VOA慢速双语讲解附字幕:美国人抗议齐默曼杀害黑人案判决
日期:2013-07-21 10:14

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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From VOA Learning English, this is "In The News."

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Americans continue to react to the decision in the murder trial of George Zimmerman. Last week, a jury in the southern state of Florida found that he was not guilty in the shooting death of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin.

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The unarmed teenager was killed last year in a struggle with the defendant. At the time, George Zimmerman was a neighborhood watch volunteer in his community in Florida. Trayvon Martin, an African American, was walking to the home of his father's girlfriend at the time of the killing.

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George Zimmerman is a white Hispanic man. He called police to report Trayvon Martin as a suspicious person in the neighborhood. He followed the teenager, although police told him not to. The two fought. Mr. Zimmerman says he acted in self-defense after he was attacked by the young man.

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Under Florida law, people can use deadly force to fight back if they feel their lives are in danger.

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Soon after the six woman jury reached its decision on Saturday, people used social media and public protests to express their opinion about the verdict.

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"No justice. No peace. Trayvon! Justice for Trayvon!"

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Many protests have been held across the United States since the trial. Hundreds of people demonstrated in Chicago, Illinois.

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They expressed opposition to what activist Dickey Gaines says was a predetermined verdict -- one reached before the trial.

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"Because there was a lot of people across this country that was in favor of George Zimmerman being acquitted by virtue of them donating money to his defense, so that was a clear indication early on people was in support of him being acquitted in this case."

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Casey David Cole Senior was one such supporter. He spoke to reporters near the Sanford, Florida courthouse, where the trial took place.

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"I'm here to express my opinion. I believe that George Zimmerman is an innocent man."

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For Chicago protester Bryan Burroughs, the case is clear in his mind.

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"Trayvon Martin was guilty of nothing but being black in a mostly white neighborhood."

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Activist Dickey Gaines says the ruling has not changed his belief that George Zimmerman targeted the teenager because he was black.

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"He focused on Trayvon because of Trayvon's skin color."

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Hans von Spakovsky works for the Heritage Foundation research group here in Washington. He says the legal action against Mr.Zimmerman should end now.

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"If the Justice Department continues to pursue this case when, one, he's been found innocent and, two, we know there's no racial animus which is necessary for a civil rights violation, that once again makes it look like politics is driving the prosecution, not justice."

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Racial inequality in the United States goes back centuries. The issue of slavery was a major reason for the nation's civil war in the 1860s. But discrimination continued after black slaves were freed. And racial tensions still exist.

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Greg Carr is chairman of Afro-American Studies at Howard University, a historically black college here in Washington.

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"One thing that's tangible that can come out of this verdict is a renewed commitment to addressing people, and not looking to the courts -- not looking to the law to somehow regulate or change people's hearts and minds."

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Mr. Carr warns that if a civil rights case were brought against George Zimmerman and lost, it would increase the distrust of many people. But if such a case were won, he says, Americans would look to the courts, not within themselves, for racial healing.

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And that's "In The News" from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.

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VOA英文文本来自51VOA,译文属可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载a5eRsDcfQ4%x6^F#!

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词汇学习

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1.defendant n.被告

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The defendant was guilty of robbery.
被告有抢劫罪Detl0AD&mbPMX&]u,lQQ

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2.suspicious adj. 感觉可疑的;不信任的

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Many suspicious glances were darted at him.
许多怀疑的目光投向了他Jfdp0;-2WRS-rK;

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3.deadly adj. 致命的,致死的

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Chinese civilization is one of the oldest in the world.
中国文明是世界上最古老的文明之一g@#(XD5JON8&2X*t^1G

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4.verdict n. 结论;裁定

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The judge voiced her satisfaction that the jury had reached a verdict.
法官对陪审团已作出裁定表示满意cczW4o-7pPb8Z*eaFd]

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5.acquitt v. 开释;释放

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6.somehow adv.以某种方式

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I will manage the business somehow.
我将设法处理这事|(UHYoh#sl[G|H^q]U

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内容解析

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1.Under Florida law, people can use deadly force to fight back if they feel their lives are in danger.

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in danger在危险中,有…的危险

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The people are in danger; we must help them off.
人们处境危险,我们必须帮助他们离开iy]|JbW71(

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2.Because there was a lot of people across this country that was in favor of George Zimmerman being acquitted by virtue of them donating money to his defense.

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in favor of赞成[支持](某人或某事物)

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The new development turned the scales in favor of that school.
新的发展扭转了局面,对那所学校有利gma3o_gu.o_[U0[n!

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3.Trayvon Martin was guilty of nothing but being black in a mostly white neighborhood.

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nothing but除了…什么也不,只有,不外乎

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anything but,nothing but,all but,none but
这些短语均由代词加前置词but(除开)构成,但含义各不相同ZN6X*3YG(ik

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anything but(=not at all,by no means,never)表示“决不,根本不”0EfS&lY^5iL(UN2
nothing but(=only)表示“只不过,除了……以外什么也没有”g_9#GKF|V=;~!,0OC
all but(=almost,nearly)表示“几乎,差一点”o|eDAe(yJ5k
none but(=no one except)表示“只有;除……外谁也不”Om5d#!F_Us1^pOeuXv4z

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4.But if such a case were won, he says, Americans would look to the courts, not within themselves, for racial healing.

