From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.
The United States Supreme Court made decisions on three major rights cases this week.
On Monday the court released a decision on education policy for minorities. But, the high court chose not to give a final ruling on the policy known as affirmative action.
The case involves a young white woman, Abigail Fisher, who was rejected by the University of Texas. Her lawyers argued that universities should not be permitted to consider race when trying to accept a diverse class of students. They said that considering someone's race in the admissions process violates their constitutional right to equal protection under the law.
Seven of the nine justices voted to return the case to a lower court saying it had not fully studied the university's actions.
Opponents praised the Supreme Court for ordering the lower court to enforce a narrower version of the school's affirmative action plan. Civil rights activists welcomed the decision because it did not cancel the policy.
On Tuesday, the Supreme Court did cancel a part of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Congress passed the law to ensure that African Americans in southern states could vote. The court decision ends federal supervision of election laws in states with a history of voter suppression.
The law was aimed at nine states and some cities and counties in seven other states. These states were required to seek approval from the Justice Department to make changes to their election laws. Congress has repeatedly extended the law, most recently in 2006.
A divided court ruled by a vote of five to four. In the majority opinion, Chief Justice John Roberts wrote that widespread violation of the rights of black voters no longer exists. The majority ruled that the method used to decide which areas require federal supervision violates the rights of states. It said Congress must decide on a better method.
Several states announced they would begin new voting requirements that had been blocked by the Justice Department soon after the ruling.
Cherilyn Infill is with the NAACP Legal Defense Fund.
"Make no mistake about what has happened."
Speaking to a crowd near the court, she said the court has decided that it stands in a better position than Congress to determine how to protect against voting discrimination.
"The 15th amendment to the constitution makes clear that it is Congress that has that power."
On Wednesday morning, a different crowd waited outside the court building. Supporters of same-sex marriage cheered when the Supreme Court canceled a federal and a state law on the issue.
The court said the 1996 federal law called the Defense of Marriage Act violated the rights of same-sex couples. The court said that the government could not prevent same-sex couples from getting the same tax, health and retirement benefits as traditional husbands and wives. Supporters of the laws promised to continue efforts to limit marriage to legal unions of one man and one woman.
And that's In the News from VOA Learning English. I'm Steve Ember.
1.release vt. 释放；放开；发布；发行
They're not releasing any more details yet...
2.affirmative adj. 肯定的；赞成的
He replied in the affirmative to my question.
3.diverse adj. 不同的，多种多样的
Spain is a composite of diverse traditions and people.
4.violate vt. 违反；妨碍；侵犯
Can they be allowed to violate rules and regulations at will?
5.block vt. 阻止；阻塞
Some students today blocked a highway that cuts through the center of the city...
6.discrimination n. 歧视
They abhor all forms of racial discrimination.
1.In the majority opinion, Chief Justice John Roberts wrote that widespread violation of the rights of black voters no longer exists.
We can no longer support the President's continuance in office.
2.Speaking to a crowd near the court, she said the court has decided that it stands in a better position than Congress to determine how to protect against voting discrimination.
You need warm clothes to protect you against the cold.
3.Supporters of the laws promised to continue efforts to limit marriage to legal unions of one man and one woman.
We must limit the expenses to $100 a month.
涉及该案件的是被得克萨斯大学拒绝的年轻白人女性Abigail Fisher。她的律师辩护称，如果大学试图接受多样化的学生，就不应该考虑种族的问题 。他们表示，在入学过程中考虑学生的种族违反了宪法规定的他们接受平等的法律保护的权利 。
周二，最高法院取消了1965年通过的《投票权法案》(Voting Rights Act)的部分内容。国会通过该法律是为了确保南部各州的非裔美国人有权投票 。最高法院该裁决终止了联邦机构对拥有压制投票者权利历史的各州选举进行监管的权利 。
该法律针对的是九个州和七个其他州的某些城市和郡县。这些州需要向司法部寻求批准，对选举法进行修正 。国会多次对该法律进行延伸，最近的一次是在2006年 。
法官之间也存在很大的分歧，最终以5:4通过。大多数法官方面，首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨(John Roberts)写道，广泛违反黑人投票者权利的现象已经不复存在 。大多数法官裁决，用来决定哪一地区需要联邦监管的方法违法了各州的权利 。他们表示，国会必须寻找更好的方法 。
法院表示，1996年出台的联邦法律《婚姻保护法案》触犯了同性恋伴侣的权利。法院表示，政府不应该阻止同性夫妻享有与传统的夫妻同样的税收，卫生和退休福利 。这些法律的支持者们承诺继续努力，把婚姻限制为一男一女的合法结合 。
以上就是今天的慢速学英语时事新闻节目。我是Steve Ember 。