From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.
This week, a U.S. military judge ruled in the case of Army Private Bradley Manning. The soldier was found guilty of espionage for providing secrets to the anti-secrecy website WikiLeaks. The court also found him guilty of several other charges. The punishment for these crimes could add up to more than 100 years in prison. The Oklahoma native was found not guilty of aiding the enemy. That charge could have resulted in a life prison sentence.
Manning had admitted to what is called the largest leak of secret U.S. documents in history. The documents included secret diplomatic messages and military reports about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
The case was tried at Fort Meade, Maryland, close to the grounds of the National Security Agency. That is where intelligence contractor Edward Snowden once worked. He recently leaked secret documents on government efforts to collect information about American citizens.
On Wednesday, members of Congress met with intelligence and law enforcement officials. The officials said the U.S. government's information gathering does not violate the privacy of citizens. And they said these activities help to identify and defeat terrorist threats.
The officials spoke after the Obama administration released documents that described the government's telephone data collection programs.
Patrick Leahy is chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.
"The patience of the American people is beginning to wear thin. But what has to be of more concern in a democracy is, the trust of the American people is wearing thin."
On Wednesday, the administration released what once were secret documents about the government's collection of telephone records. Deputy Attorney General James Cole spoke to the Senate committee.
"These are telephone records maintained by the phone companies. They include the number the call was dialed from, the number the call was dialed to, the date and time of the call and the length of the call. The records do not include the names or other personal identifying information. They do not include cell site or other location information, and they do not include the content of any phone calls."
The government must have special court approval to get names or addresses linked to phone numbers. It also needs a court order to listen to phone calls.
Rhode Island Senator Sheldon Whitehouse questioned the lack of voluntary public disclosure by the government.
"We have a lot of good information out there that helps the American public understand these programs. But it all came out late. It all came out in response to a leaker [Edward Snowden]. There was no organized plan for how we rationally declassify this, so that the American people can participate in the debate."
The American Civil Liberties Union, an organization that supports individual rights, has criticized the government for collecting so much information. The group says this will change the way people act and prevent them from enjoying their freedoms under the U.S. Constitution.
The top lawyer for the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Robert Litt, told lawmakers he disagrees.
"Collection of this kind of telephone metadata from the telephone companies is not a violation of anyone's constitutional rights."
Mr. Litt told the Senate committee that public disclosure of the programs has damaged the government's ability to protect the nation.
And that's In the News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.
He revealed who leaked a confidential police report...
2.enforcement n. 规章的严格执行
It is expected that you will take this version as the standard one for thorough education and strict enforcement.
They violated the stipulations of the Forestry Law and engaged in wanton logging of forest or other trees.
The organization shall identify special characteristics.
5.maintain v. 保持，维持；支持
Politicians pride themselves on their ability to maintain contact with the thinking of their constituents.
6.declassify vt. 不再当机密文件处理
These reports were only declassified last year.
7.disclosure n. 披露；揭发；揭发（或败露）的事情
The new's disclosure shocked the public.
1.The punishment for these crimes could add up to more than 100 years in prison.
add up to总计达
The figures add up to 592.
这些数累计起来是 592 。
2.The Oklahoma native was found not guilty of aiding the enemy. That charge could have resulted in a life prison sentence.
Failure to comply with these conditions will result in termination of the contract.
3.The group says this will change the way people act and prevent them from enjoying their freedoms under the U.S. Constitution.
My only idea was to prevent the woman from speaking.
本周，军事法庭一位法官对陆军士兵曼宁(Bradley Manning)一案作出裁决。这名士兵向维基解密网站提供了许多机密文件，犯有间谍罪 。法庭还发现其他几项控罪成立 。这些罪行的刑期加起来将超过100年 。曼宁是俄克拉荷马州本地人，其协助敌人的罪名不成立 。否则，他将被判处终身监禁 。
该案件在马里兰州米德堡进行审理，距离国家安全局很近。情报部门承包商爱德华·斯诺登(Edward Snowden)曾在这里工作 。最近，他泄露了政府试图收集美国公民信息的机密文件 。
周三，国会成员与情报和执法部门官员会面。官员们表示，美国政府收集信息的行为并未侵犯公民的隐私 。他们说，这些活动帮助鉴别并打击恐怖主义威胁 。
周三，政府公布了原本属于机密的关于政府收集电话记录的文件。司法部副部长詹姆士·科尔(James Cole)向参议院该委员会发表了讲话 。
“这些是电话公司保存的电话记录。包括主叫号码，被叫号码，通话日期，时间和时长 。该记录并未包含姓名或其他个人身份信息 。并未提供电话地址或其他涉及位置的信息，也不包含电话内容 。”
“我们有许多好消息，可以帮助美国民众理解这些项目。但是太迟了 。这仅仅是对斯诺登泄密作出的回应 。关于如何理性地解密，政府并没有有组织的计划，所以美国民众可以参加辩论 。”
以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目。我是Steve Ember 。