Now the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
A nickname is a shortened form of a person's name. A nickname can also be a descriptive name for a person, place or thing.
Many American cities have nicknames. These can help establish an identity, spread pride among citizens and build unity. Nicknames can also be funny.
Los Angeles, California is the second largest city in population, after New York City. Los Angeles has several nicknames. One is simply the city's initials, L.A. It is also called the City of Angels because Los Angeles means "the angels" in Spanish.
Los Angeles often has warm, sunny weather. So another nickname is City of Flowers and Sunshine. New York is called The Big Apple. So Los Angeles is sometimes called The Big Orange because of the fruit that grows in that city's warm climate.
The American motion picture and television industries are based in Los Angeles. So it is not surprising that it is called The Entertainment Capital of the World. Many films are made in the area of Los Angeles called Hollywood. Millions of people visit the area. No trip to Los Angeles is complete without seeing the word "Hollywood" spelled out in huge letters on a hillside.
Many movie stars live in Los Angeles. The city is sometimes called Tinseltown. This nickname comes from the shiny, bright and often unreal nature of Hollywood and the movie industry.
Another nickname for Los Angeles is La-La Land, using the first letters of Los and Angeles. This means a place that is fun and not serious, and maybe even out of touch with reality.
The city of Los Angeles is part of Los Angeles County. There are many smaller cities in the county. Beverly Hills, with its rich people, is one of them. So is Pasadena, with its Rose Parade each New Year's Day. So are the coastal cities of Santa Monica and Malibu, where people like to ride surfboards on the Pacific Ocean waves.
A good place for watching unusual-looking people is Venice, an area on the west side of Los Angeles. A system of waterways designed after the Italian city of Venice has been built there.
Many people love Los Angeles for its warm sunny weather, beautiful mountains and beaches, and movie stars. That includes Randy Newman, who sings about his hometown.
(MUSIC - Randy Newman - "I Love L.A.")
This program was written by Shelley Gollust. I'm Barbara Klein. You can find more WORDS AND THEIR STORIES atwww.kekenet.com.
别名是一个人名字的缩写形式，也可以是一个人、地方或物品的描述性名称。许多美国城市都有别名，这样可以帮助创建一个城市的风格，在市民间传播自豪感，建立团结 。一些别名也可以非常有趣 。
加利福尼亚的洛杉矶是第二大人口城市，排在纽约市之后。洛杉矶有许多别名 。其中一个别名就是这个城市的首字母缩写，L.A 。洛杉矶还被叫做“天使之城”，因为Los Angeles在西班牙语中是“天使”的意思 。
洛杉矶的天气通常是温暖舒适，阳光灿烂的。所以，洛杉矶的另外一个别名就是“阳光和鲜花之城” 。纽约市有一个别名叫做“大苹果” 。所以，由于在该市温暖气候中生长的橙子，洛杉矶有时也被叫做“大橙子” 。
美国的动画和电视产业基地位于洛杉矶。所以，不出所料，洛杉矶被叫做“世界娱乐之都” 。许多电影都是在洛杉矶的好莱坞制作 。数百万人来这个地方旅游 。如果没有参观山坡上巨大的字母拼写的“好莱坞”，来洛杉矶的旅行就是不完整的 。
许多电影明星在洛杉矶居住。这个城市有时被叫做“浮华城” 。之所以有这个别名，是因为好莱坞和电影行业星光璀璨，虚无缥缈的本质 。
洛杉矶另外一个别名是“La-La Land”，使用的是Los和Angeles的首字母。这代表的是一个充满趣味，轻松愉快，甚至脱离现实的地方 。
洛杉矶市是洛杉矶郡的一部分。该郡还有许多较小的城市 。富豪云集的贝弗利山市就是其中之一 。还有每个新年进行玫瑰游行的帕萨迪纳，以及人们喜欢在太平洋的波浪中冲浪的圣莫尼卡和马利布 。
许多人喜欢洛杉矶温暖舒适，阳光灿烂的天气，美丽的高山和沙滩，星光璀璨的明星。其中包括这位歌唱他的家乡的Randy Newman 。
本期节目由Shelley Gollust编辑。我是Barbara Klein 。您可以登录可可英语网站查看更多节目 。