMP_H=G&

.F]6P_oLghzUD4f(n8

1#m2ZZsXKnAfc!@y

奥巴马政府公布了描述政府电话数据收集项目的文件后,这些官员们发表了讲话aZI9GX|Zg@LawgtVaj]

of1!kNjyQl

iEFA=9i;nBZOR

Patrick Leahy是美国参议院司法委员会主席Q9GrNkQ6Z)fh~eqFb=

8liVG^QAh*q]hBW

dUE.6T1=[*;1XC!%(

“美国民众已经开始失去耐心^|uUObDT(b34X。但是更令人担忧的是,在一个民主国家,美国民众开始对政府失去信任v8E*er=]ml])!&5BUj。”

jy4ruTCS|j|NmXyyaPH

jusJng7bPtH~+;

周三,政府公布了原本属于机密的关于政府收集电话记录的文件A|s@XxI4fzh.V((@M+。司法部副部长詹姆士·科尔(James Cole)向参议院该委员会发表了讲话6%Sy99#IFAp=e;%4E-

(&DUC]#F(%=;;aQ

o~r3fkowb;gh3J

“这些是电话公司保存的电话记录kLG|bVoxCFhFafL5_pp3。包括主叫号码,被叫号码,通话日期,时间和时长xWeH23VQsbb18G。该记录并未包含姓名或其他个人身份信息]#1]DhpD;#=D_nA!Q。并未提供电话地址或其他涉及位置的信息,也不包含电话内容JW2Dm;yXz1。”

Z-Ql+y=Fs66r5+3U_!

VL,v]2OHnl@-!FZAs

政府要获得与电话号码相关的姓名和地址必须获得法庭特别批准,还需要法庭命令来窃听电话C~021_mtYL-ofo,C5S]3

&vUYW^#d1[&g&ij

p!40waFqrucje_-+e58V

罗得岛参议员Sheldon Whitehouse怀疑政府披露这些信息并不是自愿的]sr4DA7%IO5]|yx#

]c88pI9gFNwZ1eM=KPqc

MdYZdd7r(5H0a+iyTl

“我们有许多好消息,可以帮助美国民众理解这些项目DEh+DGxUSL=jZU_rLo。但是太迟了PIXK&8p&;jwB4Hd。这仅仅是对斯诺登泄密作出的回应rnxq&R0IPl。关于如何理性地解密,政府并没有有组织的计划,所以美国民众可以参加辩论Qa[Q%^c(YtK。”

@vx.jbdxXpE

AerLW5sp0Ix,uu,N)G8

支持个人权利的美国民权联盟批评政府收集了如此多的信息2&YW5~yI+41eJ98。该组织表示,这将改变人们的行为方式,导致他们不能享受美国宪法规定的自由~A*nkd%2wqYu^%gzDWO

p6#]0gqJDdogvvJIKK

&&8awIw+M(Z!St4QE*2

国家情报总监办公室高级律师Robert Litt告诉立法者,他并不赞同xUhY#v[BFFdIXyF

(ZTHb39x98GIX

)uHLTQU8CqbmNn

“这种从电话公司收集电话元数据的行为并未侵犯宪法规定的任何人的权利|1-;^JlNaHhVG;9。”

cRjvDjiZtPlycTnkAR7&

IsK&dBdv|vLoK)

Litt告诉参议院委员会,向公众公开这些项目危害了政府保护国家的能力dg.Z=*QluX9Y_

SdYn[RllNUx%)O,ublF4

YZu7h*]6S**pRTbSnt8

以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目XJ@)&=.9kmYH%[W。我是Steve Ember,4Vr)C)9I1

aB;ksL_U.)9DF

4Zv[G@hKkC&-)n4

2lAnBV^c%c%F

Ie(9)w,lp]g(gXUf&*B

点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

8a|3ZHIGRdpu42b^A!cOUVRz)Tc]6QhG6[40NzrcT8
分享到
重点单词
  • responsen. 回答,响应,反应,答复 n. [宗]答复语,
  • debaten. 辩论,讨论 vt. 争论,思考 vi. 商讨,辩论
  • protectvt. 保护,投保
  • collectv. 收集,聚集 v. 推论 adv. 接收者付款
  • confidentialadj. 秘密的,值得信赖的,机密的
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • complyvi. 顺从,遵照,答应
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • leakn. 漏洞 v. 漏,渗
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门