From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.
An Egyptian judge this week ordered the continued detention of ousted President Mohamed Morsi. The official MENA news agency says Mr. Morsi has been detained for 15 days for investigation of suspected links to the Palestinian militant group Hamas. He is accused of working with Hamas to attack police stations two years ago during the rebellion that ousted then-president Hosni Mubarak.
Mr. Morsi has been held without charge since July 3rd, when he was removed by Egypt's military. The court order came as his supporters and opponents held competing protests on Friday.
Many Egyptians have been killed in political violence in recent weeks. On Wednesday, the United States announced it was delaying a planned shipment of four F-16 fighter jets to Egypt. Defense Department spokesman George Little noted what he called the "fluid situation" in the country.
"Given the current situation in Egypt, we do not believe it is appropriate to move forward at this time with the delivery of F-16s."
Some American lawmakers have been calling for a suspension of American aid to Egypt. The calls began after the removal of Mr. Morsi, who was the country's first democratically elected president.
The United States provides $1.3 billion in military aid to Egypt each year. Obama administration officials have repeatedly said it is not in America's best interests to cut off aid to Egypt. Experts note the country has severe economic problems, including high unemployment and inflation.
Many American observers say the United States has little influence over what is happening or will happen in Egypt. Jeffrey Martini is with the RAND Corporation. He says one reason for the lack of influence is a reduction in American economic aid to Egypt over the years.
"In the mid-1980s, the total aid flow to Egypt from the United States was equivalent to about seven percent of Egypt's economy. That would give you a lot of leverage. Today, it's about point-seven percent. So a 10-fold drop as compared to the size of the Egyptian economy. So you don't get much leverage when you're looking at aid flows of point-seven percent the size of the Egyptian economy."
Brent Scowcroft served as national security advisor to two American presidents. He says the United States must help in developing a plan to re-establish Egypt's economic and political security.
"What's needed now is to put together a structure which can complete the building of an Egyptian political system. That is, with a constitution, with elections, with governments that broadly reflect the interests of the electorate."
Mr. Scowcroft says a secure Egypt is important for the Middle East. Without a successful Egypt, he says, the area has a serious problem. Other observers agree. Mirette Mabrouk is with the Atlantic Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East.
"A stable, prosperous, if you like, but certainly stable and healthy Egypt is absolutely vital to the Middle East. Otherwise, frankly, no one would care. If Egypt were irrelevant, then people would not be paying attention. People pay attention because Egypt is vital."
She and others say the United States and other countries should not get directly involved in Egypt and instead let the Egyptian political process take its course.
And that's In The News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.
1.fluid adj. 流动的；流畅的；不固定的
We've only just begun to plan work, and our ideas on the subject are still fluid.
2.leverage n. 手段，影响力；杠杆作用；杠杆效率
His position as mayor gives him leverage to get things done.
3.electorate n. 选民；选区
He has the backing of almost a quarter of the electorate.
4.irrelevant adj. 不相干的；不切题的
The choice of subject matter is irrelevant.
本周埃及法官下令继续拘留被驱逐的总统穆罕默德·穆尔西，官方新闻机构中东新闻社称穆尔西已被拘留15天，就与巴勒斯坦武装组织哈马斯的嫌疑关系接受调查 。他被控两年前在驱逐时任总统穆巴拉克的叛乱中与哈马斯勾结袭击了警站 。
穆尔西自7月3日以来就一直在无罪指控下被拘，当时他被埃及军方驱逐下台 。周五法官命令下达时，他的支持者和反对者举行了对抗性的抗议 。
许多埃及人在最近几周的政治暴力中被杀，周三，美国宣布将延迟其向埃及运送四架F-16战机的计划 。国防部发言人乔治·利特尔称埃及目前正处于“不稳定状态” 。
美国每年向埃及提供13亿美元的军事援助，奥巴马政府多次表示，削减对埃及的援助对美国不是很有利 。专家指出埃及的经济问题很严重，包括高失业率和高通胀 。
“在20世纪80年代中期，美国对埃及的全部援助相当于埃及经济总量的7%，这就给了美国很大的影响力 。而如今这个比例只有0.7%，因此，相对于埃及的经济规模来说下降了十倍 。提供的援助相对于埃及经济规模的0.7%，那就不能有什么影响力 。”
“我们现在需要做的就是合力构建一个框架，完成埃及政治体制的建设 。那就是能广泛反应选民利益的宪法、选举和政府 。”
斯考克罗夫特说，埃及的安定对中东很重要 。他说，一旦埃及不能成功，该地区就会出现严重问题，其他的观察员也赞同这个观点 。米瑞特·马布鲁克就职于美国大西洋理事会中东拉菲克·哈里里中心 。
“埃及的稳定、繁荣和健康对中东来说绝对很重要，否则谁会在乎埃及呢，如果埃及无关紧要，那么人们就不会予以重视 。人们之所以关注，正是因为埃及很重要 。”