From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.
Earlier this week, the United States Senate voted to begin debate on a historic immigration bill. The proposed law would offer a chance for more than 11 million undocumented immigrants, those not in the country legally, to become American citizens. It would also increase the number of foreign temporary technology workers at a time when American technology workers face high unemployment.
On Tuesday, President Barack Obama said this is "the best chance in years" to achieve "common sense reform." He called on Congress to approve the bill.
"If you genuinely believe we need to fix our broken immigration system, there's no good reason to stand in the way of this bill."
The vote to permit debate passed easily, 82-15. It clears the way for discussions that political observers say could extend through the rest of the month. The legislation establishes a 13-year citizenship process for immigrants who arrived in the United States illegally.
Public opinion studies released Thursday suggest wide support for the main reforms. People in 29 states were asked questions about immigration. A majority supported reforms that included stronger border security, a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants and laws to block employers from hiring people living in the United States illegally.
The studies did not ask about a disputed part of the bill that would increase the number of temporary foreign technology workers.
Labor rights groups and business groups disagree about that issue. Some businesses threatened to withdraw their support for immigration reform if the resulting bill did not drop a requirement that employers seek American workers before hiring foreigners.
Foreign scientists, engineers and computer programmers can live and work in the United States under special permits called H -1B visas. Many young scientists and engineers in India, China and other developing countries compete for the work permits.
Large technology companies like Intel, Adobe and Microsoft had asked for an increased number of workers with H-1B visas.
A group representing American engineers had asked Congress to limit the number of foreign engineers as part of the bill.
Instead, the new bill increases the number of H-1B visas.
Labor rights groups strongly support citizenship for undocumented low wage workers but dispute whether more temporary technology workers are needed in the United States. They say foreign workers force down wages.
In Washington, the New America Alliance held a discussion and news conference after the Senate vote. The alliance is made up of Latino American business people.
The event included an emotional statement by a young undocumented immigrant woman. Julieta Garibay works on legislation for an organization led by young immigrants called United We Dream.
"We deserve justice and dignity in this great country, because at the end of the day, to us this is not a bill of a thousand plus pages. This is our lives."
And that's In the News from VOA Learning English. I'm Alex Villareal.
1.approve v. 批准；认可
Can we deduce from your silence that you do not approve?
2.genuinely adv. 真地；真正地
She seems genuinely fond of the children.
3.permit vt. 许可，准许
Mary's father will not permit her to stay up late.
4.extend v. 延长；延伸
We shall have to extend the payments over an additional period.
5.temporary adj. 临时的；暂时的
Her going on maternity leave will create a temporary vacancy.
6.deserve v. 应受；应得
He didn't really deserve (that) she should be so kind to him.
1.He called on Congress to approve the bill.
One of Kenya's leading churchmen has called on the government to resign.
2.If you genuinely believe we need to fix our broken immigration system, there's no good reason to stand in the way of this bill.
stand in the way碍事，挡道； 阻挠
No mountains and seas can stand in the way of the friendship between our two peoples.
3.It clears the way for discussions that political observers say could extend through the rest of the month.
clear the way for为…扫清道路
Outsiders need to clear the way for Somalis to solve their many problems.
4.The alliance is made up of Latino American business people.
made up of由…组成，由…构成
The audience was made up of very young children.
周四公布的民意调查显示人们广泛地支持主要的改革。29个州的民众回答了关于移民的问题 。大部分人支持包括加强边境安全，非法移民成为美国公民的途径，以及阻止雇主雇佣非法移民在内的改革措施 。
外国科学家，工程师和电脑程序员在特别许可，也就是持有H-1B签证的情况下可以在美国工作和生活。印度，中国和其他发展中国家的许多年轻科学家和工程师都为获得工作许可而进行竞争 。因特尔，奥多比和微软等大型科技公司都要求增加持有H-1B签证的工作人员数量 。
在会议上，一名年轻的非法移民女性发表了动情的声明。Julieta Garibay为由年轻的移民组成的“为了梦想联合起来”组织负责法律事务 。
以上就是今天的美国之音慢速学英语时事新闻节目。我是Alex Villareal 。