超级大国的兴衰(视频+MP3+中英字幕) 第468期:意外产生的超级大国(11)
日期:2018-09-12 15:44

(单词翻译:单击)

视听文本

America then, placed foreign policy on the back burner, along with military spending, which was a mistake.
当时的美国暂时搁置了外交政策,也搁置了军事开支,这其实是个错误
Pulling America out of the Great Depression was important, it was job 1,
把美国拉出经济大萧条固然重要,是第一位的工作
but it was no excuse for America to stick its head in the sand over what was going on in Europe.
但是美国并没有理由就此把头埋在沙堆里不管欧洲发生的一切
By 1936, the losers of Versailles, Japan and Germany, were bidding for empires.
到1936年,《凡尔赛条约》中的战败国,日本和德国,已经在争取得到帝国
Japan had conquered Manchuria, Germany had reconquered the Rhineland.
日本已经占领了满洲里,德国也重新占领了莱茵兰
Together with Italy, which had managed to conquer Ethiopia, they created the Anti-Comintern Pact.
和已经占领了埃塞俄比亚的意大利一起,签订了《反共产国际协定》
西班牙内战

The Axis, as Germany, Japan and Italy was also called, was anti-communist mainly at name.
德国,日本和意大利一起被称为轴心国,它们只是在名义上反共
What they really wanted was world domination.
真正的目的其实是想要主宰世界
The Spanish civil war of 1936 to 1939 became a proxy war between the Axis and the Soviet Union.
1936年到1939年的西班牙内战成为轴心国和苏联之间的一场代理人战争
In 1938 Hitler pushed the envelope by annexing Austria along with pieces of Czechoslovakia.
1938年,希特勒挑战极限,吞并了奥地利和捷克斯洛伐克的部分地方
Britain and France continued trying to buy time.
英国和法国还在继续争取时间
The USSR agonized over whether to side with the Axis or with the west.
而苏联还在为与轴心国,还是西方国家统一战线而伤脑筋
Meanwhile the United States maintained strict neutrality.
同时,美国也严格保持中立

视频及简介

课程介绍:

本次课追溯了美国从一战开始到二战结束的期间外交政策的发展,也涉及了一点国内政策。

原声视频:


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