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look to依赖,指望

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I look to my parents when I need help.
当我需要帮助时我依赖我的父母YTxG]8%Q|N

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参考翻译

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美国之音慢速学英语节目,这里是时事新闻)=H6.&zYIqT

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美国人继续对乔治·齐默曼(George Zimmerman)谋杀案的审判决定作出反应I+ZM^]*Se0j。上周,南部佛罗里达州陪审团决定,他枪杀17岁男子特雷沃恩·马丁(Trayvon Martin)无罪Z-9EVgao*~N=;ux

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去年,这名手无寸铁的少年跟被告打斗期间被杀害SuJZP6OM@k&mJYgdHng]。当时,乔治·齐默曼(George Zimmerman)在佛罗里达一个社区担任巡查员志愿者+Pkk)cxeo;ep,tMT;k。特雷沃恩·马丁(Trayvon Martin)是一名非裔美国人,被杀害时正在步行前往父亲未婚妻家的途中RL^.f~np=,K

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乔治·齐默曼(George Zimmerman)是一名西班牙裔白人6#pPzx|qi45]uVY4;。他报警称在社区发现特雷沃恩·马丁(Trayvon Martin)非常可疑LQ96L*n_Q*。他追踪了这名青少年,尽管警察告诉他不要这样做5n[]6#*zLY))M1qy8j。两人打斗起来_t_FF_Wbcx#umNuT!。齐默曼称自己在受到这名年轻人的袭击之后作出自卫行为97+M7D3yJES~qA

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根据佛罗里达州的法律,人们在生命处于危险境地时可以使用致命力量进行还击r;#*r%Ap2W

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周六,由六名女性组成的陪审团作出决定后不久,人们纷纷通过社交媒体和公共抗议活动来表达自己对该判决的看法PYXPuhRpiTD[@

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“没有正义就没有和平(d,rrCj4]t%NrQw5。特雷沃恩!还特雷沃恩以正义!”

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自审判以来,美国各地举行了许多抗议活动%DMcHDemosbv8sPD=]。数百人在伊利诺伊州的芝加哥举行了示威游行Ihk4h&V1P)irQ)f。他们表达了反对意见,就如活动积极分子Dickey Gaines所说,这是预先决定的判决——在审判之前就已经做出了决定uD9UhK=m8w0Sv。“因为全国各地许多人支持齐默曼宣判无罪,他们捐款赞助辩护过程,

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所以,很早就有迹象表明人们支持他在该案件中被判无罪N*ayfB)SE[,。”

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Casey David Cole Senior是支持者之一~iLh@j2)sN9Any^t。他在审判进行的佛罗里达州桑福德法庭附近接受了记者的采访p-|-ic8j_h4^MKz9

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“我来这里是为了表达自己的看法av+DPsDp21t=X^LX。我相信乔治·齐默曼(George Zimmerman)是无辜的lwqPH!J,|,EDCJ_nT-rO。”

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对芝加哥抗议者Bryan Burroughs来说,该案件在他的脑海中非常明晰,~vc!m&-^NHZb|yqp0t

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“特雷沃恩·马丁(Trayvon Martin)没有任何错,错就错在他是一个黑人,住在几乎都是白人的社区_3W|H8yf#as。”

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活动积极分子Dickey Gaines表示,该判决丝毫没有改变他的看法yy8H#&89tcr-,+rp。他相信因为这名青少年是黑人而受到乔治·齐默曼的故意针对@_lgRcyPQr@de63

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“他跟踪特雷沃恩就是因为他的肤色是黑的kwLs7t2var4v77Q。”

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Hans von Spakovsky在华盛顿传统基金会研究小组工作tLH9&OWLJh0q。他表示,对乔治·齐默曼(George Zimmerman)的诉讼应该结束了+2m%,H3FvSf%=bBplXA

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“如果司法部门继续追究该案件,第一,最终还是会发现他是无辜的,第二,我们知道不存在任何种族敌意,这对于践踏民权案来说是必须的!8J8%|oxUOh。这再次表明是政治推动起诉过程,而不是正义.LTb-v7S&nl3;41。”

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美国的种族不平等可以追溯到几百年前wnm*m(9;sI&lZFB。奴隶制度是1860年美国内战的主要原因j7;^W+v8nzk0OsAQ]。但是黑人奴隶获得自由后,种族歧视仍然继续5=mE.4~cxX&!p。种族之间的紧张关系仍然存在G0H,kWEwg--=FB[S93

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Greg Carr是霍华德大学黑人研究机构的主席,这是位于华盛顿的一家传统黑人大学mtB7_CYu|YgV

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“有一点是非常明确的,该判决提醒人们,不要期望法院和法律在某种程度上调节和改变人们的内心和思想QN[m&8Qf;(l。”

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Carr警告称,如果对乔治·齐默曼(George Zimmerman)进行民权案件审判并且败诉,会增加许多人的不信任感UH5Mk2ukI,+i%ImOXrfH。但是如果获胜,美国人就会期待法庭,而不是期待自己的内心来调节种族纷争XX)cgS0]Or1KF

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以上就是今天的美国之音学英语时事新闻节目BC8o&j8VQ49!_x。我是Steve Ember3t4;_Es=8[c(yQ1

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点击此处下载本期VOA慢速新闻讲解PDF与音频字幕

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重点单词
  • exceptvt. 除,除外 prep. & conj. 除了 ..
  • distrustn. 不信任 vt. 不信任
  • decisionn. 决定,决策
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • guiltyadj. 有罪的,内疚的
  • oppositionn. 反对,敌对,在野党
  • juryn. 陪审团,评委会 adj. 临时用的 vt. 挑选
  • healingn. 康复,复原 adj. 有治疗功用的
  • foundationn. 基础,根据,建立 n. 粉底霜,基金会
  • defensen. 防卫,防卫物,辩护 vt. 防守