For the Northerners the abolitionists were just a small but loud minority among their number,
many Northerners might have agreed in principle that blacks deserve life liberty and the pursuit of happiness but they were not very interested in fighting for this principle,
nor sad to say was there a shortage of Northerners who were perfectly fine with the concept of human slavery.
Even Abraham Lincoln himself the greatest American who ever sucked air stated that he would happily save the union either by freeing all or some or none of the slaves.
Meanwhile in Russia Tsar Alexander the second was freeing his nations serifs with the stroke of a pen, so much for democracy.
Prior to Lincoln's inauguration on March 4th 1861, seven Southern states seceded from the union and established the confederate states of America
eventually there would be 11 confederate states, the slave dawning stated of Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri stayed in the Union.
The free state of West Virginia basically succeeds from the slave state of Virginia which non-surprisingly was just fine with Abraham Lincoln.
The Lincoln administration recognised neither the secession of the Southern states nor the establishment of the confederacy.